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Throughout history, the idea of a universal energy woven through all of nature has been held by mystics, religions, and more recently by Western researchers and scientists. In recent years many in the scientific community, with the assistance of technological research ranging from holographic patterning to Kirlian photography to different types of scanning, has directly observed the human energy field (HEF) and been able to demonstrate it in a concrete, physical way.

This plays a major role in validating the concept that all matter is energy and it forms the basis for understanding how we as human beings can be considered dynamic energetic systems – networks of complex energy fields which interact with our physical and cellular systems.

These higher energy systems (or subtle bodies) that surround the physical body consist of matter with different frequencies than that of the physical body. In physical reality, however, these fields or systems are superimposed upon one another, occupying the same space. Together these systems play a crucial role in how the human system functions.

The Chakras

The meridians (more info on meridians below) gather to form main energetic centers, or charkas, which are located on the median (middle) line of the body. The chakras are rooted on the spine and radiate out the front the body. The term chakra means “wheel” in Sanskrit. The energy intake and output makes them spin like wheels.

(The following is an excerpt from the article, “Chakras as Psychic and Energetic Center,” by Michael Nudel and Eva Nudel, Ph.D.)

Every subtle body communicates to the others and the universe through psychic centers. The universe is composed of spinning wheels and spirals of energy. Any organism gathers cosmic energy through nonphysical vortices of pure energy-energetic “transformers” named chakras.

According to ancient tradition, psychic centers located in the ether body have the energetic forms of lotuses. In the physical body, charkas are represented in the forms of plexuses and endocrine glands.

Chakras are an essential part of our bio-energy system, being its energetic centers. All humans have and use their chakras, even if they are not aware of them. In Sanskrit, the chakra is a wheel of life, an energetic circuit. Chakras enable us to gather energy from the cosmos, process it, use it, and even release it back.

Gathered cosmic energy can be kept in the subtle bodies, and when needed can be transformed by chakras to the physical body for its proper functioning (this process is reversible as well).

The chakra system is an active, self-perpetuating spiral. Each chakra, as a spinning antenna, receives and filters energy from cosmos and delivers it to a particular physical organ in its area or endocrine gland, supplementing them with prana energy.

Much of the chakras’ work is concerned not only with specific areas of the body, but also with the maintenance of a healthy balance between the individual’s subtle bodies and the physical body and different areas in the whole bio-energetic system. Chakras are interdependent and interconnected centers of the chakra system.

Chakras influence each other in their work. If one chakra is unbalanced and not working properly, it affects others and leads to a general imbalance of the chakra system. A healthy, active chakra increases the energetic potential of all chakras, whereas an unbalanced and dysfunctional chakra decreases normal energy flow in the chakra system and slows down the whole organism and the entire energy system.

Even one dysfunctional chakra in the chakra system causes more chakras to close. This dysfunction leads to an occurrence of energetic imbalances, physical illnesses, and emotional blocks in the energy system.

Ancient Indian thought determined the nonphysical energetic centers as sites of consciousness. The chakras’ tops are represented as plexuses or brains of the nervous system. From this point of view, the chakra system may be accepted as a model of consciousness. The consciousness of all living organisms is based on energy traveling through the energetic systems.

Chakras are centers of different levels of consciousness, ranging from the “base” level to the high spiritual.

The major chakras are located on the spinal column and on the head, and one chakra is located in the heart plexus. Every physical organ has a minor chakra, and there are many minor or secondary chakras around the human body. All acupuncture points are chakras as well.

Many authors believe that minerals have one chakra, while animals have three or four. Humans have seven major in-body chakras, one minor chakra, and one very important out-of-body chakra. We believe that more out-of-body chakras will be discovered in the not-too-distant future.

There seven chakras are located as follows:

• 1st chakra: between the genitals and the anus
• 2nd chakra: at the abdomen
• 3rd chakra: at the solar plexus
• 4th chakra: at the heart
• 5th chakra: at the throat
• 6th chakra: at the third eye
• 7th chakra: at the fontanelle

Each one of the chakras possesses a very specific energetic frequency that relates to colors, essential oils, and emotional, mental, and spiritual patterns.

Ch’i and the Meridian system

The following was taken directly from Inge Dougans book on reflexology

Ch’i is Chinese and means the “life force” energy that keeps us alive. The Chinese discovered that this ch’i circulates in the body along “meridians”, similar to the blood, nerve and lymphatic circuits. This vital life force controls the workings of the main organs and systems of the body.

It circulates from one organ to another. For each organ to maintain a perfect state of health, the ch’i energy must be able to flow freely along the meridians. If this is balanced, it is impossible to be ill in body, mind, or spirit. All illness is a result of an imbalance in the flow of energy.

Meridians are located throughout the body. They have been described as containing a free-flowing, colorless, noncellular liquid that may be partly actuated by the heart. Meridians have been measured and mapped by modern technological methods, electronically, thermally, and radioactively. With practice, they can be felt. There are specific acupuncture points along the meridians.

These points are electromagnetic in character and consist of small oval cells called Bonham Corpuscles that surround the capillaries in the skin, the blood vessels, and the organs throughout the body. There are some 500 points that are most frequently used. they are stimulated in a definite sequence depending on the action required.

Meridians are named by the live functions with which they seem to associate, so that this name is the same as that of many of the organs we are familiar with.

The Chinese maintain that the ch’i circulates in the meridians 24 times a day and 24 times a night. In a sense, there is only one single meridian that goes right around the entire body, but many different meridians are described according to their positions and functions.

There are 12 main meridians, which are bilateral (paired) resulting in 24 separate pathways. Each meridian is connected and related to a specific organ from which it gets its name. It is also connected to a partner meridian and also an organ with which it has a specific mutual relationship.

Within our bodies the yin organs are those that are hollow and involved in absorption and discharge such as the stomach and the bladder; the yang organs are the dense, blood filled organs such as the heart, which regulate the body.

There is constant interaction between the yin and yang forces and, if the yin/yang balance between the organs is interrupted, the flow of ch’i throughout the body will be affected and the person will fall ill.

Meridians are classified as yin or yang on the basis of the direction in which they flow on the surface of the body. Meridians interconnect deep within the torso and have an internal branch and a surface branch. The section worked on is the surface branch, which is accessible to touch techniques.

Yang energy flows from the sun, and yang meridians run from the fingers to the face, or from the face to the feet. Yin energy from the earth flows from the feet to the torso and from the torso along the inside (yin side) of the arms to the fingertips.

Since the meridian flow is actually one long continuous unbroken flow, the energy flows in one definite direction and from one meridian to another in a well-determined order. Because there is no beginning or end to this flow, the order of meridians is represented as a wheel.

As we go around this wheel following the meridian line, the flow moves from torso to fingertips to the face and to the feet before returning to the torso.



The Meridian Cycle

During the 24-hour period the movement of ch’i energy has periods of energy surges and periods of sedation through the meridian and the specific partner organ.

Gallbladder Meridian 11pm – 1am
Liver Meridian 1am – 3am
Lung Meridian 3am – 5am
Large Intestine Meridian 5am – 7am
Stomach Meridian 7am – 9am
Spleen/Pancreas Meridian 9am – 11am
Heart Meridian 11am – 1pm
Small Intestine Meridian 1pm – 3pm
Bladder Meridian 3pm – 5pm
Kidney Meridian 5pm – 7pm
Governing Vessel 7pm – 9pm
Triple Heater/Endocrine 9pm – 11pm

Energy surges through the meridians (taken from R.Gerber, Vibrational Medicine)

Meridian Therapy

Associated Symptoms

The bladder meridian starts at the inner corner of the eye, continues over the crown of the head, down the back of the legs, and ends on the outer edge of the back of the little toe.

Symptoms/Ailments: bladder problems, headache, eye diseases, neck and back problems, pain along the back of the leg, hair loss, headaches and neck tension, pain and stiffness along the spine, weak/sore lower back, hemorrhoids, boils on buttocks, sciatica and varicose veins, tightness, pain and cramps in calves, weak feet and ankles, athletes foot, bent little toe or pigeon toes.

Functions: Bladder is essential for life because if it is not functioning the system is poisoned and stressed beyond endurance; strong partnership with kidneys; affects the posture – weakness in skinny people, head and hips forward and spine backwards; headaches – neck tension, crown and forehead headaches; disorders of the lower back – toxins from an overloaded bladder; influences lumber vertebrae – ovaries and uterus, testes and prostrate; bed wetting; imbalance – lifelong battle with fatigue.

Partner Meridian: Kidney

Circulation / Pericardium

It starts next to the nipple, along the arm and ends on the back of the middle finger towards the ring finger.

Symptoms/Ailments: poor circulation, angina, palpitation, diseases of the sexual glands and organs, irritability, pain along the course of the meridian, swollen painful armpits, eczema or skin problems in the brow crease, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, hot palms, arthritis in middle finger, white spots and ridges on the nails.

Functions: Pericardium protects the heart and the Triple Heater (Burner) protects the other meridians; pericardium protects the heart physically and energetically; pericardium is fibrous sac enclosing the heart and absorbing the stresses and shocks; influences the mental and emotional states; exerts an influence on the physical and psychological warmth in relationships; can be warming, caring, enthusiastic and excited if the meridian is balanced or reverse if imbalanced.

Partner Meridian: Triple Heater (Burner)/Endocrine

Gall Bladder

Starts at the outer corner of the eye, crosses the temple, makes a loop above the ear and curves to the front of the crown, over the head, down the head to the shoulder and continues laterally down the body and leg to end on the back of the fourth toe toward the little toe.

Symptoms/Ailments: gall bladder problems, ear diseases, migraine, hip problems, dizziness, pain along the meridian, temple migraines, eye and ear weakness, neck tensions, shoulder pains – frozen shoulder, asthma, shingles, arthritis in the hip, skin problems along this meridian e.g. varicose veins, knee complaints on lateral side, corns on 4th toe, athletes foot or a hammer toe.

Functions: Gall Bladder Meridian is the longest meridian in the body; function is to store and secrete bile; influences stomach and spleen function; disruption of gall bladder meridian major cause of headaches (vice grip type) and neck tensions; gall bladder rules decision making – anger and rash decisions are due to excess gallbladder energy/ch’i and indecision is a sign of gall bladder disharmony.

Partner Meridian: Liver

Triple Heater/Endocrine

Starts on the back of the ring finger along the arm and ends at the top of the outer corner of the eye.

Symptoms/Ailments: diseases of the thyroid and adrenal glands, ear problems, sore throat, abdominal distension, edema, swelling of cheek, pain along the meridian, stiffness and pain along the arm and wrist, arthritis, white spots or ridges on nail of the third finger and eczema on the fourth/ring finger, pain behind and the corner of the eye, ear problems (e.g. pain, full waxy ears), eczema, shoulder pains.

Functions: Triple Heater (Burner) does not correlate with an anatomical organ; related to the endocrine system and heat in the body is controlled by its function; internal heat is required for functioning of all the organs, heart, processing of food, reproduction activity; regulates the autonomic nervous system and this the heart and abdominal organs in their response to emotion; controls the pituitary glands which regulates the output of the endocrine glands; regulates body temperature, appetite and thirst; controls emotions and moods – urges of pleasure/displeasure.

Partner Meridian: Circulation/Pericardium


Starts in the armpit and ends at the back of the little finger towards the ring finger.

Symptoms/Ailments: heart problems, dryness of the throat, jaundice, pain along the course of the meridian, pain in the armpits and swollen glands, weak wrists, inner arm pain, stiffness or pain in the little finger, ridges and white spots on the nails, palpitations, chest pains and cardiac disorders, constipation and malabsorption of nutrients, diaphragm disorders.

Functions: Heart rules the blood and blood vessels; if the heart is strong, the body will be healthy and the emotions orderly, emotionally related to love; governs the transportation system – oxygen, nutrients, wastes; if the heart is weak, all the other meridians will be in imbalance; circulatory problems cause health problems; when the heart’s energy and blood are harmonious, the spirit is nourished and the person is balanced and lives harmoniously; imbalance results in insomnia, forgetfulness, hysteria, irrational behavior, insanity.

Partner Meridian: Small Intestine


Starts on the sole of the foot and ascends around the anklebone up the back of the leg to emerge around the front of the lower thigh and straight up the body to the breastbone.

Symptoms/Ailments: kidney problems, lung problems, dry tongue, lumbago, edema, constipation, diarrhea, pain and weakness along the course of the meridian, throat weakness, hot and dry tongue, lung congestion, heart problems, breast lumps, solar plexus and diaphragm problems, bladder weakness, sexual problems and infertility, varicose veins and broken capillaries on thighs, shinbone soreness and swollen ankles,burning, sweating and painful soles of the feet.

Functions: Kidneys are the source of vital life essence – Jing in Chinese medicine, and controls the life activity of all the other organs; purifies the blood and breaks down into nutritional components; moves, converts, stores and expels excess water; weak bones, loose teeth and flaky-nails indicate weak kidney life essence; adrenals cortex produces cortisone and sex hormones; strong kidney essence nourishes the brain – memory, concentration and thinking; influences the capacity for hard work.

Partner Meridian: Bladder

Large Intestine

The large intestine meridian starts at the tip of the index finger, crosses the back of the shoulder and ends on the face at either side of the nose.

Symptoms/Ailments: abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, sore throat, toothache in the lower gum, nasal discharge and bleeding, pain along the course of the meridian, itchy nose and sores, cold sores on lips, frozen shoulder and shoulder pain, tennis elbow, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, arthritis and pain in index finger, white spots on fingernails, ridges on nails.

Functions: (Large Intestine/Colon) lower tract of the digestive tract, receives and digests food, absorbs nutrients and excess waste; if regular elimination does not occur toxins build up. Proper elimination imperative for good health; toxic overload results in disharmony; imbalance – abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, bloating, acne, boils, headaches and stuffy nose.

Partner Meridian: Lung


Starts at the top of the big toe and ascends up the inside of the leg to the genital regions and continues upward too just below the nipple.

Symptoms/Ailments: liver problems, lumbago, vomiting, hernia, urination problems, pain in the lower abdomen and along the course of the meridian, pain on right side indicates liver problems and pain on the left side indicates stomach and spleen problems, digestive problems, eczema in groin area, both male and female. genital problems in males and females – herpes, low sperm count, impotence, low sexual libido, candida, thigh pain and varicose veins, knee pain on medial side, problems with big toe – gout, ingrown toenail, fungus and corns.

Functions: Liver is a regulating and harmonizing organ; primary center for metabolism – secretes bile, synthesizes proteins, naturalizes toxins, regulates blood sugar levels, stores glycogen and changes it back to glucose; brain requires glucose therefore essential that liver supplies glucose to the brain – essential for conscious and unconscious thought processes; liver meridian controls functions of nervous system and important for psychological problems e.g. depression and anger.

Partner Meridian: Gall Bladder


Starts at the clavicle and ends at the back of the thumb towards the index finger.

Symptoms/Ailments: respiratory diseases, sore throat, cough, common cold, pain in the shoulder and along the meridian, stiff forearm, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, wrist disorders, arthritis and stiffness of the thumb, white spots on nails, ridges on nails.

Functions: regulates respiration, responsible for bringing energy from the air; regulates status of body energy; governs elimination of CO2 from the body; close relationship with the large intestine; imbalance results in chest congestion, coughs and asthma.

Partner Meridian: Large Intestine

Small Intestine

Starts on the outside of the tip of the little finger and passes along the posterior side of the forearm, circles behind the shoulder, along the side of the neck to the cheek and outer corner of the eye before entering the ear.

Symptoms/Ailments: pain in the lower abdomen, sore throat, swelling or paralysis of face, pain along the meridian, ear problems – tinnitus and deafness, trigeminal neuralgia in the face, swollen lymph glands in the throat region, fibrositis in the shoulder; tennis elbow, arthritis in the little finger, spots and ridges on the nails, heart disorders, abdominal complaints – distention and constipation, poor circulation in legs.

Functions: Small intestine receives and digests food; sorting out process – separates pure from impure and controls proportion of liquid to solid; psychological sorting out of ideas, emotions and thoughts.

Partner Meridian: Heart


Starts at the tip of the big toe runs up the leg, makes a bend into the pelvis, up the side of the abdomen and ends at the shoulder with an internal branch ending in the side of the thorax.

Symptoms/Ailments: problems of the spleen and pancreas, abdominal distension, jaundice, general weakness and sluggishness, tongue problems, vomiting, pain and swellings along the course of the meridian, underarm complaints – boils lymph swelling, eczema, digestive problems, cysts and fibroids in the uterus, menstrual problems and prostrate disorders, thigh pain, varicose veins and broken capillaries, knee pain and shinbone problems, ingrown toe nails with big toe pointing upwards, bunions.

Functions: Pancreas is central to physical existence and health; Distributes chi-energy released from food; transform (pancreatic juices) food into energy and blood; destroys spent red blood cells and forms antibodies; pancreas helps maintain control over digestive system; controls blood sugar (hypoglycemia – low blood sugar), (hyperglycemia – high blood sugar); Pancreas influences body temperature; improper functioning influences adrenal glands which influence sex gland and kidneys; emotionally – depression, PMT and irritability.

Partner Meridian: Stomach


Starts under the eye and curves up the temple, over the eye, down the nose and then continues down the body and ends on the top of the second toe.

Symptoms/Ailments: stomach problems, abdominal pain, distension, edema, vomiting, sore throat, facial paralysis, upper gum toothache, nose bleeding, pain along the meridian, cheek disorders, broken capillaries, bags and shadows under the eyes, sores in mouth, snoring and dribbling at night and grinding of teeth, throat problems and thyroid disorders, breast and nipple soreness, breast lumps and inverted nipples, diaphragm disorders (hiatus hernia), liver and gallbladder disorders on right side, stomach, pancreas and spleen disorders on left side, digestive problems (e.g. hernia, constipation, diverticulitis), appendix, ovarian problems, blocked fallopian tubes, infertility, thigh pains, knee pains, shin pains and varicose veins, corns, fungus on nail, hammertoe.

Functions: (Stomach controls digestion, it holds and digests the food with the help of the pancreas. The nutrients are transformed for the energy and blood to transport it.) Connected to Earth – food is nourishment, quality of food controls the quality of life; disharmony and imbalance of stomach major cause of illness.

Partner Meridian: Spleen/Pancreas

Here is a phenomenal article on meridian therapy and how to trace meridians: Meridian Therapy

Free Chakra/Meridian Charts

Free Body Chakra Chart – Click for larger image

Free Hand and Foot Chakra Chart – Click for larger image

Free Meridian Chart – Click for larger image

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Dee Braun
Dee is an Adv. Certified Aromatherapist, Reiki Master, Adv. Color/Crystal Therapist, Herbalist, Dr. of Reflexology and single mom who is dedicated to helping others any way she can.

One way she chooses to help is by offering information on the benefits and uses of natural health and healing methods for the well-being of both people and pets.