Reflexology Charts

April 10th, 2006

The feet are a microcosm of the human body and every organ and body part is represented in the feet. Where there are two organs in the body they will be represented on both feet, e.g. lungs and kidney and where there is only one organ, this will be represented on one foot, e.g. the liver will be on the right foot while the heart will be on the left. Where the organ or body part is reflected in the feet, this is called the “organ” reflex, e.g. the heart reflex.

The right foot represents the right side of the body as well as the past while the left foot represents the left side of the body as well as the present and future.

Here are several larger charts - feel free to print them or save them if you wish! They will open in a new window.

Chart 1 - Reflexes in the left foot

Chart 2 - Reflexes in the right foot

Chart 3 - Reflexes on top of the feet

Chart 4 - Inner/Outer foot reflexes

Chart 5 - Large chart of reflexes in both feet

Chart 6 - Chart of foot sex and lymph glands

Chart 7 - Foot bone structure chart

Chart 8 - Hand bone structure chart

Chart 9 - Chart of ear reflex points

Chart 10 - Chart of body and foot zones

Chart 11 - Chart of foot skeletal points

Chart 12 - Chart of chakra points in the foot and hand

Ancient History of Reflexology

April 10th, 2006

t is important to be aware of the great archetypal history manifested by the practitioners which dates back over 6,000 years.

Our study of the ancient Egyptian doctors starts 4,500 years ago. They were among the first to study the human body scientifically. They became masters at setting bones, caring for wounds and successfully treating many illnesses. Egyptian artists preserved the history of Surgery, anatomical observation and medical treatments through their meticulous record keeping.

Ed and Ellen Case of Los Angeles, while on tour of Egypt in l979, discovered a pictograph on the wall of the tomb of Ankhmahar which is located in Saqqara. This is known as the tomb of the physician and has been dated by Egyptologists at 2330 B.C.

This is the third oldest recorded history of pedis/manus-cure Reflexology to date and gives the modern day practitioner a consciousness of its roots and a sense of connection with one of the oldest health care professions in the world. In the artist’s painted illustration of the original pictograph, the physicians are pressuring the Great toe (spleen/pancreas and liver meridians) and thumb (lung meridian) of their respective patients; while the patients themselves are putting pressure on a gallbladder meridian point under their arm.

Pain was an indicator of a problem according to the hieroglyphic translation made by the Papyrus Institute in Cairo. The patient says to the physician: “Don’t let it be painful.” The modern Reflexologist has some patients with the same request; while others embrace the pain; knowing that the best results are due to a strong “current of injury”.

The reply of the physician shows consideration of the patient; working within his pain tolerance level: “I do as you please.” A patient must be educated to the benefits of the pain created by pressure on a point.

As we consider the early origins of Reflexology, I wish to present some modern day considerations that must be adopted into the practice of this ancient healing art. It is of interest to me that the medical specialist had a practical trade as well as his therapy practice (stone carver/foot Reflexologist) in ancient Egypt.

Many modern Reflexologists combine their practice with another occupation (auto mechanic/foot Reflexologist). Don’t put off living your life until you are “better.” (”I’ll do it when I’ve learned more ….. when I’m older …..when I have more money …..when I have more time.”)

Look for all the positive things taking place in and around you right now. As you find them, naturally you’ll feel more joyful. In life we have either results or try to justify our failure. If we don’t have what we want (results), we usually have a long list of reasons why we haven’t had success.

My father used to tell me, “Son, Don’t rationalize (rational lies).”

Reflexology offers you an incredibly effective method of affecting the health of yourself and your family in a positive manner as well as a positive way to express your life.

Reflexology Massage Techniques

April 9th, 2006

Slide and Press

Place both thumbs on the heel and slide each thumb from the centre of the sole to the edge of the foot. Alternate the thumbs by using the right and then the left as you work up the foot towards the toes.

Loosening the foot with a back-forth movement 
To accomplish this, first place the palms of the hands on either side of the foot with the fingers on the top of the foot. Ensure to keep the hands relaxed.

