Benefits of Aromatherapy and Massage

May 2nd, 2006

Alzheimer’s and Dementia

As well as using the therapeutic properties of the oils themselves, Aromatherapy and massage can be used to promote relaxation, lower Anxiety and add to the quality of life for people suffering from Dementia. Massage has been used successfully to help reduce the effects of aggression (Snyder 1995), and disturbed behaviour in individuals with severe Dementia (Brooker et al. 1997).

There is also much work being done into smell-memory to help with maintaining and reinforcing the short term memory process which is the most distressing symptoms of Dementia-related illnesses.

People with Dementia often feel confused and anxious - a gentle hand massage can evoke feelings of comfort and safety, particularly if used with a favourite scent reminiscent of childhood or their favourite perfume.

Antifungal action

Tea Tree has been proven to be effective in the treatment of Acne, athletes foot, and onychomycosis nail infections (Bassett et al. 1990 and Duck et al. 1994).

Arthritis

Massage has an immediate effect on reducing cortisone levels (stress-related hormone) in children with juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis, and also lowered their self and parental assessed perceived pain levels over a 30 day massage programme (Field et al. 1997).

Asthma

A 20 minute massage routine every day before bedtime has been found to improve the pulmonary function of children with Asthma (Field et al. 1997 c)

Autism

Massage Therapy can help with touch sensitivity, attention to sounds and tasks, and with pupil-teacher interaction (Field et al. (a)1997).

Many people with severe learning disabilities have a dysfunctional sensory system (Hatch-Rasmussen 1995, p1).

Autistic individuals are more than likely to rely on only one style of learning (Edelson 1999, p1), either visually, auditory, hands-on, or tactile. The experience of massage stimulates all the senses to help reinforce the learning process through tactile (touch); auditory (background music); olfactory (smell) and the tactile experience (the Interactive Sequence). It helps make the recipient feel safe and comfortable, enables the building of a relationship, and can initiate the process of developing effective communication.

Cancer and palliative care

Previously it was thought that massage was inappropriate for Cancer patients as it would ’spread’ the Cancer. Nowadays, aromatherapy and massage are used alongside conventional medicine to help treat nausea, promote relaxation, and improve quality of life, particularly in palliative care.

The Marie Curie Cancer Care centre in London has conducted clinical trials showing statistically significant improvement in Cancer patients receiving massage with an Essential Oil (Internet health library Cancer Research No date).

Complementary therapies including aromatherapy massage have a positive role to play in managing fatigue and Anxiety in Cancer patients (Maguire 1995).

The Essential Oils Lavender, Marjoram and Roman Chamomile (no botanical names available) have also been used with massage to significantly help relaxation and Anxiety levels in palliative care among 69 individuals self-assessing the benefits of a trial in palliative care (Evans 1995, Wilkinson 1995).

Unspecified oils with massage have also been shown to help with short term pain relief in Cancer patients (Weinrich et al. 1990).

Challenging behaviour

Some people with learning disabilities are very difficult to reach, particularly those with no verbal language skills, severe learning disabilities or an Autistic spectrum disorder. Aromatherapy and massage can be used to facilitate communication, help to build relationships, reduce difficult and self stimulating behaviour, and offer more meaningful communication. The lack of appropriate tactile stimulation can contribute towards excessive self-stimulating and challenging behaviour. (McCray 1978).

The relaxation produced during a massage session can help to reduce challenging behaviour by reducing Anxiety and stress levels (Bijou 1996). For clients with profound and multiple handicaps, massage and the use of aromatic oils can stimulate the senses and add to quality of life.

Healing

Due to their chemical make-up, Essential Oils have many natural antibiotic, antifungal, Antiseptic and antiviral properties.

The use of appropriate oils applied with massage can help relieve aching joints and contribute towards mobility and skin integrity (Hitchen 1993).

Some Essential Oils and Carrier Oils are particularly suitable for use with dry or mature skin. Essential Oils and massage can also help eliminate Toxins from the body by stimulating Circulation and lymphatic drainage (McGuinness 1998).

Interaction

Aromatherapy and massage offer an ideal medium with which to achieve some of the intensive interaction sequences outlined in Hewett et al. (1993) ‘Access to Communication’. Hewett outlines a method of working with the severely disabled and withdrawn client by meeting them first on their terms, slowly bringing them out by interacting at an enjoyable level to encourage participation and communication. Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The oral intake of Peppermint oil has been shown to help people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Dew et al. 1984).

Pain relief

Research has shown that Lavender oil (Angustifolia) can reduce pain (Wollfson et al. 1992), and can also be used to reduce stress and Anxiety (Buckle 1993).

A 20 minute foot massage using Lavender oil with intensive and coronary care patients showed a reduction in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and perceived pain (Wollfson et al. 1992).

Lower back pain can also be immediately helped with lower back massage (Ernst 1999), and Lavender oil (unspecified) has been show to reduced perennial discomfort over a 5 day period of use after Childbirth (Dale et al. 1994).

Relaxation

Through using EEG testing, the Essential Oils of Ylang Ylang and Rosemary have been shown to influence Alpha-wave activity (Alpha-waves are induced by relaxation), Rosemary suppressing activity, while Ylang Ylang causing an increase - in line with the direction expected by their anticipated therapeutic properties (Jacob 2000).

Sedation

The sedative effects of Lavender inhalation (non specified species) have been proven in work by Buchbauer et al. 1991, and 1993) when investigating the linalool content. Linalool is a terpenoid constituent that his lipophilic (interacts with cell membranes to suppress cell action (Teuscher et al. 1990), the effects being mildly sedative in nature.

Stress and relaxation

Aromatherapy massage has long been used to help promote relaxation and treat stress - many illnesses of the mind and body are a result of inability to cope with stress therefore aromatherapy has much to contribute in maintaining health both physically and psychologically.

Massage will relax both the mind and body - massaging with Essential Oils enables relaxation and a feeling of well-being inevitable leading to a reduction in stress and Anxiety. Clients will also benefit from the therapeutic relationship with their therapist. Friction from massage on the skin can stimulate or relax the body muscles (depending on the sort of massage and oils used), increase blood flow to peripheral areas, lower blood pressure and heart beat.

Massage with Neroli has been shown to have a significant psychological benefit when used over a 5-day period with post cardiac surgery patients (Stevenson 1994).

Touch

Touch is a way of connecting, exchanging information, and building a relationship - this forms the basis of all communication and is central to our work with all people who have severe learning difficulties (Sanderson et al. 1997).

Touch and smell are vital in order to understand the environment. They are also a basic behavioural need. Touch contributes towards a multi-sensory approach to help those with sensory impairment. It is supportive and comforting; it can help develop trust and relationships, so adding to quality of life (Nind et al. 1998).

The RCCM gives dozens of abstracts and references for research on touch (http://www.rccm.org.uk/massagetouch.htm)

Trust

Massage can also be used as a way of building up a relationship and developing trust between a client with learning disabilities and a key worker. Sanderson et al. (1997) talks about ‘interactive massage’ with people who have learning disabilities (page 7, 74 and 77) where massage is used as a communication tool to share, learn to trust, and help release emotions.

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The Essential Oils

May 1st, 2006

Basil (P, SS) Eases mental fatigue, stimulates poor memory and enhances alterness…. beneficial as a digestive aid…. relieves headache pain

Bergamot (SS, S) Great for nervous/depressed emotions…. Antiseptic for skin conditions… regulates appetite…assists convalescence

Cedar, Himalayan (P, SS) A very calming oil…eases Bronchitis and respiratory ailments…combats cellulite

Chamomile, Roman Aids skin conditions… eases Migraines…relieves Insomnia..soothing..anti-inflammatory use as a compress for ear-aches

Clary Sage (P) Avoid if Epileptic avoid alcohol, it may exaggerate the effects Produces vivid dreams …eases Migraines balances female hormones….eases menstrual discomfort /PMS/ Menopause… retards excessive Perspiration

Eucalyptus (P) Stimulating…anti-viral.. eases respiratory ailments…soothes Sore Muscles and sunburn pain… anti-bacterial properties inhibit spread of infection when used in a Diffuser

Frankincense Meditative.. tightens and tones skin… anti-aging.. stimulates cell regeneration… sooths and calms nerves… treats Urinary Tract Infection.. anti-bacterial

Geranium, Rose Regenerates and rejujinates skin cells and tissue.. anti-cellulite….eases stress.. balances hormone problems during Menopause..relieves PMS

Ginger (SS) Relief from Arthritis pain, sprians, muscle aches and pains… keeps sport muscles supple… eases Motion Sickness, hangovers, jet lag… sexual tonic

Grapefruit (S) Reduces cellulite & Water Retention … helps obesity…. relieves Hot Flashes and PMSAntidepressant

Jasmine Absolute (P) Aphrodisiac.. long-lasting scent.. elevates spirits.. decreases Depression/nervous Tension.. strengthens male reproductive system … aids impotency… physically/ emotionally relaxing

Lavender treats Insomnia… anti-bacterial for skin rashes and burns.. eases pain of insect bites and stings… relieves Headaches and Migraines.. calming .. mild enough for children

Lemon (S) refreshing stimulant.. astringent and anti-septic.. tonic to the lymphatic and digestive systems… conditions skin and nails… anti-aging agent

Lemongrass (SS) energizes… great for exhaustion.. beneficial in treating digestion and stomach gas.. good for stimulating, deoderizing foot baths .. insect repellant

Neroli anti-Anxiety.. Antidepressant… gentle sedative for Insomnia… eases palpitaions …Hypnotic/ euphoric.. smooths skin, Stretch Marks and Scar tissue.. anti wrinkle… anti-spasmotic

Orange (SS, S) mild sedative for Anxiety and Depression… plumps up aging and dry skin.. calming to overcome sadness…

Patchouli sensual rejuvinator.. prevents wrinles and chapped skin .. anti-aging..curbs appetite ..anti-bacterial

Peppermint (P, SS) do not use before bedtime very awakening and stimulating… treats nasea and Indigestion … eases Travel Sickness

Rose Absolute heart warming Aphrodisiac… relieves sexual debilities.. frigidity/impotency.. treats anorexia.. elevating to the mind.. confidence improving.. creates a sense of peaceful well-being

Rosemary increases sensitivity…increases creativity.. lifts exhaustion… awakens your heart

Sandalwood Aphrodisiac… aids awareness and Meditation… peaceful and inspiring

Tea Tree (SS) strengthens the Immune System… powerful anti-viral.. anti-bacterial.. anti-fungal

Vetiver good for stress and nervous Tension… calming and balancing… treats dry, mature, irritated skin… aids in Rheumatism.. Circulation tonic

Ylang Ylang (SS) most euphoric Aphrodisiac..sexual energy .. relaxes body, mind and spirit… aniti-depressant… relieves palpitations and Anxiety

Key to symbols: * P - avoid during Pregnancy * S - may iritate sun-exposed skin * SS - may irritate sensitive skin

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

Make Your Own Potpourri and Sachets

April 30th, 2006

You can use almost anything in your garden to make an aromatic potpourri mixture. Traditionally, potpourri is a mixture of dried flowers and other ingredients, placed in open containers, like small bowls or cups and placed to allow their aroma to delicately scent the room.

Sachets are usually small cloth “pillows” containing potpourri, which can be used almost anywhere. Sachets have the advantage of being portable, you can place them in drawers, pin them to pillows, or carry them in your purse wherever you go.

Generally, potpourri ingredients should not be finely ground, petals of flowers should be lightly crushed. Ingredients such as Cinnamon sticks or Orange peels should be broken into small pieces or finely chopped.

Some flowers that are especially good to use in potpourri are roses, carnations, hibiscus, violets, sunflowers, and lavendar. Some Herbs that work well in potpourri are Chamomile, Lavender, Thyme, Sage and Rosemary. Eucalyptus leaves are a nice addition to any potpourri. You shouldn’t limit yourself to this list however. Experiment, use your imagination and whatever you have at hand.

For all the following recipes, start with bone dry flowers, leaves, Herbs and Spices.

POTPOURRI RECIPES:

Essence of Rose

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup pink Rose petals
  • 1/2 cup red Rose petals
  • 1/2 cup white Rose petals
  • 1/4 cup Chamomile flowers
  • 1/2 cup crushed statice (Blue or white)
  • 1/4 cup Eucalyptus leaves
  • 1/4 cup oakmoss
  • 20 drops Rose oil

Gently combine petals and leaves in a large bowl. Scatter drops of Rose oil over the mixture using an eyedropper. Stir gently. Place mixture in a brown paper bag lined with wax paper. Fold and seal the bag with a paper clip and leave in a dry, dark, cool place for 2 weeks. Every other day, stir the contents gently to blend and disperse ingredients and scents. Place in glass bowls or candy dishes. Top with small white or pink Rose buds.

Floral 1

Combine 3/4 cup Calamus root, 1/2 cup caraway seeds, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 2 cups Lavender flowers, 1 cup Marjoram, 1 cup mint, 2 cups Rose leaves, 1/2 cup Rosemary and 1/4 cup Thyme. Mix well.

Floral 2

Combine

Spice

Combine 1/4 cup orrisroot, 4 cups Lavender flowers, 3 cups Patchouli, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 1 cup deerstongue leaves and 1/2 cup ground allspice. Add 10 drops oil of Rose, 10 drops oil of Lavender, 12 drops oil of Neroli and 1/4 tsp. oil of Sandalwood. Mix well.

Cassie

Combine 4 cups cassie flowers, 1/4 cup orrisroot powder and 1/2 cup starch. Mix well.

Pine

Combine:

  • 1/2 cup bayberry leaves
  • 1/2 cup snipped balsam needles
  • 1/2 cup miniature Pine cones
  • 1/2 cup Rose hips
  • 2 tsp orris root
  • 2 drops Pine-scented fixative

Mix the bayberry, balsam, Pine cones and Rose hips in a large bowl. Add the orrisroot and fixative and stir gently. This makes a great Christmas potpourri!

More stuff…

Processed Corn Cob Additive - Put some ground corn cob material (sold as cellulose, or litter material at your Walmart or pet store) in a jar. Add several drops of Essential Oil, place lid on jar and shake. Shake jar about once every day or so for about 10 days. Add it to your potpourri to give body and help hold the scent.

Potpourri Filler - If you don’t have enough dried flowers to make potpourri, or if you just need some filler, remember you can use almost anything in your mixture. Pine cones (whole or just the petals), Bark, leaves, etc. Orris root is commonly used as a filler/fixative. Another alternative is to buy a “Filler”. Check out this product from The Flower Petal SACHETS

A sachet is simply potpourri in a fabric container, such as a small bag or pillow. Sachets can be made from almost any material. Fabrics that breathe well are best, so that the scent of the sachet can escape into the air. Good fabrics to use are cotton, linen, silk, and muslin.

One very simple idea is to buy old lace handkerchiefs at garage sales or flea markets. Put a few spoonfuls of your potpourri mixture into the center of the handkerchief, draw up the ends, and tie with a ribbon to make a small pouch.

Another simple sachet can be made using any old fabric. Cut a small rectangular strip about 4″ x 11″. Fold in half (wrong side out) and stitch up both sides. Turn inside out. (If you don’t sew, you can use fabric glue instead!) Spoon in potpourri mixture, filling pouch about 1/2 way. Gather at the top of the mixture and tie with a ribbon.

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

The Sense of Smell

April 29th, 2006

Disturbed vibrations occur in the body as a precursor of illness. Vibrational healing restores the body’s healthy vibrations. Essential Oils can be used to balance the subtle energy flows in the body.

We are surrounded by vibrations at all times. Our ears are tuned to receive sound vibrations, our eyes focus on vibrations of light which allow us to see colour, and our noses detect vibrations of aromatic molecules which allow us to become aware of scents. The most important ingredient in the Aromatherapy treatment is the Essential Oil.

Aromatherapists and perfumeries use musical language to describe scents. We talk of Essential Oils being a top, middle, and base note. About a century ago, a perfumery named Piesse arranged scents on a stave, or musical scale, and this went some way to describing the vibration of scents.

Aromas were also described by colour. Scents can be described as ‘green’ or ‘Blue’ or perhaps ‘vivid red’, and we mix scents as we would, colour on an artist’s palette.

Historically, the sense of smell has always been important to man and to his survival. A Newborn baby recognises his mother mainly by scent until his eyesight improves and he learns to focus.

To early man, his sense of smell was every bit as important as what it is to animals. Humans and animals alike emit pheromones (from the Greek ‘pherein’ to carry and ‘hormon’ to excite) which attract, repel, identify or mark territory.

Human pheromones are chemicals manufactured by the apocrine glands and radiated into the air around us. The scent of these are detected by the people in our immediate vicinity and play a large part in sexual attraction. Although we are all radiate pheromones and react to other people’s pheromones, this function takes place on a subconscious level.

As the pheromones we produce are affected by fluctuations in other hormone levels, they can indicate our emotional state. For instance, the surge of adrenalin produced in times of Anxiety can produce a smell of fear. Animals are highly receptive to scents and can easily detect emotion in humans.

Apocrine glands are also located on the soles of the feet and pheromone molecules can remain on the ground for up to two weeks. Primitive tribes have, until comparatively recently, detected the proximity of other people by sniffing the ground.

It is only the process of ‘civilisation’ that has blunted our sense of smell and with it our innate knowledge that scents produce profound responses within us.

Although early man used his sense of smell for survival and reproduction in much the same way as other animals, our present culture pays little attention to the sense of smell in its natural, emotional, feeling sense. We mainly use the sense of smell in a cosmetic way. Spraying and powdering ourselves to remove or mask our natural scents. We have for so long subdued our senses by the constraints of reason and the rational mind, that we have lost touch with our spiritual nature. We no longer give freedom to the inner, unseen realms of the mind and the subtle communications of the psyche.

The importance of the effects of scents on the human psyche has been gradually eroded. At one time, Incense was burned on temple altars on a daily basis (it is still used today as an important part of some religious services); fragrant Herbs and flowers were strewn on the floor of a dwelling. Odours were often associated with illness and disease. An evil smell was so much a part of the plague that it was believed to be one of the earliest symptoms. It had an odour that was foul and distinctive. The breath of plague victims was described by physicians of the time as that of ‘rotten flesh’ or ‘corrupt cadavers’.

Because breathing in the foul stench was thought to be one of the methods of contracting the disease, those who were still healthy carried nosegays and pomanders of highly perfumed flowers and Spices. By holding these to the nose they believed that they were warding off infection carried in the venomous air. In the Middle Ages, and even later, pleasant smells were considered to be an important part of good health and immunity to disease. During the 1348 plague, French physicians prescribed breathing in cold aromatics like roses, Sandalwood, renuphar, vinegar, Rose-water, camphor and chilled apples for summertime protection. And in the winter, hot aromatics like aloe, amber, sweetgum and Nutmeg.

Another physician prescribed that “The heart must be eased by external bathing and internally with syrups and other medicines. All such preparations must contain some perfume and some aroma, like the fragrance of the Lemon tree, syrup of apples and lemons and the acid of pomegranate”. Another recommended that the house and the body should be kept clean; the rooms of the house should be ventilated, sprinkled with vinegar and filled with scented flowers and plants. It should be “perfumed with good smells. So let vine leaves, sweet rushes, willow and osier, small plants and leaves of the Lemon tree and all other green things like flowers and sweet-smelling pommes be strewn throughout and placed in the corners and on the walls of the chambers”.

Unfortunately, the bodily cleanliness did not include the use of water. In fact, washing and bathing was considered a dangerous practice at times, as it opened the pores and allowed the odorous, plague-ridden air to enter the body more easily. The hands and face were cleansed with aromatic lotions and frequent changes of clothing, with abundant use of perfumes, were considered to be indispensable. Physicians recommended that their bodies be washed in tepid vinegar twice a day.

There was also thought to be an odour of sanctity, saints and mystics were considered to emanate sweet odours of violets, roses, Cinnamon and Cloves. This sweet odour was noted even after death and remains of saints were alleged to have given off sweet floral odours many years after death. Pope Benedict XIV stated “That the human body may by nature not have an overtly unpleasant odour is possible, but that it should actually have a pleasing smell - that is beyond nature. If such an agreeable odour exists, whether there does or does not exist a natural cause capable of producing it, it must be owing to some higher course and thus deemed to be miraculous”. Therefore the pleasant odour of the saint is seen as evidence of sanctity.

hroughout the ages, scents and odours have had a deep and profound effect on the human psyche. Suskind says “For scent was a brother breath. Together with breath it entered human beings who could not defend themselves against it, not if they wanted to live. And scent entered into their very core, went directly to their hearts and decided for good and all between affection and contempt, disgust and lust, love and hate, the who ruled scent ruled the hearts of men.”

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

The Sense of Smell and Emotional Response

April 28th, 2006

Smell is a specialised chemical sense. It is interesting to note that the olfactory cells are the only place in the human body where the central nervous system is in direct contact with the external environment. When we detect the smell of something, there is a direct contact between the molecules of scent and our own receptors.

The message regarding the molecule of scent is passed along the olfactory nerve to the nerve centre in the brain. The neurons of the olfactory nerve, control the inner responses, i.e. emotions and memories, as well as the body’s hormones. There is no generally accepted classification of the basic types of smells recognized by man. The sense of smell can be very sensitive, sensing minute concentrations of some substances in the air.

There is considerable individual variation in the activity of the sense of smell. Adaption can occur to pleasant as well as nasty smells, due to changes in both the receptors and the central connections.

It is important to remember that the inhalation of the aromas of Essential Oils also has a profound and instantaneous effect on us today. The limbic lobe of the brain receives information about smell via the olfactory nerve and this part of the brain is also concerned with our emotional memory. The limbic system produces the autonomic responses that accompany emotional states and behaviours.

Particular scents can trigger strong, emotional responses which are pleasant or unpleasant according to our own individual experience. Which smells do you find repellent? What are your favourite scents? Perhaps the perfume of a favourite Blossom or newly-mown grass, the scents of the garden after light summer rain, the smell of your favourite meal cooking or the perfume worn by a friend, the special scent of a baby or small child.

When oils are inhaled, micro-molecules of Essential Oils travel through the nasal passages to the limbic system of the brain which is the seat of memory and emotion.

The breathing in of Essential Oils is thought to trigger memories and emotions within the limbic system, which in turn stimulates a response within the entire system.

With the memory comes instant recall of the associated emotion - pleasure, happiness, laughter, affection or perhaps sadness, pain, grief.

For this reason, it is important to always heed the emotional responses to the aroma of the Essential Oils you intend to use. If the scent is in any way repellent, then it is wise to adjust your choice of oils for your blend. The subconscious, emotional responses are telling you something of vital importance and you would be wise to listen. Otherwise, you severely curtail the degree of benefit given.

Smell takes a direct, physical route to the brain because they employ nerve cells as transmitters and receivers. Odours travel directly through the olfactory system in the nose and the front part of the head into the limbic area of the brain which processes the smell.

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

Aromatherapy For Depression

April 27th, 2006

These oils have been recommended by a variety of books, and Usenet posts on alt.herbs.folklore and alt.Aromatherapy.

Bergamot Clary Sage Frankincense Geranium Jasmine Lavender Mimosa Myrrh Neroli Rose Rosewood Sandalwood Violet Ylang-Ylang

Rose OIL: “Therapeutically, this scent does have a potent Antidepressant effect and may be used, via face and body massage, Skin Care, baths, or vaporisers to treat nervousness, sadness, or long-term stress.”

LAVENDER: “The balancing properties of Lavender can correct emotional problems and feelings of instability. Its calming effect will induce a restful sleep try a drop of Lavender oil on your pillow or into an evening bath.”

Neroli (oil of the Orange Blossom): “Neroli … is one of the most suitable Essential Oils to use for nervous Tension, Insomnia, and stress-related illnesses as it has a very positive calming influence on mind and body.”

My book urges caution when using the oils as they are very potent and May therefore cause a skin rash (it does say, however, that Lavender is “the only oil that can be safely applied undiluted to the skin”). It is suggested to put a drop or two into 3 tablespoons of Carrier Oil (such as a neutral odor light vegetable or nut oil) for a massage, or else 2 to 4 drops of oil(s) to a warm bath and soaking for 10 minutes.

Another suggested use is as a room freshener - use a Clay or ceramic vaporiser to heat water with, or near, the oil. An easy way to make a room freshener with Essential Oils is to wet a cotton ball with the Essential Oil and place it in a room or cupboard to scent the area. (For maximum effect, place somewhere warm such as behind a heater or fireplace.)

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

Modern History of Aromatherapy

April 26th, 2006

Towards the end of the 19th Century, as a French chemist, Professor Rene Gattefosse, accidentally discovered the healing power of Lavender essence, when he plunged his hand into a bowl of Lavender oil after receiving a bad burn.

The burn healed quickly, without forming a blister or leaving a Scar. He then began many years of research into the healing properties of Essential Oils. His knowledge increased further when he treated soldiers wounded during the 1914 - 1918 war and in 1928 he gave his treatment the name “Aromatherapie”.

His work was later extended by Dr. Jean Valnet, a French physician, who used Essential Oils to treat cancers, tuberculosis, Diabetes and other serious illnesses. He claimed many successes.

Marguerite Maury followed him, a French biochemist and beautician, who further developed massage techniques and skin-care treatments using Essential Oils. She continued to further develop and work in the field of aromatherapy until she died in 1968 at the age of 73.

Interest in aromatherapy has continued to grow and today, rightly, it has a massive following.

—–
For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

Single Essential Oil Profiles

April 25th, 2006

Caution for using ANY and ALL essential oils: If Pregnant or under a doctor’s care, ALWAYS consult your physician before using Essential Oils.

Angelica (Angelica Archangelica)
Action: Anticoagulant, sedating to the nervous system, reduces inflammation of intestinal wall. Emotionally it is calming, assisting in the release of pent-up negative feelings.
Indications: Bruises, Colic, coughs, respiratory infections, Indigestion, Menopause, premenstrual Tension, loss of appetite, rheumatic conditions. Companion Oils: Patchouli, Vetiver, Clary Sage, most citrus oils.
Caution: Photosensitizing, avoid if Diabetic.

Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
Action: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic, stimulant

Balsam Fir (Abies balsamea)
Action: Antitumoral, anticancerous, Antioxidant, combats respiratory infections, antifungal. It may also ease the pain of Arthritis and bursitis.
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Action: Powerful antispasmodic, anti-infectious, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, decongestant (veins, arteries of the lungs, prostate), and is Antibacterial.
Indications: Migraines, mental fatigue, scanty menstrual periods.
Other uses: Relaxing to both striated and smooth muscles, soothing for insect bites and stimulating to the sense of smell. It may help Bronchitis and chest infections.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Wintergreen/Birch, Cypress, Geranium, Lavender, Lemongrass, Marjoram.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic

Bay Laurel (Laurus nobilis)
Action: Antiseptic, Antimicrobial, expectorant, mucolytic, anti-infectious, Antibacterial (staph, strep, E. coli), and an anticoagulant.
Indications: Nerve damage, Arthritis (rheumatoid), oral infections
Other Uses: May help with loss of appetite, asthmatic conditions, chronic Bronchitis, Hair Loss (after an infection), lice, scabies, viral infections.
Caution: Use in moderation

Bergamot (Citrus bergamia)
Action: Calming, Antiseptic, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, provides hormonal support.
Indications: Stress, loss of appetite, Indigestion, agitation, Depression, infection, inflammation, intestinal parasites, Rheumatism, Insomnia, vaginal Candida, insect repellent.
Other Uses: May help Bronchitis, cold sores, oily complexion, Anxiety, nervous Tension, coughs, Urinary Tract Infections, respiratory infection, Sore Throat, thrush, Tonsillitis.
Caution: Photosensitizing

Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) (very similar in chemistry to Wintergreen)
Action: Analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, liver stimulant, supports bone function
Indications: Arthritis, Rheumatism, inflammation, muscular pain, tendonitis, Hypertension, cramps. Birch and Wintergreen contain an active principal similar to cortisone that is beneficial for bone, muscle and joint discomfort.
Other uses: May be helpful for Cystitis, Acne, Bladder Infection, gout, gallstones, edema, Eczema, skin diseases, ulcers and urinary tract disorders.
Companion Oils: Wintergreen, Basil, Cypress, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemongrass, Marjoram, Peppermint and Roman Chamomile.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic. Possible skin irritant. Skin test for Allergies.

Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)
Action: Toothache pain, expectorant, stimulates digestive secretions, reduces pain, dispels fever.
Other Uses: May increase cellular oxygenation, support the digestive glands, stimulate the endocrine system, increase energy and help rheumatoid Arthritis. It may also help with loss of appetite, chills, cholera, respiratory infections, Indigestion, Constipation, coughs, diarrhea, dysentery, influenza, nausea, Neuralgia, poor Circulation, poor muscle tone, quinsy, sprains, toothache, vertigo, viruses and vomiting.
Companion Oils: Cumin, Fennel, Frankincense, Lavender, Marjoram, Rosemary CT Cineol, Sandalwood, other spice oils.
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Blue Tansy (Tanacetum annuum)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, reduces pain, relieves itching, is sedating to the nerves, is an Antihistamine, hypotensive (helps with low blood pressure), and has hormone-like effects.

Blue Cypress (Callitris intratropica)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, antiviral, effective against herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cold sores, human papilloma virus. This Essential Oil is also useful as an insect repellent. It also relieves abdominal cramps and minor aches and pains.

Cajeput (Melaleuca leucadendra)
Action: Antimicrobial, mild analgesic, antispasmodic, antineuralgic, Antiseptic (pulmonary, urinary, intestinal), insecticidal and can be used as an expectorant.
Indications: Arthritis, Acne, respiratory infections, Asthma, Bronchitis, urinary complaints, coughs, Cystitis, stiff joints, toothache, hay fever, bursitis, Headaches, insect bites, intestinal problems, laryngitis, dysentery, Psoriasis, Rheumatism, sinusitis, oily skin, Sore Throat, and viral infections.
Companion Oils: Wintergreen/Birch, Eucalyptus Radiata, Juniper and Peppermint.

Calamus (Acorus Calamus)
Action: Can be used to help digestive problems, nervous complaints and Headaches. It is also used to increase the appetite.
Other Uses: Calamus can be used to help reduce the desire for tobacco. When rubbed on the feet it may help with foot odor. It also helps with Asthma, Bronchitis, Colic, Memory Loss, stroke and Depression.

Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
Action: Antispasmodic (neuromuscular), Antibacterial, expectorant and anti-infectious.
Indications: Indigestion, loss of appetite, coughs, debility, Halitosis (Bad Breath), mental fatigue, Headaches, Heartburn, nausea and Sciatica. Cardamom may also alleviate menstrual problems and irregularities.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Cistus, Clove, Neroli, Orange, Rose and Ylang Ylang.

Carrot Seed (Daucus carota)
Action: Antiseptic, carminative, diuretic, hepatic, stimulant, vasodilator, smooth muscle relaxant.
Indications: PMS symptoms, dry skin, wrinkles, Eczema, Psoriasis, tonic to liver and gallbladder, jaundice.

Cassia (Cinnamomum Cassia)
Action: Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Cedarwood (Cedrus atlantica)
Action: Mildly Antiseptic and may be effective against Hair Loss, tuberculosis, Bronchitis, gonorrhea and skin disorders such as Acne and Psoriasis. It can reduce the hardening of artery walls. It is high in sesquiterpenes which can stimulate the limbic region of the brain - the center of our emotions. It may also help stimulate the pineal gland which releases melatonin, an Antioxidant hormone associated with deep sleep.
Indications: Bronchitis, anger/hysteria, Hair Loss, arteriosclerosis, diuretic, tuberculosis, calming, nervous Tension, Urinary Infections.
Other Uses: Cedarwood may help with Acne, Anxiety, Arthritis, respiratory congestion, coughs, Cystitis, Dandruff, Psoriasis, sinusitis, skin diseases and Fluid Retention. It may help open the pineal gland. It also helps to reduce oily skin.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cypress, Eucalyptus Radiata, Juniper, Rosemary CT Cineol.

Celery Seed (Apium graveolens)
Action: Antioxidant, Antiseptic, antispasmodic, diuretic, hepatic, carminative, stimulant.
Indications: Used for bladder and kidney complaints, menstrual problems, digestive ailments. It has been found to have a liver regenerating effect.

Chamomile, German (Matricaria recutita)
Action: Sedating, calming, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, decongestant. It supports liver, digestive and gallbladder function, reduces scarring and relieves Allergies.
Indications: Insomnia, nervous Tension, stress, bursitis, tendonitis, inflammation, carpal tunnel syndrome, Headaches, Acne, liver and gallbladder disease, parasites, ulcers.
Other Uses: Cleanser of blood, helps increase liver function and secretion, supports the pancreas. Promotes the regeneration of skin and can be used for abscesses, burns, rashes, cuts, and dermatitis. It is also helpful for teething pains, Acne, Eczema, chronic Gastritis, infected nails, Cystitis, inflamed joints, Menopausal problems, sores, skin disorders, stress-related complaints, toothaches, ulcers and wounds.
Companion Oils: Wintergreen/Birch, Fir, Geranium, Helichrysum, Hyssop, Lavender, Lemongrass, Marjoram, Tea Tree, Sandalwood, Spearmint, Spruce

Chamomile, Roman (Chamaemelum nobile)
Action: Calming for pre-anesthesia and Tension, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, skin regeneration.
Indications: May help calm and relieve restlessness and Tension. Its anti-infectious properties benefit cuts, scraps and Bruises.
Other Uses: Neutralizes Allergies and increases the ability of the skin to regenerate. It is a cleanser of the blood and also helps the liver discharge poisons. This oil may help with Allergies, Bruises, cuts, Depression, Insomnia, muscle Tension, nerves (calming and promoting nerve health), restless legs and skin conditions such as Acne, dermatitis, Eczema, rashes and sensitive skin. It can effectively minimize irritability and nervousness in hyperactive children.
Companion Oils: Clary Sage, Geranium, Lavender, Rose
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Cinnamon Bark (Cinnamomum verum)
Action: Highly Antimicrobial, anti-infectious, Antibacterial for a wide spectrum of infections. It is antiviral, antifungal (Candida), a general tonic, increases blood flow when previously restricted and is a light anticoagulant.
Indications: Tropical infection, typhoid and vaginitis.
Other Uses: May be beneficial for Circulation, infections, coughs, exhaustion, respiratory infections, digestion, Rheumatism, warts. This oil also fights viral and infectious diseases and may be a sexual stimulant.
Companion Oils: All citrus oils, Frankincense, Cypress, Juniper, Geranium, Lavender, Rosemary CT Cineol, all spice oils.
Caution: Possible skin irritant; mucus membrane irritant

Cistus (Cistus ladanifer - also known as Labdanum)
Action: Anti-infectious, antiviral, Antibacterial, powerful antihemorrhaging agent, helps reduce inflammation and is a neurotonic for the sympathetic nervous system.
Indications: Bronchitis, respiratory infections, coughs, rhinitis, Urinary Infections, wounds and wrinkles.
Other Uses: May strengthen and support the Immune System (due to phenol action).
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Cypress, Juniper, Lavender, Lavandin, Patchouli, Pine, Sandalwood, Vetiver.

Citronella (Cymbopogon nardus)
Action: Antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, antispasmodic, insecticidal, insect repellent, deodorant.
Indications: Headaches, respiratory infections, Neuralgia, fatigue and oily skin.
Other Uses: Can be used as an Antiseptic to sanitize and deodorize surfaces. It makes an excellent insect repellent when combines with Cedarwood.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Geranium, Lemon, Orange, Pine.
Caution: Possible skin irritant; possible contact sensitization from repeated use

Clary Sage (Salvia Sclarea)
Action: Antidiabetic, helps reduce high Cholesterol, is estrogen-like, supports hormones, anti-infectious, antifungal, antispasmodic, relaxing, Antibacterial, and may help with Epilepsy, Menopause and PMS.
Indications: Bronchitis, Cholesterol, hemorrhoids, hormonal imbalance, PMS, Insomnia, intestinal cramps, menstrual cramps, premenopause, weak digestion.
Other Uses: May be used for menstrual problems, Depression, Headaches, Dandruff, insect bites, Insomnia, kidney disorders, dry skin, Throat Infections, ulcers, circulatory problems and whooping cough.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Lemon, Orange, Cypress, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Sandalwood.
Caution: Use caution with infants and children.

Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)
Action: Highly Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, analgesic, bactericidal, powerful Antioxidant. It is hemostatic (blood thinning) and is also anti-inflammatory.
Indications: Infectious diseases, intestinal parasites, tuberculosis, respiratory infections, pain, toothache, scabies and infected wounds.
Other Uses: Clove oil can help prevent contagious disease and may treat Arthritis, Bronchitis, cholera, Cystitis, dental infection, amoebic dysentery, diarrhea, tuberculosis, Acne, fatigue, thyroid dysfunction, Halitosis, Headaches, Hypertension, insect bites, nausea, neuritis, dermatitis, Rheumatism, sinusitis, skin Cancer, chronic skin disease, bacterial colitis, sores (speeds healing of mouth and skin sores), viral Hepatitis, warts and lymphoma.
Companion Oils: Basil, Bergamot, Cinnamon Bark, Clary Sage, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Nutmeg, Orange, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary CT Cineol, Ylang Ylang.
Caution: Possible skin irritant; possible contact sensitization from repeated use; do not use if on blood thinners

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, sedative effect.
Other Uses: May help with Arthritis, diarrhea, respiratory infections, Indigestion, digestive spasms, poor Circulation, Rheumatism, gout, general infections, measles, Headaches, nausea, muscular aches and pains, Neuralgia, skin conditions (Acne, Psoriasis, dermatitis), and stress. It may also help during convalescence and after a difficult Childbirth. Because of its estrogenic content, Coriander may regulate and help control pain related to menstruation.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cinnamon, Citronella, Clary Sage, Cypress, Ginger, Jasmine, Neroli, Petitgrain, Pine, Sandalwood, other spice oils.
Caution: Impairs mental function in large doses.

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)
Action: Antiviral, immune stimulant, helps appetite and digestion and acts as a liver regulator.
Indications: Poor Circulation, Indigestion, digestive spasms, Headaches and Migraines.
Other Uses: Calming and a powerful support to the Immune System. It may also help wound healing and Scars.
Companion Oils: Cinnamon, Frankincense, Jasmine, Myrrh, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang
Caution: Photosensitizing

Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Action: Improves Circulation and supports the nerves and intestines. Anti-infectious, Antibacterial, Antimicrobial, and strengthens blood capillaries. It also acts as an insect repellent.
Indications: Arthritis, Bronchitis, Circulation, cramps, hemorrhoids, Insomnia, intestinal parasites, Menopausal problems, menstrual pain, pancreas insufficiencies, pulmonary infections, Rheumatism, spasms, tuberculosis, throat problems, varicose veins, Fluid Retention. May be helpful for some cancers.
Other uses: May be beneficial for Asthma, strengthening blood capillary walls, reducing cellulite, supporting the circulatory system and strengthening connective tissue. It may help with coughs, edema, improving energy, gallbladder ailments, bleeding gums, hemorrhaging, laryngitis, liver disorders, muscular cramps, nervous Tension, nose bleeds, ovarian cysts. It is outstanding when used in Skin Care, lessening Scar tissue.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Orange and Sandalwood.

Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
Action: Antitumoral, anticancerous, antifungal, Antioxidant and combats respiratory infections.
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Elemi (Canarium luzonicum)
Action: Antiseptic and Antimicrobial
Indications: Sluggish glands, scarring, upset stomach, amoebic dysentery
Other Uses: Widely regarded today for soothing Sore Muscles, protecting and rejuvenating the skin, reducing wrinkles and stimulating nerves. Its fragrance is very conducive to Meditation.

Eucalyptus Citriodora (Eucalyptus Citriodora)
Action: Analgesic, Antiseptic, antiviral, Antibacterial, antifungal, deodorant, expectorant, insecticidal agent.
Indications: Asthma, athlete’s foot and other fungal infections, respiratory infections, cuts, Dandruff, fevers, herpes, infectious skin conditions, laryngitis, scabs, shingles, Sore Throat, sores and wounds.
Caution: Do not take internally

Eucalyptus Globulus (Eucalyptus Globulus)
Action: Mucolytic, Antimicrobial, Antibacterial, antifungal (Candida), antiviral, Antiseptic, expectorant.
Indications: Asthma, Candida, coughs, Diabetes, herpes, Hypoglycemia, lungs, measles, Headaches, respiratory infections, sinusitis, shingles, tuberculosis.
Other Uses: May be used for aches/pains, Acne, Allergies, Arthritis, Bronchitis, burns, respiratory infections, Cystitis, Endometriosis, gonorrhea, inflammation of the ear, eye and Sinus, and as a decongestant. Also for malaria, Rheumatism, respiratory infections, skin and throat infection/sores, ulcers, vaginitis and wounds. Also helpful for increasing energy.
Companion Oils: Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Melissa, Pine, Sandalwood, Thyme.
Caution: Do not take internally

Eucalyptus Polybractea (Eucalyptus Polybractea)
Action: Anti-infectious, antiviral, Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, mucolytic, expectorant, insect repellent.
Indications: Acne and Cystitis.

Eucalyptus Radiata (Eucalyptus Radiata)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, expectorant.
Indications: Conjunctivitis, vaginitis, Acne, sinusitis, Bronchitis.
Other Uses: This oil, when combines with Bergamot, has been used effectively on herpes simplex. It may also help with Acne, Bronchitis, ear inflammation, Endometriosis, nasal and Sinus congestion, sinusitis and vaginitis.

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Action: Stimulates estrogen production, facilitates birthing, increases Lactation, promotes digestion, reduces Indigestion, supports the heart and respiratory system, expels worms, is stimulating to the circulatory and respiratory systems. It is Antiseptic, antispasmodic and analgesic.
Indications: Cystitis, sluggish digestion, Fluid Retention, gout, intestinal parasites, intestinal spasms, nausea, Menopause, and pre-Menopause problems.
Other Uses: May be used for Indigestion, stimulating the Cardiovascular and respiratory system, for Constipation, digestion, balancing hormones, supporting pancreatic function and PMS. It may break up fluids and Toxins and cleanse the tissues.
Companion Oils: Basil, Geranium, Lavender, Lemon, Rosemary CT Cineol, Sandalwood
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic

Fleabane (Conyza canadensis)
Action: Stimulates liver and pancreas, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, hormone-like, Cardiovascular dilator. Has been used to treat children with retarded puberty.
This oil is still under study.

Frankincense (Boswellia carteri)
Action: Expectorant, antitumoral, immunostimulant, Antidepressant Indications: Asthma, Depression, ulcers
Other Uses: May help with Allergies, bites (insect and snake), Bronchitis, Cancer, respiratory infections, diphtheria, Headaches, hemorrhaging, herpes, High Blood Pressure, inflammation, stress, Tonsillitis., Typhoid, warts. It contains sesquiterpenes, enabling it to go beyond the blood/brain barrier where it is elevating to the mind and helps to overcome stress and despair. It also increases the activity of leukocytes in defense of the body against infection.
Companion Oils: All oils

Galbanum (Ferula gummosa)
Action: Anti-infectious, stimulant, supporting to the Kidneys and menstruating, analgesic, and a light antispasmodic.
Indications: Abscesses, boils, wounds, inflammation
Other Uses: May help with Acne, Asthma, Bronchitis, chronic coughs, cramps, cuts, Indigestion, muscular aches and pains, nervous Tension, poor Circulation, Rheumatism, Scar tissue, stress and wrinkles.
Companion Oils: All oils

Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens)
Action: Antispasmodic, antitumoral, adrenal cortex stimulant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, hemostatic (stops bleeding), anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antifungal, revitalizes skin tissue, dilates bile ducts for liver Detoxification. Balances the sebum, which is the fatty secretion in the sebaceous glands of the skin that keep the skin supple. Helps cleanse oily skin and restores and enlivens pale skin.
Indications: Skin conditions (dermatitis, Eczema, Psoriasis, vitiligo), herpes, shingles, bleeding, tumor growths, hormone imbalances. Other Uses: May be used for Acne, burns, circulatory problems (improves blood flow), Depression gingivitis, liver problems, sterility, digestion, Insomnia, menstrual problems, Neuralgia (severe pain along the nerve), regenerating tissue and nerves, pancreas imbalances, ringworm, Sore Throats, and wounds. Also recommended for liver disorders and Hepatitis.
Companion Oils: All oils

Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Action: Digestive tonic, sexual tonic, reduces pain, expectorant. Indications: Arthritis, Rheumatism, Indigestion, digestive disorders, Motion Sickness.
Other Uses: May be used for alcoholism, loss of appetite, Arthritis, chills, respiratory infections, congestion, coughs, digestive disorders, infectious diseases, muscular aches/pains, nausea, Rheumatism, sinusitis, Sore Throats and sprains.
Companion Oils: All spice oils, all citrus oils, Eucalyptus Radiata, Frankincense, Geranium, Myrtle, Rosemary CT Cineol, Spearmint.
Caution: Possible contact sensitization from repeated use; Photosensitizing

Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
Action: Diuretic, anti-inflammatory, hepatic, mucolytic, stimulant, tonic Indications: Arthritis, Asthma, Candida, Colds, cough, Hypertension
Other Uses: Helps to thin mucus secretions and relieve congested mucus membranes. It promotes urination, cleans the Kidneys, reduces inflammation and prevents infection.

Grapefruit (Citrus x paradisi)
Action: Antiseptic, disinfecting, detoxifying, diuretic. Like many cold-pressed citrus oils, it has unique fat-dissolving characteristics. It is exceptionally cleansing for oily skin. Psychologically, it is an Antidepressant and is emotionally uplifting.
Indications: Acne, cellulite, digestion, Fluid Retention
Other Uses: May help with Depression, drug withdrawal, jet lag, eating disorders, fatigue, liver disorders, Migraine Headaches, premenstrual Tension, stress. It may also have a cleansing effect on the the Kidneys, lymphatic system and the vascular system.
Companion Oils: Basil, Bergamot, Cedarwood, German Chamomile, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Peppermint, Rosemary CT Cineol, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang
Caution: Photosensitizing

Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum)
Action: Anticoagulant, anesthetic, dissolves hematomas (blood clots), mucolytic, expectorant, antispasmodic, stimulates liver, reduces Scar tissue and skin discoloration. It also balances blood pressure, chelates chemicals and Toxins.
Indications: Hematoma (swelling or blood-filled tumor), bleeding, arteriosclerosis, Hypertension, congestive heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, thrombosis, embolisms, liver disorders, phlebitis, Sciatica, Sinus infection, skin conditions (Eczema, dermatitis, Psoriasis)
Other Uses: May help blood Circulation, hearing loss, pain (acute), respiratory conditions, Scar tissue, and varicose veins. It may regenerate tissue, detoxify and stimulate liver cell function.

Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
Action: Anticatarrhal, mucolytic, decongestant, expectorant, cleansing, purifying, helps reduce fats in tissue. Hyssop raises low blood pressure, regulates menstrual flow, increases Perspiration.
Indications: Anxiety, Arthritis, Asthma, Bruises, respiratory infections, coughs, cuts, dermatitis, Indigestion, fatigue, nervous Tension, parasites (it expels worms), Rheumatism, Sore Throats, viral infections, wounds.
Companion Oils: All citrus oils, Clary Sage, Fennel, Geranium, Myrtle, Sage
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic.

Jasmine (Jasmine officinale)
Action: Beneficial for the skin, uplifting, Antidepressant, stimulating Indications: Dry, oily, irritated or sensitive skin, Anxiety, stress, Depression.
Other Uses: May help with Eczema (when caused by emotions), frigidity, labor pains, laryngitis, lethargy (abnormal drowsiness), menstrual pain and problems, stress. Ideal for Skin Care.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Frankincense, Geranium, Helichrysum, Lemongrass, Mandarin, Melissa, Orange, Palmarosa, Rose, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Spearmint.

Juniper (Juniperus communis and J. osteosperma)
Action: Antiseptic, astringent, digestive stimulant, purifying, detoxifying, increases Circulation through the Kidneys and promotes excretion of uric acid and Toxins.
Indications: Acne, dermatitis, Eczema, gout, Depression fatigue, liver problems, Sore Muscles, Rheumatism, ulcers, Urinary Infections, Fluid Retention, wounds.
Other Uses: May work as a detoxifier and a cleanser, as well as being beneficial to the skin. It may assist with nerve regeneration.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, all citrus oils, Cypress, Geranium, Lavender, Tea Tree, Rosemary CT Cineol

Lavandin (Lavandula x hybrida)
Action: Antibacterial, antifungal, strong Antiseptic (related actions to Lavender)
Indications: There is not a long history of the therapeutic use of Lavandin
Other Uses: Lavandin is best used as an Antiseptic. Its greater penetrating qualities make it well suited to help with respiratory, circulatory and muscular conditions.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cinnamon, Citronella, Clove, Cypress, Clary Sage, Geranium, Lime, Patchouli, Pine, Rosemary CT Cineol, Thyme
Caution: Do not use for burns

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia)
Action: Antiseptic, analgesic, antitumoral, Anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, sedative. Beneficial for healing burns, cleansing cuts and wounds. Ideal for Skin Care since it prevents the build up of excess sebum, a skin oil that bacteria feed on. Lavender has also been clinically evaluated for its relaxing effects.
Indications: Burns (cell renewal), sunburns (including lips), Dandruff, Hair Loss, Allergies, Convulsions, herpes, Headaches, Indigestion, Insomnia, High Blood Pressure, Menopausal conditions, nausea, phlebitis, tumors, premenstrual conditions, scarring (minimizes), skin conditions (Acne, dermatitis, Eczema, Psoriasis, rashes), Stretch Marks. It may be used to cleans cuts, Bruises and skin irritations.
Other Uses: Lavender is a universal oil with many different applications. It may also help Arthritis, Asthma, Bronchitis, Convulsions, Depression, earaches, heart palpitations, High Blood Pressure, hives (urticaria), insect bites, laryngitis, nervous Tension, respiratory infections, Rheumatism and Throat Infections.
Companion Oils: Most oils, especially citrus oils, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Geranium

Ledum (Ledum groenlandicum)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, Antibacterial, hepatoprotectant, diuretic, decongestant
Indications: Liver dysfunctions, Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Fatty Liver, obesity, laryngitis, Bronchitis, Allergies, influenza, edema, thyroid regulation.
Other Uses: Can be used for all types of skin problems, for coughs, hoarseness, stomach discomfort, prostate infection, congested prostate, Insomnia, Allergies.
Companion Oils: Frankincense, Goldenrod, Wintergreen/Birch, Lemon, Sage
Caution: If using topically, always dilute

Lemon (Citrus limon)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial (spores), Antiseptic, antiviral, disinfectant. Lemon improves microcirculation, promotes white blood cell formation and improves Immune Function.
Indications: Anemia, Asthma, herpes, warts, shingles, bleeding, malaria, parasites, Rheumatism, Throat Infections, ureter infections, varicose veins.
Other Uses: May be beneficial for Anxiety, blood pressure, digestive problems, respiratory infections, Sore Throats. It helps promote leukocyte formation, improves memory, strengthens nails, cleans the skin and promotes a sense of well-being. Research has shown Lemon to have Antidepressant effects. It serves as an effective insect repellent and works well in removing gum, wood stain, oil and grease spots.
Companion Oils: German Chamomile, Eucalyptus Radiata, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Peppermint, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang
Caution: Very Photosensitizing.

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus)
Action: Supports digestion, tones and helps regenerate connective tissues and ligaments, dilates blood vessels, strengthens vascular walls, promotes lymph flow, anti-inflammatory, sedative.
Indications: Bladder Infection, digestive disturbances, parasites, torn ligaments, edema, Fluid Retention, kidney disorders, varicose veins. Other Uses: May help improve Circulation, digestion and eyesight as well as combat Headaches, infections, respiratory problems, Sore Throats and Fluid Retention. It aids in tissue regeneration.
Companion Oils: Basil, Cedarwood, Eucalyptus Radiata, Geranium, Lavender, Tea Tree, Rosemary CT Cineol
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)
Common Method of Extraction: Cold
Pressed/Expressed Color: Light Yellow Green
Consistency: Thin
Perfumery Note: Top
Strength of Initial Aroma: Medium
Aromatic Description: Fresh, citrusy, sweet.
Possible Uses: Acne, Asthma, chilblains, Colds, dull skin, Flu, varicose veins.
Constituents: a-pinene, B-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, y-terpinene, terpinolene, octanal, nonanal, tetradecanal, pentadecanal, trans-a-bergaptene, caryophyllene, B-bisabolene, geranial, neryl acetate, geranyl acetate, a-terpineo, linalool.
Safety Information: Phototoxic.

Mandarin (Citrus reticulata)
Action: Light antispasmodic, digestive tonic (digestoid), Antiseptic, antifungal, stimulates the gallbladder.
Other Uses: May help Acne, digestive problems, Fluid Retention, Insomnia, intestinal problems, skin problems (congested and oily skin, Scars, spots), tones the skin, diminishes Stretch Marks (when combined with either Jasmine, Lavender, Sandalwood and/or Frankincense), calms nervous Tension and restlessness. Recommended for children and Pregnant women because it is very gentle.
Companion Oils: Cinnamon, Clove, Lavender, Neroli, Nutmeg, citrus oils, spice oils
Caution: Very Photosensitizing.

Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial, dilates blood vessels, regulates blood pressure, soothes muscles, promotes intestinal peristalsis, tones the parasympathetic nervous system, supports respiratory system. Indications: Aches, Arthritis, Asthma, Bronchitis, Indigestion, Constipation, cramps, Insomnia, Migraine Headaches, Neuralgia, Rheumatism, sprains.
Other Uses: May be relaxing and calming to the muscles that constrict and sometimes contribute to Headaches. It may help Anxiety, nervous Tension, Bruises, burns, sores, cuts, circulatory disorders, respiratory infections, fungal and viral infections, menstrual problems, ringworm, shingles, shock, sores, spasms, sunburn, Fluid Retention.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cedarwood, German Chamomile, Cypress, Lavender, Nutmeg, Orange, Rosemary CT Cineol, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang

Melissa (Melissa officinalis)
Action: Calming, sedative, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), fights against cholera, anti-inflammatory
Indications: Allergies, Anxiety, Asthma, Bronchitis, chronic coughs, respiratory infections, cold-sore blisters, Indigestion, Depression, dysentery, Eczema, fevers, Hypertension, Indigestion, insect bites, Insomnia, menstrual problems, Migraine, nausea, nervous Tension, palpitations, Throat Infections, vertigo
Companion Oils: Geranium, Lavender, other floral and citrus oils

Mountain Savory (Sauterne Montana)
Action: Strongly anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, immunostimulant, general tonic and stimulant.
Indications: Acute pain, sluggish nervous and circulatory systems.
Other Uses: Due to its high phenol content, Mountain Savory is a very strong Antiseptic and has been used to hasten the formation of scabs and to help with abscesses, burns and cuts. It is also known to stimulate the adrenal gland. Recent research suggests that the extract may have anti-HIV activity.
Caution: If used topically, always dilute; possible skin irritant.

Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha)
Action: Anti-infectious, antiviral, antiparasitic, hormone-like, anti-inflammatory, soothes skin conditions, anti-Hyperthyroid, supports Immune System.
Indications: Bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery, Hyperthyroidism, Stretch Marks, thrush, ulcers, vaginal thrush, viral Hepatitis.
Other Uses: May be used to help Asthma, athlete’s foot, Candida, coughs, Eczema, digestion, fungal infection, gingivitis, gum infections, hemorrhoids, mouth ulcers, ringworm, Sore Throats, wounds and wrinkles.
Companion Oils: Frankincense, Lavender, Patchouli, Sandalwood, and all spice oils

Myrtle (Myrtus communis)
Action: Expectorant, anti-infectious, liver stimulant, prostate decongestant, light antispasmodic, regulator for thyroid and ovary, tonic for the skin.
Indications: Bronchitis, coughs, Hypothyroidism, Insomnia, Sluggish Thyroid, prostate congestion, respiratory tract ailments, Sinus infection, tuberculosis, ureter infections.
Other Uses: May help anger, Asthma, respiratory infections, Cystitis, diarrhea, dysentery, impaired digestion, hemorrhoids, hormonal imbalances. It may support the Immune System, fight infections, sinusitis, infectious diseases, and pulmonary disorders, aid skin conditions (Acne, blemishes, Bruises, oily skin, Psoriasis, etc.). Useful on children for chest complaints and coughs.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Tea Tree, Rosewood, Rosemary CT Cineol, Spearmint, Thyme

Naouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia)
Action: Male hormone-like, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic (kills amoeba and parasites in the blood)
Indications: Mucous in respiratory passages, the urinary tract and genital organs; also good for High Blood Pressure.
Other Uses: May help with respiratory Allergies, infections and hemorrhoids.
Caution: Possible contact sensitization with repeated use

Neroli (Citrus aurantium)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antiparasitic, digestive tonic, antidepressive, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure).
Indications: Anxiety, Depression, digestive spasms, fear, Headaches, heart arrhythmia, hysteria, Insomnia, nervous Tension, palpitations, PMS, poor Circulation, Scars, shock, stress-related conditions, Stretch Marks, tachycardia, thread (spider) veins, wrinkles.
Other Uses: May support the digestive system and fight bacteria, infections, parasites, and viruses. In support of the skin, Neroli works at the cellular level to help shed the old skin cells and stimulate new cell growth. It is particularly beneficial for mature and sensitive skin.
Companion Oils: Cedarwood, Geranium, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Rose, Sandalwood

Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
Action: Antiseptic, antiparasitic, reduces pain, promotes normal menstruation, improves Circulation.
Indications: Loss of appetite, chronic debility, digestion (helps with starchy foods and fats), gallstones, Halitosis, Rheumatism
Other Uses: This oil has adrenal cortex-like activity which helps support the Adrenal Glands for increased energy. It may also help treat Arthritis, bacterial infection, frigidity, gout, impotence, menstrual problems, nausea, severe Nerve Pain.
Companion Oils: Cinnamon Bark, Clove, Cypress, Frankincense, Lemon, