The Benefits of Activated Charcoal

May 13th, 2006

Charcoal is an amazing substance. It adsorbs more poisons than any other substance known to mankind.

It can adsorb lead acetate, strychnine, DDT, many drugs (including cocaine, iodine, penicillin, aspirin, phenobarbital), and inorganic substances (chlorine, lead, and mercury).

It can adsorb thousands of times its own weight in gases, heavy metals, poisons, and other chemicals; thus it renders them ineffective and harmless.

It can adsorb Intestinal Gas and deodorizes foul-smelling gases of various kinds.

Charcoal can do these various things because of its ability to attract other substances to its surface and hold them there. This is called “adsorption” (not absorption). Charcoal can adsorb thousands of times its own weight in harmful substances. One teaspoonful of it has a surface area of more than 10,000 square feet.

The British medical journal, Lancet, discusses the amazing ability of the human skin to allow transfer of liquids, gases, and even micro-particles through its permeable membrane and pores, by the application of moist, activated charcoal compresses and poultices which actually draw bacteria and poisons through the skin and into the poultice or compress! The article describes the use of charcoal compresses to speed the healing of wounds and eliminate their odors. But the poultices must be kept moist and warm for this Healing Process to occur.

Ancient Egyptian doctors, as well as Hippocrates (the Greek physician), recommended the use of charcoal for medicinal purposes. North American Indians used it for gas Pains and skin infections. It eases inflammation and bruises.

A 1981 research study found that activated charcoal reduces the amount of gas produced by eating beans and other gas-forming foods. It adsorbs the excess gas, along with the bacteria which form the gas.

Activated charcoal helps eliminate Bad Breath, because it cleanses both the mouth and the digestive tract. It also helps to purify the blood.

It relieves symptoms of Nervous diarrhea, traveler’s diarrhea (turista), spastic colon, Indigestion, and Peptic ulcers. For such problems, take between 1-1½ tablespoons of powdered charcoal up to 3 times a day. Because food will reduce its effectiveness, take it between meals. Swirl the charcoal in a glass of water and then drink it down; or mix it with Olive Oil and spoon it into your mouth..

Charcoal was placed in gas Masks during World War I; and it effectively counteracted poison gas.

Bad odors, caused by skin ulcers, have been eliminated by placing charcoal-filled cloth over plastic casts. It has been used externally to effectively adsorb wound secretions, bacteria, and toxins. And, in poultices and packs, it treats infections of the face, eyelids, skin, or extremities.

It is one of the best substances in poultices for mushroom poisoning, insect stings, brown recluse spider bites, black widow bites, and various types of snake bites.

It is used in water purification, air purification, and for removing undesirable odors and impurities in food.

Charcoal is the most-used remedy when many different types of poisons may have been swallowed. It is also used for diarrhea and Indigestion.

It is used for jaundice of the newborn, poison oak and ivy reactions, and many other illnesses.

All research studies show charcoal to be harmless when it is accidently inhaled, swallowed, or in contact with the skin. (But if enough is swallowed, it can cause a mild Constipation.) No Allergies to it have been reported. But it is best not to take charcoal longer than 12 weeks without stopping. Do not take it regularly for long periods of time.

Charcoal from burned toast should never be used; since substances are present which are carcinogenic. Do not eat burned food. Charcoal briquettes are especially dangerous, because petro-chemicals have been added to them.

The most effective type of charcoal is the activated form. This process renders it 2 to 3 times as effective as regular charcoal. First, the charcoal is ground very fine; and then it is placed in a steam chamber. This opens up the charcoal and exposes more of its surfaces, so it can adsorb much more.

Modern medical science uses Activated Charcoal USP, a pure, naturally produced wood charcoal carbon that has no carcinogenic properties.

It must be stored in a tightly sealed container, because it readily adsorbs impurities from the atmosphere. (Leaving the top off a container of charcoal will partially purify the room it is in, to the degree that the air in the room comes in contact with the charcoal.)

Simply place some in water, stir, and swallow. Or apply it to the skin’s surface. It is odorless and tasteless. Powdered, activated charcoal achieves maximum adsorption within a minute or so after absorption.

Charcoal can also be placed in empty gelatin capsules and swallowed. (Gelatin is usually processed from animals.) But they will act more slowly than swallowing the powder mixed with water. Charcoal can also be mixed with a little fruit juice before being swallowed; but, of course, it will adsorb that also. This should not be a problem if the juice is diluted or there is a sufficient amount of charcoal in it.

Charcoal poultices that are kept moist and warm actually draw toxins and poisons out through the skin tissue. This is because skin is a permeable membrane, which permits a variety of liquids and gases to enter and exit the body.

Make the poultice just large enough to cover the injured part. The paste may be made by mixing equal parts of flaxseed meal or corn starch with the activated charcoal, in a bowl, and then adding just enough hot water to make a moderately thick paste. Then spread the paste over a porous cloth, covering over the top with another layer of that same cloth.

Place the poultice over the area to be treated and cover it with a piece of plastic. Cover or wrap with a cloth, to hold it all in place. Secure by a tie, stretch bandage, or pin.

Apply the poultice for 1 or 2 hours. If applied at bedtime, leave it on overnight. Adsorption takes place almost immediately. When it is removed, wash or gently cleanse the area with cool water. Repeat when needed. Poultices should, at the most, be changed every 6-10 hours. Do not put charcoal directly on the broken skin; because it may cause a tatooing effect, blackening the skin for a period of time.

Activated charcoal is required by law to be part of the standard equipment on many ambulances, in case poisoning is encountered. It is the first choice of the medical profession.

Scientific experiments, conducted over a period of many years, attest to the effectiveness of charcoal as an antidote. In one experiment, 100 times the lethal dose of cobra venom was mixed with charcoal and injected into a laboratory animal. The animal was not harmed.

In other experiments, arsenic and strychnine were thoroughly mixed with charcoal and then swallowed by humans under laboratory conditions. The subjects survived, even though the poison dosages were 5 to 10 times the lethal dose.

Because medicinal drugs are chemical compounds, they are all poisons to a greater or lesser degree. Because of this, if charcoal is taken with them, or soon afterward, it will tend to adsorb and inactivate the drugs. Therefore, physicians recommend that you only take charcoal two hours before or two hours after taking a medicinal drug.

Physicians primarily use charcoal for eight different purposes. Here they are:

1 - To treat poisonous bites from snakes, spiders, and insects (38). 2 - To treat poisonings in general, as well as overdoses of aspirin, Tylenol, and other drugs. 3 - To treat some forms of dysentery, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and foot-and-mouth disease. 4 - To disinfect and deodorize wounds. 5 - To eliminate toxic by-products that cause anemia in cancer patients. 6 - To filter toxins from the blood in liver and kidney diseases. 7 - To purify blood in transfusions.

Although activated charcoal can be used as an antidote in poisoning from most drugs and chemicals, it will not be effective against the following: cyanide, alcohol, caustic alkalies (such as lye), mineral acids, or boric acids. Strong alkaline and acid poisons need to be treated with solutions with the opposite pH.

For example, until the ambulance arrives, calcium powder in water will help offset acids and vinegar will help offset alkalies. Consult a Poison Control Center (phone numbers are in the front of your phone book) or a doctor immediately, for instructions and information in any poisoning emergency.

When mixed with water and swallowed to counteract poisoning, charcoal adsorbs the poison or drug, inactivating it. It then carries it inert through the entire length of the digestive tract and out of the body. Charcoal is not absorbed, adsorbed, neutralized, nor metabolized by the body.

In a poisoning emergency, if the victim is conscious, first induce Vomiting (unless he has swallowed an acid) if it can be done quickly. Ipecac is a commonly used emetic. The dosage is ½ oz. for children and 1 oz. for adults. Induced Vomiting will bring up about 30% of the poison from the stomach.

Then give the charcoal to help inactivate the remaining 70%. The usual dose is 5-50 grams of charcoal, depending on age and body size. Adults should be given at least 30 grams (about half a cup of lightly packed powder), depending on the amount of poison ingested. Larger doses will be needed if the person has eaten a meal recently.

A dose of 200 grams (3½ cups) is not excessive in cases of severe poisoning. The charcoal will reach its maximum rate of adsorption within one minute. The sooner it is given, the more complete will be the adsorption of the poison. Always keep a large jar of activated charcoal in your kitchen! The dose can be repeated every four hours or until charcoal appears in the stool.

Never give charcoal, or anything else, to an unconscious person to swallow. Contact a physician or ambulance immediately.

Do not give charcoal before giving an emetic (to get him to vomit), because the charcoal will neutralize the emetic. Remember that charcoal will not work in cases of poisoning by strong acids or alkalies.

Here is a sampling of over 100 substances which are adsorbed by charcoal:

Acetaminophen / Aconitine / Amitriptyline / hydrochloride / Amphetamine / Antimony / Antipyrine / Arsenic / Aspirin / Atropine / Barbital, Barbiturates / Ben-Gay / Benzodiazepines / Cantharides / Camphor / Chlordane / Chloroquine / Chlorpheniramine / Chlorpromazine / Cocaine / Colchicine / Congesprin / Contact / Dalmane / Darvon / Delphinium / Diazepam / 2-, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid / Digitalis (Foxglove) / Dilantin / Diphenylhydantoin / Diphenoxylates / Doriden / Doxepin / Elaterin / Elavil / Equanil / Ergotamine / Ethchlorvynol / Gasoline / Glutethimide / Golden chain / Hemlock / Hexachlorophene / Imipramine / Iodine / Ipecac / Isoniazid / Kerosene / Lead acetate / Malathion / Mefenamic acid / Meprobamate / Mercuric chloride / Mercury / Methylene blue / Methyl salicylate / Miltown / Morphine / Multivitamins and minerals / Muscarine / Narcotics / Neguvon / Nicotine / Nortriptyline / Nytol / Opium / Oxazepam / Parathion / Penicillin / Pentazocine / Pentobarbital / Pesticides / Phenobarbital / Phenolphthalein / Phenol / Phenothiazines / Phenylpropanolamine / Placidyl / Potassium permanganate / Primaquine / Propantheline / Propoxyphene / Quinacrine / Quinidine / Quinine / Radioactive substances / Salicylamide / Salicylates / secobarbital / Selenium / Serax / Silver / Sinequan / Sodium Salicylate / Sominex / Stramonium / Strychnine / Sulfonamides / Talwin / Tofranil / Tree tobacco / Yew / Valium / Veratrine / Some silver and antimony salts / Many herbicides

Therapeutic Action: Activated Charcoal works by ADSORPTION, which is an Electrical Action, rather than Absorption, which is a Mechanical Action. Activated Charcoal ADSORBS MOST Organic and Inorganic Chemicals, that do NOT belong in the Body, but it does NOT ADSORB Nutrients!

Formula: To make an Activated Charcoal Slurry, you must:

  1. Add 1 tsp. of Activated Charcoal Powder to an 8 oz. Glass of PURE Water and stir.

NOTE: LOWER the Dosage to 1/2 tsp. or ADD Psyllium Husks, if the Person, who NEEDS help, has a tendency to become Constipated. And drink through a Straw, if the grittiness is a Problem.

Formula: To make Activated Charcoal Poultice, you must:

  1. Use EQUAL amounts of Activated Charcoal Powder with Flaxseed Meal. Blend in blender, the amount of Seed NEEDED to make the Meal.

  2. Place the 2 Powders in a dry bowl and add Water SLOWLY as you stir, mixing into a Toothpaste consistency.

NOTE: 2 tablespoons of each Powder will take approximately 5 or 6 tablespoons of Water. This amount of Poultice Paste would make a Poultice approximately 6 x 6 inches.

  1. Reach a DESIRED Consistency, that is NOT TOO WET to run all over, NOT TOO DRY to fall apart), and spread it EVENLY over a Macroporous Cloth, such as an UNBLEACHED (preferably) Paper Towel or a Cotton Cloth.

  2. Must now place the top of your Poultice “sandwich” over the Activated Charcoal laden bottom layer.

  3. Cover with a soft-type Cling Wrap (Saran Wrap).

  4. Place over DESIRED Area of the Skin to be treated (Sandwich on the Skin with the Saran Wrap over the top).

  5. Wrap Saran Wrap, a Towel, or a stretch-type (Ace) Bandage around to secure the Sandwich in place.

  6. Leave Activated Charcoal Poultice in place overnight or at least 1-2 hours, if applied during the day.

  7. Always DISCARD an Activated Charcoal Poultice after use. Do NOT REUSE it!

NOTE: The Activated Charcoal Poultice can be made SMALL by using a Bandaid or made LARGE by using a Cotton Sheet.

The Art of Poultices

May 13th, 2006

Herbal poultices were relied on in our grandparent’s day to ward off more life threatening afflictions like pleurisy, bronchitis and pneumonia. An old stand-by was the Mustard poultice which was thought to “burn out” a pulmonary infection.

The 1867 British Pharmacopoeia lists the instructions for making a Cataplasm sinapsis or poultice. Two and a half ounces of powdered linseed (flax seed) is mixed with two and a half ounces of powdered Mustard and hot water is added to make a paste. Put the linseed, into a coffee grinder for a minute to bruise the seed sufficiently to improve its drawing qualities.

Mustard can be obtained at the grocery store where it is still sold in little tin boxes. This mixture is then applied to a clean cotton cloth and placed face down on the chest over the lung and bronchial area. Do not leave it on the skin too long. Three to five minutes is enough for the first treatment. Make sure that all Mustard is washed off. Keep the patient warm during the whole process.

Between poultices, oil of Eucalyptus can be massaged on the chest, helping to disinfect the lungs. Yarrow, elderflower and Peppermint tea breaks up catarrhal congestion.

Comfrey Poultice for Broken Bones

In days of yore, Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) was called “knitbone.” It was used to help mend broken bones and fractures. The plant contains alantoin, which heals bone tissue. I have seen outstanding results when Comfrey poultices are used to heal broken hips in elderly people.

To make a Comfrey poultice, the leaves and stems should be gathered before midday, while the alkaloids are lowest in the plant. Pass them through a juicer and then remix the juice and pulp. Spread onto a piece of clean cotton, the size of the area to be healed. Place face down on the skin with towels around it to protect from staining underwear or furniture. Leave for two hours and apply twice a day for several weeks. It’s a messy, time consuming process.

Sitting still for four hours each day with a Comfrey poultice often brings complaints from the patient, but the long term results are certainly worth the trouble. It should be noted that Comfrey poultices are not advisable for healing open wounds and deep cuts as they heal the surface very quickly, possibly leaving lower layers to fester and abscess.

Kelp Soothes Arthritic Joints

The English physiomedicalist herbalist, Albert Priest, pioneered the use of kelp poultices for Arthritic joints. Because kelp (Fucus vesiculosus) contains such a wealth of trace minerals and micronutrients, it is capable of “remineralizing” joint tissue which is notoriously poor in circulation. Kelp also works on swelling, drawing out inflammation and easing pain. By supplying local nutrition for reconstruction, it gradually resolves inflammatory joint conditions locally.

Kelp plaster or poultice is made by covering a quantity of powdered kelp with cold pressed Olive Oil and allowing it to be “digested” in a warm place for 48 hours. The paste-like mixture is then spread onto a clean piece of cotton and applied to the joint face down. It is then wrapped with plastic to keep it from drying out. It can be taped in place since it must remain in contact with the skin for 24 hours or more. The patient doesn’t have to remain immobile if the plaster is firmly affixed.

After removal, the area should be further poulticed for seven or eight minutes with alternating hot and cold water poultices to flush the tissue and help remove toxins. The kelp poultices can be repeated every two days. Good results are often achieved using this method for knees and hands. But the effects will be permanent only if the patient avoids sugar, salt, refined carbohydrates and acid forming foods such as pork and beef.

The application of herbal poultices externally can be every bit as effective as taking them by mouth. Not only does the local application Concentrate the medicament precisely in the area to be healed; it also provides rapid decongestion of the area, improved local circulation, antibacterial and Scarring activity, and regenerative stimulation.

Although to our fast world of instant fixes, herbal poulticing may seem outdated and hardly worth the trouble required for preparation, it can often save time in the long run, as well as resolve infections and inflammations that may be resistant to antibiotics and antiinflammatories.

Cabbage Can Heal?

May 13th, 2006

We all know that cabbages are highly nutritious but did you know cabbage has many healing properties and can be used for many different conditions?

Cabbage juice is great for relief of all sorts of ulcers, from Peptic ulcers to skin ulcers. The juice can also be used on burns, bites, cold sores and Acne. The cabbage leaf is both soothing and antiseptic, also having the ability to draw out toxins from the skin.

A poultice can be made from cabbage leaves and used on such conditions as: wounds, burns, boils, bruises, ulcers, Blisters, stings, cold sores, shingles, and Headaches. Cabbage leaves have a good reputation for relieving sore and inflamed breast during breastfeeding. Its Anti-Inflammatory properties make it idea for relief of swollen joints.
The poultice can also be used to help soothe harsh coughs.

To make a cabbage poultice: remove the ribs from the greenest leaves, Soak in warm to hot water to soften the leaves. Crush with a rolling pin, then wrap the area using a bandage or cling wrap to hold the cabbage in place. This can be left for a few hours.

Garlic - Ways To Use For Illness and Injury

May 13th, 2006

First, go to the garden (or the grocery store) and bring home a couple bulbs of Garlic. A bulb is the golf-ball size pod of the plant, which can be separated into many Cloves—shaped like the individual wedges taken from an Orange. Break off two or three large Cloves, and lay them on your counter. Set some water on the stove to warm, and then spread out a clean washcloth or double-thick paper towel. Smack the Garlic Cloves with the bottom of a heavy glass to lightly bruise or crush them. Now the papery skin will come off easily. Take the bruised Cloves and dice them up, or smash them in a Garlic press so that the juice billows out the familiar aroma that makes you hungry for Lasagna.

Lay the 2-3 tablespoons of minced Garlic in the center of your washcloth or paper towel, and fold in the edges of the cloth, creating what I call a “poultice” or “plaster.” Place this Garlic pad in a bowl or plate and pour warm (not hot) water over it. Let it sit for 5 seconds or so, then drain and squeeze the excess water out with your hands. Apply the warm (not hot!) poultice to the chest, back, and soles of the feet (alternately) for about 60 seconds each for treatment of any virus, cold, Flu, infection, etc…

Garlic poultices can also be used for earaches—placing crushed Garlic or a Garlic poultice against the infected ear. Also, a Clove of Garlic wedged in the ear like an old fashioned hearing aid works great for earaches (but be careful not to leave too long, or you will burn the skin!)

For flesh wound infections, hold against the wound lightly for about two minutes. Repeat several times a day.

To treat eye infections, hold poultice over the tightly closed eye for about two minutes. Careful! This burns really bad if it gets in the eye.

Warm Garlic oil is also healing and comforting in an ear when there is an infection. The oil is made by adding a few drops of Olive Oil to a tiny bit of fresh crushed Garlic, let sit for a few minutes, then strain out all the Garlic and discard. The oil that goes in the ear must be free of any visible particles. You will have enough for one application of warm Garlic oil for an earache. I always make mine fresh.

Do not make it too strong, because it can burn the skin. Experiment on the inside of your arm to see how strong or how long you can leave the Garlic on your skin without it burning. It can literally blister your skin (chemical heat.)

How To Make Garlic Oil

May 13th, 2006

Therapeutic Action: Garlic is Anti-Bacterial, Anti-Viral and Anti-Fungal and Olive Oil is an Emollient. This oil can be used for abrasians, cuts, earaches and boils.

Formula: Garlic Oil is made by the following Method:

  1. Start to make the Oil, if possible, on a NEW Moon.
  2. Fill a shallow Bowl or Soup Dish with finely chopped Garlic Cloves.
  3. Pour enough RAW Organic EXTRA VIRGIN Olive Oil to COVER the Garlic.
  4. Cover the Bowel/Dish with Cheesecloth to KEEP the Dust OUT.
  5. PRESS and STRAIN OFF the Oil Mixture through Cheesecloth or Cotton Muslin Cloth on the following FULL Moon.
  6. BOTTLE it.

NOTE: Whenever taking ANY Plant Oil, such as Olive Oil, internally or using it externally, please be SURE to obtain it from an UNOPENED container, if it has NOT been REFRIGERATED! And once the container has been OPENED, then please be SURE to REFRIGERATE the Wheat Germ Oil, thus ensuring that the Oil does NOT become doing MORE HARM, than BENEFIT for the Body!!

Making and Using a Poultice

May 13th, 2006

A poultice is made of a soft, moist substance that is mixed to the consistency of a paste, and then spread on or between layers of cloth. The cloth is then placed on a body surface. Poultices act by increasing blood flow, relaxing tense muscles, soothing inflamed tissues, or drawing toxins from an infected area.

Thus, they can be used to relieve the pain and inflammation associated with abscesses; boils; bruises; carbuncles; fibrocystic disease; fractures; enlarged glands in the neck, breast or prostate; leg ulcers; sprains; sunburn; tumors; and ulcerated eyelids. They are also used to break up congestion, draw out pus, and remove embedded particles from the skin.

PROCEDURE

An herbal poultice may be made with dried or fresh Herbs. The two types of poultices are prepared in slightly different ways. (For information on choosing the best herbal poultice for your condition, as well as cautions regarding the use of specific Herbs, see Types of Poultices.

PREPARING A DRIED HERB POULTICE

If you are using dried Herbs, use a mortar and pestle to grind the Herbs to a powder. Place the Herbs in a bowl, and add enough warm water to make a thick paste that can be easily applied. Make a quantity sufficient to cover the affected area. The ratio of ground Herbs to water will vary according to the herb being used. Add the water in small increments, just until the mixture is thick but not stiff.

Arrange a clean piece of gauze, muslin, linen, or white cotton sheeting on a clean, flat surface. The material should be large enough to cover the affected area completely. Spread the herbal paste over the cloth. Cleanse the affected area with hydrogen peroxide, and place the poultice over the area. Wrap a towel or plastic wrap around the poultice to prevent the soiling of clothes or sheets. Use a pin or other fastener to secure the poultice in place.

PREPARIING A FRESH HERB POULTICE

If using fresh Herbs for your poultice, place 2 ounces of the whole herb - about 1/2 cup - and 1 cup of water in a small saucepan. Simmer for 2 minutes. Do not drain.

Arrange a clean piece of gauze, muslin, linen, or white cotton sheeting on a clean, flat surface. The material should be large enough to cover the affected area completely. Pour the herbal solution over the cloth. Cleanse the affected area with hydrogen peroxide, and place the poultice over the area. Wrap a towel or plastic wrap around the poultice to prevent the soiling of clothes or sheets. Use a pin or other fastener to secure the poultice in place.

TREATMENT DURATION

Herbal poultices should be kept in place for 1 to 24 hours, as needed. During this period, you may experience a throbbing pain as the poultice draws out infection and neutralizes toxins. When the pain subsides, you will know that the poultice has accomplished its task and should be removed. Apply fresh poultices as needed until the desired level of healing has been reached. Wash the skin thoroughly after each poultice is removed.

TYPES OF POULTICES

By making your poultice with the appropriate Herbs or other substances, you will help ensure that the treatment is effective. Herbs commonly used in poultices are listed below, along with the conditions for which they are appropriate.

Note that when the mixture used to make the poultice contains an irritant, such as Mustard, it should not come into direct contact with the skin, but should be placed between pieces of cloth.

Chaparral, Dandelion, and Yellow Dock: Can be used to treat Skin Disorders such as Acne, Eczema, itchy or Dry Skin, Psoriasis, and Rashes. You can use one herb, or combine two or three. The greatest benefit will be obtained from using all three. Use chaparral only if you grow it yourself or purchase it from a reputable Organic grower.

Elderberry: Can relieve pain associated with hemorrhoids.

Fenugreek, Flaxseed, and Slippery Elm: Can be combined to treat inflammation. Slippery elm can also be used alone for the inflamed gangrenous sores often associated with Diabetes, and for leg ulcers. The use of a slippery elm poultice upon the appearance of sores and ulcers can help prevent gangrene.

Slippery Elm and Lobelia: Can be used to treat abscesses, blood poisoning and Rheumatism.

Goldenseal: Is good for inflammations of all kinds.

Lobelia and Charcoal: Charcoal is available in health food stores. These are combined and used to treat insect bites, bee stings, and almost all wounds.

Lobelia and Slippery Elm: Combined to treat abscesses, blood poisoning, and Rheumatism.

Mullein: Is used for inflamed hemorrhoids, lung disorders, Mumps, Tonsillitis, and Sore Throat. To make the poultice, mix 4 parts Mullein with 1 part hot apple cider vinegar and 1 part water.

Mustard: This is beneficial for inflammation, lung congestion, and swelling, and can help Relax tense muscles. Because Mustard is an irritant, place the mixture between 2 pieces of cloth, rather than placing it in direct contact with the skin.

Onion: Is good for ear infections, and for boils and sores that have difficulty healing. To make this poultice, place finely chopped onion between 2 pieces of cloth, rather than placing it in direct contact with the skin.

Pau d’arco, Ragweed, and Wood Sage: Can be combined and used to treat tumors and external cancers.

Poke Root: Is good for an inflamed or sore breast.

Sage: Like poke root, can help relieve breast inflammation and soreness.

Basic Candle Making

May 7th, 2006

It is really not that difficult to make your own basic Candles! If you are going to be performing any spells or rituals using Candles, then to make your own is a good idea, as the Candles will pick up your vibrations & will be more pure than ones you buy in a shop, as no-one else has handled them. But always remember, Safety first! Never leave hot wax unattended, always use heat proof gloves when handling container/pot that wax is in & make Candles at a time when young children are not around.Alway ensure that you have a good amount of working space as well, to minimise the danger of accidents.

WHAT YOU’LL NEED FOR BASIC Candle MAKING

Wax - Paraffin wax is good, Colour - dyes or a cheap alternative is Children’s crayons ( the thicker one are better! ), Wick - you can buy these or make your own by dipping thick string or thin cord into warm wax. Leave to dry on grease-proof paper. Mould - You can buy these from craft stores, or use an old can, as a cheap alternative! A Container for the wax - A double boiler is best to heat the wax in, but failing that, put the wax into an old coffee tin, then into a saucepan filled with water to heat it ( make sure the water doesn’t come up further than your tin though! )

A Thermometer You have to keep the temperature of the wax below 375 degrees, as to over-heat wax is very dangerous indeed, the fumes from over-heated wax can lead to illness as well as the danger of severe burns from boiling wax! Ideally for safety, try to keep the wax under 200 degrees, as this is more than sufficient! Mold release agent - This is necessary to easily & safely remove your Candle from the mold. You can use a silicone spray or cooking spray oil for this. Wooden spoon - to stir the wax Scissors Pencils - You will need one for eah Candle you are making to hold the wick.

MAKING THE Candle

Heat the double boiler or saucepan of water to a high enough heat to melt wax & add the wax to your carrier. Start to melt the wax, ensuring with the thermometer that it is well within the temperature guidelines! Stir the melting wax with a wooden spoon. While the wax is begining to melt, spray the mould with the silicone spray or the cooking oil spray.Leave the mould to one side for later use. Kepp stirring the wax with the wooden spoon softly until it is completely melted. Add colouring, one drop at a time until you build up to a colour that you like ( you can always add more colour, but not so easy to take colour away, so one drop at a time! ) or if you are using crayons, dip the crayons into the wax ( be very careful as you do this! ) .

Now get your wick/wicks. Tie one end of the wick to the middle of the pencil, & gently drop the wick into the mould containg, trying to get the wick to be in the centre of the mould if possible, resting thepencil on top of the mould. ( if you are using a Candle mould, then sometimes there is a little hole at the bottom to feed the wick through, this centres the wick, but you must remember to seal the whole after the wick has been thread through. Use a small peice of putty or Blu-Tak to do this! & ensure that the wick is taut! ) It is now time to pour the HOT wax into the mould/moulds. Use oven gloves or other suitable safety equipment to lift the wax carrier from the water, & take great care to gently pour into the mould / moulds.

Fill the mould until it comes up to 1 inch before the top of the mould. You must leave this space. Leave the wax to harden for at least several hours, preferably over-night, in a safe place out of the reach of children. Do not try to remove the Candle from the mould until you are absolutely sure it has hardened completely! Once it is ready, tip the mould upside down & thanks to the release agent, it should then slide out easily.

OTHER Candle IDEAS

While you are adding the colouring, you could also try adding a scent to your Candle! Herbs & Spices are good for this as are the Vanilla & mint oils usually used as cooking ingredients! You can also drop hings into the wax when it has melted & before pouring into the mould. Leaves are very good for this, as are sea shells, this adds a nice touch to Candles you may wish to give as presents!

Basic Perfume Making

May 6th, 2006

The strength of your aromatic liquid depends upon the ratio of Essential Oil to water and alcohol. Perfume is the strongest formulation and should comprise 15 to 30 per cent Essential Oil with the remaining 85 to 70 per cent being between 90 to 95 per cent alcohol and 10 to 5 % water. This is shown more clearly on the chart that follows:

Type of Aromatic Liquid / % of Oil / % of Alcohol

Perfume / 15-30 / 90-95

Eau de perfume / 8-15 / 80-90

Eau de toilette / 4-8 / 80-90

Eau de cologne /3-5 / 70

Splash cologne / 1-3 / 80

The Essential Oils should be used neat - that is to say, they shouldn’t be diluted in vegetable oils or anything else. Perfume always contains a percentage of water, even if this is as little as 5 per cent of the whole, and you should use distilled water (available from pharmacies)

Here is the recommended list of base notes for feminine perfumes or colognes. As you can see, these are usually roots, gums or resins:

Feminine Base Notes: Balsam de Tolu, Balsam de Peru, Benzoin, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Frankincense, Guaiacwood, Heliotrope, Labdanum, Melliot, Myrrh, Oakmoss, Olibanum, Opoponax, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Styrax, Tonkabean, Vanilla, Vetiver

Next we have the oils which are found in either base or middle notes; they could make good bridges between the two - depending upon your overall formula, of course.

Feminine Oils - Base or Middle Notes: Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Frankincense, Heliotrope, Myrrh, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Styrax, Vetiver

Feminine Oils - Middle Notes: Carnation, Cassia, Clary-Sage, Clove bud, Geranium, Ginger, Hyacinth, Jasmine, Jonquil, Lemongrass, Linden, Marjoram, Mimosa, Narcissus, Neroli, Nutmeg, Orchid, Oriental Rose, Pahna rosa, Pimento berry, Pine needle, Rosa cendfolia, Rose Rosewood (Bois de Rose), Thyme, Tuberose, Violet flower, Ylang-Ylang.

Feminine Oils - Middle or Top Notes: Bay, Cassis, Clary-Sage, Hyacinth, Marjoram, Mimosa, Nutmeg, Neroli, Palmarosa, Rosewood, Thyme.

Top notes are the most volatile - that is to say, they evaporate the most quickly and are, therefore, the ones you smell first of all. They gradually evaporate and leave the middle notes which eventually fade and reveal the base notes. You could think of the whole process as a love affair: the top notes represent the excitement of love at first sight, the middle notes (or ‘heart notes’ as they are known in the perfume trade) grow on the heart, and the basic notes make it a long-lasting affair.

One reverses this order when actually making the perfume, so that the top notes are your final flourish, so to speak. Use several essences, or just one, from each list to formulate your own perfume - and, we hope, love affair!

Feminine Top Notes: Angelica, Anise, Armoise, Basil, Bergamot, Cardamom, Chamomile Roman, Coriander, Cumin, Estragon, Galbanum, Juniper berry, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Marigold, Neroli, Petitgrain, Tagetes, Spearmint

The exact formulas of the world’s most famous perfumes are a dosely guarded secret but we do know a little about them. Joy, from Jean Patou, advertised as ‘the costliest perfume in the world’, contains Rose and Jasmine - but what else and in what proportions remains a fact locked away in a Swiss bank.

Arpege, by Lanvin, is a blend containing Rose, Jasmine, iris, lily of the valley, Vetiver and sandal-wood - and more besides. Jicky, a perfume that suits both men and women with its sporty scent, contains Lavender, lemon and Bergamot - and that’s as much as we know.

But perfumes are usually composed of several ingredients and their base, middle and top notes are themselves quite complex concoctions.

When making colognes for men follow the same procedures as for making perfume, although the concentration of essences will be far less.

Male Oils - Base Notes: Bay, Benzoin, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Frankincense, Moss, Myrrh, Oakmoss, Olibanum, Sandalwood, Styrax, Tonkabean, Vanilla, Vetiver

Male Oils - Base to Middle Notes: Bay, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Myrrh, Patchouli, Pimento berry, Sandalwood, Vetiver.

Male Oils - Middle Notes: Angelica, Anise, Artemisia, Basil, Caraway, Cardamom, Carnation, Carrot, Clary-Sage, Clove, Coriander, Cumin, Galbanum, Geranium, Ginger, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Mandarin, Marjoram, Neroli, Nutmeg, Oregano, Orris Root, Pepper (black), Peppermint, Pettigraine, Pine, Rose, Rosemary, Rosewood, Sage, Tarragon, Thyme, Ylang-Ylang.

Male Oils - Middle to Top Notes: Angelica, Basil, Bay, Caraway, Clary-Sage, Coriander, Lavender, Marjoram, Nutmeg, Oregano, Pepper (black), Pimento berry, Rosemary, Rosewood, Tarragon, Thyme.

Male Oils - Top Notes: Anise, Artemisia, Bergamot, Cedar leaf, Cumin, Galbanum, Juniper, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Neroli Orange, Peppermint, Pettigraine, Sage Verbena.

You can see from the preceding lists that fragrances one might consider to be exclusively ‘feminine’ actually feature very strongly in male preparations. The difference between male and female fragrances does of course depend largely on the ingredients, and by scanning the male and female lists you can see where these differences lie.

But another important factor is the proportion of each oil used, and to come to a fragrance that perfectly suits you will be a matter of experimentation. Although the marketing of male products relies heavily on macho images such as the Martial Arts and predatory animals, the fact of the matter is that the products themselves contain delicate ingredients such as Lavender, Bergamot, lemon, Lime, Orange, Jasmine, carnation and Geranium.

As with the female products, these are, of course, used in addition to synthetic and animal products, which by making our own we are going to do without.

First make your Concentrate using the information that has gone before or following one of these formulas:

Eau de Cologne Formulas

FORMULA - 1

Bergamot 10drops Rosemary 2 drops Lemon 10 drops Orange 2 drops Orange 20 drops Neroli 2 drops<

FORMULA - 2

Rose 4 drops Lemon 2 drops Orange 2 drops Basil 1 drop Neroli 1 drop Pettigraine 1 drop Bergamot 2 drops

FORMULA - 3

Palma Rosa 10 drops Orange 8 drops Pettigraine 3 drops Lime 2 drops Geranium 1 drop

Pour your Essential Oils into 70ml of 100 per cent proof vodka, stirring slowly but long enough to ensure complete dispersal. Leave it to stand for forty-eight hours and then add 30ml spring water and, again, stir slowly but enough to ensure a thorough mixing is taking place.

The mixture should be left to stand now for at least another forty-eight hours, but the fragrance will be much stronger if you follow the procedures of the perfume trade and leave the liquid for four to six weeks.

After letting the liquid mature, for however long you decide that shall be, pour it through a paper coffee filter and bottle. If you find the aroma too strong, the eau de cologne can be further diluted by adding more spring water and mixing well.

Make Your Own Potpourri and Sachets

April 30th, 2006

You can use almost anything in your garden to make an aromatic potpourri mixture. Traditionally, potpourri is a mixture of dried flowers and other ingredients, placed in open containers, like small bowls or cups and placed to allow their aroma to delicately scent the room.

Sachets are usually small cloth “Pillows” containing potpourri, which can be used almost anywhere. Sachets have the advantage of being portable, you can place them in drawers, pin them to Pillows, or carry them in your purse wherever you go.

Generally, potpourri ingredients should not be finely ground, Petals of flowers should be lightly crushed. Ingredients such as Cinnamon sticks or Orange peels should be broken into small pieces or finely chopped.

Some flowers that are especially good to use in potpourri are roses, carnations, hibiscus, violets, sunflowers, and lavendar. Some Herbs that work well in potpourri are Chamomile, Lavender, Thyme, Sage and Rosemary. Eucalyptus leaves are a nice addition to any potpourri. You shouldn’t limit yourself to this list however. Experiment, use your imagination and whatever you have at hand.

For all the following recipes, start with bone dry flowers, leaves, Herbs and Spices.

POTPOURRI RECIPES:

Essence of Rose

Ingredients:

Gently combine Petals and leaves in a large bowl. Scatter drops of Rose oil over the mixture using an eyedropper. Stir gently. Place mixture in a brown paper bag lined with wax paper. Fold and seal the bag with a paper clip and leave in a dry, dark, cool place for 2 weeks. Every other day, stir the contents gently to blend and disperse ingredients and scents. Place in glass bowls or candy dishes. Top with small white or pink Rose buds.

Floral 1

Combine 3/4 cup Calamus root, 1/2 cup Caraway seeds, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 2 cups Lavender flowers, 1 cup Marjoram, 1 cup mint, 2 cups Rose leaves, 1/2 cup Rosemary and 1/4 cup Thyme. Mix well.

Floral 2

Combine

Spice

Combine 1/4 cup orrisroot, 4 cups Lavender flowers, 3 cups Patchouli, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 1 cup deerstongue leaves and 1/2 cup ground allspice. Add 10 drops oil of Rose, 10 drops oil of Lavender, 12 drops oil of Neroli and 1/4 tsp. oil of Sandalwood. Mix well.

Cassie

Combine 4 cups cassie flowers, 1/4 cup orrisroot powder and 1/2 cup starch. Mix well.

Pine

Combine:

  • 1/2 cup bayberry leaves
  • 1/2 cup snipped Balsam needles
  • 1/2 cup miniature Pine cones
  • 1/2 cup Rose hips
  • 2 tsp Orris Root
  • 2 drops Pine-scented fixative

Mix the bayberry, Balsam, Pine cones and Rose hips in a large bowl. Add the orrisroot and fixative and stir gently. This makes a great Christmas potpourri!

More stuff…

Processed Corn Cob Additive - Put some ground corn cob material (sold as cellulose, or litter material at your Walmart or pet store) in a jar. Add several drops of Essential Oil, place lid on jar and shake. Shake jar about once every day or so for about 10 days. Add it to your potpourri to give body and help hold the scent.

Potpourri Filler - If you don’t have enough dried flowers to make potpourri, or if you just need some filler, remember you can use almost anything in your mixture. Pine cones (whole or just the Petals), bark, leaves, etc. Orris Root is commonly used as a filler/fixative. Another alternative is to buy a “Filler”. Check out this product from The Flower Petal SACHETS

A sachet is simply potpourri in a fabric container, such as a small bag or Pillow. Sachets can be made from almost any material. Fabrics that breathe well are best, so that the scent of the sachet can escape into the air. Good fabrics to use are cotton, linen, silk, and muslin.

One very simple idea is to buy old lace handkerchiefs at garage sales or flea markets. Put a few spoonfuls of your potpourri mixture into the center of the handkerchief, draw up the ends, and tie with a ribbon to make a small pouch.

Another simple sachet can be made using any old fabric. Cut a small rectangular strip about 4″ x 11″. Fold in half (wrong side out) and stitch up both sides. Turn inside out. (If you don’t sew, you can use fabric glue instead!) Spoon in potpourri mixture, filling pouch about 1/2 way. Gather at the top of the mixture and tie with a ribbon.

Incense Making Tips

April 26th, 2006

1.Be sure all Herbs,Spices,peels,and flowers are completely dry. 2.All dry ingredients must be ground into a fine powder. 3.Mix all ingredients in a small glass container with a clean stick or your fingers. 4.Let the Incense stand over night to dry. 5.Store any unused Incense in a tightly capped glass jar,away from light. 6.These incenses need self-igniting charcoal. Check the classified ads.Or,in a pinch,you might try to smolder some in a small,heavy pan on top of your stove. 7.Most important,for best results,try to blend your energies with the Incense as you prepare and use it.



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