Gently push the foot forward with your left hand and pull the foot back with your right hand. Continue with this movement, alternating between pushing and pulling the foot back and forth. Keep the hands relaxed but firm, and in contact with the foot. Repeat about five times until you feel that the foot is relaxed. Then repeat the process on the other foot. This movement helps to release Tension.

Toe Rotation 
In this movement we have the equivalent effect of rotating the neck, and this accordingly helps to loosen up the neck area. Nervous Tension is located in the neck area and correspondingly the two big toes may be very stiff. 

Holding the Big Toe


Holding, Rotating other Toes

Basic Thumb Technique

In Reflexology you use your thumbs mainly to work the reflexes on the soles, and sometimes the sides, of the feet. Working with the first joint of your thumb, you “walk” forward along the reflex by successively bending and unbending the joint a little way. It is the inside or medial edge of the thumb that makes contact with the foot, not the tip or the ball (the part that touches the table if you put your hand down flat).

When the thumb is at the correct angle, the joint is not bent too far, allowing greater accuracy and smoothness of technique, as shown. Bending the joint over too far (below) not only strains it but also means that the person you are working on may feel your nail. The fingers of the “working” hand wrap around the top of the foot to provide leverage.

Index Finger Technique
The index finger comes into play when you are working on the top and side of the foot. Once again, you make contact with the inside or medial edge of the finger, bending the first joint slightly to “walk” or creep forward. This time, the thumb gives leverage from the other side of the foot and pushes the metatarsal head forward, to make working the top of the foot easier.

Practice the movement until you can execute it smoothly, keeping your pressure steady. Try “walking” over a painful reflex in one direction with your left index finger, then come back over it with your right.
As with the thumb, when you use your index finger correctly the joint is only slightly bent and the inside edge of the finger works the reflex, as shown . If you flex the finger too steeply and use the fingertip, as below, much of your contact with the skin is lost and you risk digging your nail into the person receiving treatment.

Support the foot well in your “holding” hand and place the thumb of your “working” hand on a reflex area. Now hook the thumb in and back up sharply, to one side (in this instance, towards the outside).

This technique is useful for homing in on a particularly small reflex and for working on parts of the foot where the skin is tough, such as the heel. Like a bee inserting a sting, you push your thumb into the reflex, then pull it back. The leverage of the fingers is crucial here, as the technique demands great precision.

Reflex Rotation

Specifically designed to help “work out” a painful reflex, this technique is used on the reflexes to the upper abdominal area of both feet (i.e. between the Waist Line and Diaphragm Line). You should apply it if you come across a particularly tender area, keeping your thumb in position while you rotate the foot around it, as shown.

After a few minutes of reflex rotation, you will find that the pain has diminished considerably. Go gently, being careful to avoid digging your thumbnail in.

Press your “working” thumb gently onto the reflex. Now use the “holding” hand to rotate the upper foot around the thumb, clockwise then anti-clockwise.

The precise reactions which take place when the foot is massaged are not fully understood, although it is accepted that the treatment has a very positive effect on the Nervous system and on blood circulation. The improvement to the blood circulation therefore has a beneficial effect on the vital transportation of nutrients to the tissues, and the removal from those tissues of waste products.

Reflexology FAQ

April 9th, 2006

What Is Reflexology?

Reflexology is the science or method of stimulating reflexes of the foot, hand or ear that correspond to each gland, organ and part of the body. Stimulation of these reflexes serves to Relax and normalize all functions of the body in order to promote a natural balance and revitalization. In ancient times, walking barefoot over rocks and hard ground naturally stimulated these reflexes every day.

By applying pressure on specific areas of the feet or hands, a Reflexologist can stimulate corresponding organs or glands. For instance, pressure is applied to the big toe to affect the pituitary gland and the four other toes are stimulated to affect to the brain, sinuses, eyes and ears. Because internal organs like the lungs and the kidneys can not be directly massaged, reflexologists believe that the feet, hands, and ears are an appropriate alternative.

Does Reflexology cure diseases or ailments?

Reflexology is not intended to cure diseases or ailments. Reflexologists are not medical practitioners and are not allowed to diagnose ailments or treat disease. Reflexology can be a valuable way of indicating areas where higher Stress or Tension is present in the body and can assist to relieve that Stress or Tension which can promote or encourage the natural Healing Process.

What are the similarities between Reflexology and Acupressure?

In Reflexology and Acupressure, the fingers and thumbs are used to exert pressure on various parts of the body to relieve pain and promote healing.

The key to both Reflexology and Acupressure is the concept of chi, the vital life force energy flowing throughout the body. Indeed, in Chinese medicine, practitioners seek to balance and harmonize the body to ensure an uninterrupted flow of chi. This is the foundation of the Chinese healing arts. Hands on Healing, by the Editors of Prevention Magazine, describes the human body as “a network of highways and byways called meridians. These meridians weave through every one of the body’s vital organs, the bloodstream, …the bones and through the muscles. Along these roads travel not cars and trucks but chi.” Illness occurs when chi is blocked in the organs or along these meridians. According to Hands on Healing, “with the touch of the fingers can influence the flow of chi, and most important break up the traffic jams that can rob one of Vitality and good health.” Theory aside, the important thing is that Acupressure and Reflexology work and are easy to learn.

What is the difference between Reflexology and Acupressure?

The main difference between the two is in theory and technique, but for all practical purposes they can be used together for relief of pain, associated Anxiety and Depression as well as other physical, mental and emotional conditions or dysfunction.

In Reflexology, pressure is applied with the fingers and thumbs to specific points on the feet, ears, or hands. These points correspond to different parts of the body such as the back, various muscle groups, and internal organs.

Acupressure is an ancient healing technique, in which finger or thumb pressure is placed on specific points on the body. Acupressure is similar in principle to acupuncture, in which needles are inserted. The main distinction between Reflexology and Acupressure is that in Acupressure points all over the body are activated, whereas in Reflexology, these points are largely limited to the ears, feet, and hands.

What does Reflexology do?

Reflexology can relieve Tension and promote Relaxation. Medical studies show that over 75% of all health problems can be linked to Tension and Stress. Our modern lifestyles not only cause a great deal of this Stress, but also do nothing to relieve it. In ancient times, we had Stress of a different nature, and due to the ancient lifestyle, were able to naturally treat Tension and Stress without even realizing it.

How does it work?

There are many theories about how Reflexology works, but the most commonly held belief is that Reflexology acts to Relax those reflexes that in turn are connected to various parts of the body, improving lymphatic drainage and circulation as well as relaxing muscles and stimulating nerve connections. Reflexology is primarily a Relaxation technique, and while research clearly indicates that Reflexology benefits patients health in both chronic and other ailments, it is not a substitute for medical treatment, and should be considered as complementary to any type of medical treatment. Extensive research on Reflexology has validated the effectiveness of Reflexology.

What does a Reflexologist do in a session?

A Reflexologist aims to provide a healing “environment” for a client. Prior to the session, the client’s medical history is discussed. After an inspection of the feet and hands, the Reflexologist will individually stimulate each foot and/or each hand. The bottom, top and sides of the feet and/or hands receive a thorough massage. By taking into account the needs of a client, a Reflexologist will vary the amounts of pressure on different areas of the foot and hand. Cream is applied to the feet at the end of the Reflexology session. The entire process requires approximately 45 minutes to an hour.

Is Reflexology new?

Although recently becoming much more popular and accepted in Western society, Reflexology has been practiced for thousands of years by Egyptians, Native American cultures and Mayan and Incan civilizations. It is widely accepted in many European countries as an accepted therapy. Modern Reflexology has its origins in the late 1930’s, thanks to Eunice Ingham.

Is Reflexology the same as Massage, Acupuncture, Acupressure or Shiatsu?

Reflexology is not the same as massage, which involves tissue and muscle therapy to promote Relaxation. Acupuncture, Acupressure and Shiatsu are similar in some respects to Reflexology in their use of reflexes or meridians of the body as they relate to the gland, organs and parts of the body, however Reflexology focuses on Relaxation of those reflexes through manipulation to reduce Stress and Tension. The other therapies are based on the belief that ‘Chi’ or energy flows through the meridians and that the therapy improves the flow of ‘Chi’ by reducing or eliminating blockages.

What are the benefits of Reflexology?

Reflexology primarily eases Stress and Tension, which in turn can improve blood circulation, lymph drainage, assist in the Elimination of Toxins, and strengthening of the Immune System. It enables the body’s natural healing processes to promote wellness. Read more on the benefits of Reflexology here.

Who can receive Reflexology sessions?

Anyone can benefit from Reflexology, including children, the elderly and the sick. Reflexology is safe and drug-free, so any person can begin Reflexology sessions as soon as they wish.

Can Reflexology make a condition worse?

No. Reflexology is a non-invasive natural therapy that relaxes the body and is essentially harmless. On rare occasions, release of toxins as a result of the body’s natural Healing Process may result in symptoms such as perspiration, Nausea or Headaches, however these symptoms are not directly related to Reflexology, and are temporary and not serious.

Can I have Reflexology if I have a verruca, or corns?

Verrucas are generally considered to be contagious, so for hygiene reasons they should be treated before you can have Reflexology, corns are best removed before a treatment as they can get in the way, but you can have a treatment with corns.

How can Reflexology help my sinus problem, when you’re treating my feet, and my sinus is in my head?

Reflexology acts on nerve endings in the feet relating to the whole body, by applying pressure to the sinus reflex in the feet we are relieving the symptoms of sinus in the head.

Do you have to be ill to have Reflexology?

No, Reflexology is used to maintain good health as well as treat ill health.

Can I give myself Reflexology treatments?

YES, definitely! That is one of the coolest things about Reflexology, it is easy to learn and you can be just as effective using it on yourself as a professional Reflexologist treatment. Browse through this site to see the various books, tools and charts we have to help you learn this powerful healing technique.

Are there specific sessions for different types of clients?

Generally, a Reflexologist will administer lighter and shorter sessions on seniors, Pregnant women, the sick and children. However, it is recommended that these same types of clients receive Reflexology more frequently.

How can I become a Reflexologist?

The regulations regarding practicing Reflexology vary from country to country and within countries can also vary by state or province. In some cases municipal or city licenses may be required to practice natural health care. The best way to investigate becoming a Reflexologist is to contact your closest Reflexology Association. The amount of classroom and practical training as well as written examinations also varies greatly. although Reflexology Associations are striving to ensure that all practitioners are well trained and certified in most regions. Using a well trained Reflexologist who is certified by an accredited school and/or Association is recommended.

Is Reflexology a good career?

Reflexology is quickly gaining in world-wide recognition as an excellent way towards providing and maintaining health care for all ages. A good Reflexologist has sensitive and strong hands. Personal cleanliness and a professional outlook are important. For those who choose self-employment, good business sense is essential. Remember, it takes time and persistence to develop professional skills and a successful practice. This profession is best suited to those who are committed to helping people, and who are able to sustain a challenging work routine.

The Importance of Touch

April 9th, 2006

Through the simple process of touch, Reflexology is so effective in the Healing Process. In the hi-tech world that we live in, touch has taken second place to machines.

Physiotherapists are now using machines instead of their hands. Doctors use machines to scan bodies and no longer rely on their hands for diagnosis. People have forgotten how to hug one another. They now shake hands. They walk past one another in the streets and do not even greet each other.

Electric blankets are used to keep warm in bed - human arms have become redundant. Healing takes place through an exchange of human energies and not through an exchange of electricity.

There is sufficient evidence that over-exposure to electricity increases the risk of cancer. Even living near high voltage pylons is reputed to deplete the Immune System.

Research was done in an orphanage in London where the mortality rate of babies was very high. People were paid to come into the orphanage and to play with an experimental group of babies. The mortality rate remained the same for the babies in the control group but the experimental group babies who were played with every day showed a higher survival rate.

When you are feeling down in the dumps and someone hugs you, you immediately feel better. This occurs because of the exchange of human energies and since positive energy can be used to destroy negative energy, you change the energy field of the person and they will immediately feel better.

All of us have the gift of healing in our hands. You instinctively use your hands to heal. When you bang your knee, you automatically put your hand on it. When a child bangs his head against something, you put your hand on his head. You are transmitting healing energy without even knowing it.

The Benefits of Reflexology

April 9th, 2006

Thousands of specific benefits have been reported from people who have received Reflexology sessions. The broad range of reported benefits can be divided into several categories.

  • Stress reduction, profound Relaxation, for all parts of the body,
  • Pain reduction and pain elimination, such as in the neck, shoulders, lower back and jaw,
  • Improved circulation resulting in better oxygen and nutrient supply to all the cells of the body,
  • Detoxification, improved organ and gland function,
  • Feeling better, greater productivity, enriched quality of life,
  • Normalization of body functions,
  • Prevention by reducing accumulated Stress in the body before health challenges develop,
  • Safe nurturing touch.

Reflexology: Hidden benefits of Reflexology by Helen Thompson (Healing Holistix)

When a client of mine asked if she could bring her sister, who had learning disabilities, for a Reflexology treatment with me, I was only too glad to concur. When the appointment day arrived, the young lady’s mother accompanied her and explained to me that her daughter had been born with learning disabilities (she was now in her thirties) and that the only diagnosis that doctors had given her was that something probably went wrong during birth.

My client was very cheerful, did not appear Nervous, but was unable to reply to my enquiries about her health and lifestyle - her mother did this for me, telling me she was in good general health mainly (apart from Rosacea) and that one thing she constantly talked about was getting married! She loved to look at magazines where there were pictures of brides’ dresses and related details and often imagined herself to be dressed in one. However, emotionally she was very detached from people, even her mother and two sisters.

During the treatment, she was unable to communicate any tender spots on her feet, which were very smooth & unlined, although I encountered several gritty points especially on the head zone and the pituitary and pineal points. She did, however, say that she was enjoying it and loved the feeling of her feet being rubbed. I gave her a specially thorough post-treatment foot massage because of this. As they were about to leave, the young lady gave me a really big hug and thanked me for the time I had spent with her. I am quite used to this, but was a little surprised to see the look of astonishment on her mother’s face.

The next day, her mother phoned me to say that she had never, ever, seen her daughter give anyone a hug - not even to her, and that was why she had been so amazed at her response to the treatment. She also told me that, during the evening, when her daughter had been sitting up in her bedroom dressed only in her underwear, as she was accustomed to do every night, the mother had called up to her that she was going down to the shop to make a few purchases. Instead of the OK that she expected, the girl called down to her to wait a moment while she got dressed, and she would accompany her on the walk to the shop. This was so unusual that the mother could hardly believe her ears. The daughter came down dressed, and walked to the shop and back with her, lacing her arm in her mother’s on the way back. This may sound like a very small breakthrough to many people, but the mother was moved to tears when she was telling me this.

Reflexology treats all the organs of the body through the feet, but not only this - it clears blocked energy pathways throughout the body enabling organs and glands to function properly and in a holistic way. When a blockage is removed from one area, this in turn promotes the free flow of energy to a related area, and so on. It can show benefits to the physical body or, as in this case, to the emotional body so that the heart can stimulate the brain into alternative ways of thinking or behaving. The fact that a client cannot tell us what is felt during a treatment, is therefore no indication as to the level of benefit that the treatment can bestow upon the mind, body and spirit.

Crystal Reflexology

April 9th, 2006

First select a Quartz crystal which has a very good polished/smooth single-terminated point.

Then remove socks, tights and/or footwear. Instructions below are for someone giving a crystal Reflexology treatment to a ‘client’ - but this method is just as easily administered and just as effective if you are treating yourself. Also keep in mind that stimulating reflexes on the hands will work just as well as using foot reflexes - it is really your preference!

Crystal Reflexology treatments may either be done lying on a massage couch or sitting in a comfortable chair. When using the latter method you yourself need to sit on a stool so that you can place your client’s feet upon your lap. Reflexology is basically a foot massage. Or, at least, that is the way that it is normally described!

The principles of Reflexology, of course, is that the feet consist of numerous reflex points; all of which relate to specific parts of the physical body.

An ordinary qualified Reflexologist will use his/her hands to press into every one of these reflex points and when a health problem is diagnosed the client will often feel a sharp pain and the therapist will detect a small pea-like lump just under the surface of the skin.

In crystal Reflexology, however, we do not need to be quite as precise. First, naturally, we must program our healing Quartz crystal to re-balance any imbalances which might be discovered in the client’s body as the treatment proceeds.

Using the single-terminated end of the Quartz crystal the crystal healer very gently - and without pressing too deep into the skin - starts to rotate the crystal in a clockwise direction just lightly pushing into the skin.

Starting with the soles of the left foot, the crystal is moved slowly around to the sides, lightly touching the skin all the time, and then on to the upper part of the foot. All movements should be both slow and deliberate. Make sure that you cover all the surface of the foot. Then on to the right foot……

Whenever the crystal healer obtains a reaction from the client he or she will spend a few moments directing crystalline healing energy into the appropriate reflex point.

As the crystal Reflexology treatment ends the therapist takes the Quartz crystal and lightly runs it over the entire surface of the foot; on the soles and on the upper part of both feet.

As a rough time-guide I would suggest that you spend around thirty minutes per foot but naturally this is completely flexible depending upon what you find and upon the needs of your client!

Plagued by Hiccups?

April 8th, 2006

Think you’ve tried every hiccup remedy in the book? We swear by this one: Put a straw in a 6-ounce glass of water, press the tips of your index fingers into the indentations behind your earlobes where your neck and jawbone meet, and drink through the straw.

Drink as much as you can while keeping pressure on those points. When the glass is empty, your hiccups should be gone.

Foot Massage For Health

December 10th, 2005

Foot massage or foot Reflexology has a Chinese origin. It dates back to more than 3,000 years ago and is used in the prevention and cure of many health ailments.

Some in fact say, foot massage dates back to ancient Eygyptian times due to archaeological findings in cave drawings in Egypt.

The principle of foot massage rests in the premise that the meridian network connects all tissues, organs and cells in our body. Each organ in the body is connected to a specific reflex point on the foot through the intermediary of 300 nerves. A trained foot Reflexologist can put pressure on different meridians or energy lines on the sole and side of the feet to determine the cause of illness.

By using pressure to these the reflex points, the foot massage is good for stimulating the activity internal organs, and to improve blood and lymph circulation. Thus, the top to bottom well being of a person can be made through the foot.

The principles of foot massage is not in congruence with western allopathic medicine. Western medicine merely sees the foot as a body part comprising of bones, ligaments and joints.

However, foot massage is fast gaining much popularity and acceptance as an Alternative Health treatment. Fans of foot massage believe it can cure not only Colds and minor ailments, but more serious ailments as well. These ailments include liver dysfunction, Constipation problems, chronic Headaches, skin Allergies, etc.

Like most Oriental medical techniques, foot Reflexology is a “holistic” treatment. It concentrates on treating the whole person rather than just the symptoms of one particular ailment.

While Western medicine promises speedy recovery of all unpleasant symptoms, foot Massage Therapy can be slow and gradual. A series of visits is necessary to strengthen the body and to bring the body back to balance.

A session of foot Reflexology in San Francisco, can set you back as much as US$40-100. Thus, foot Massages over a period of time, can add up in terms of costs.

However, for practitioners and believers of foot massage, the cost for good health is well worth it. The alternative would have been money spent in clinics and western hospitals for prescription drugs and perhaps, invasive Surgery.

About the Author

Caroline Colby is a publisher of information on Massage Therapy. She highly promotes Massage Therapy as a safe, holistic and effective Alternative Health therapy. For free articles, tips and news updates, please visit her site at

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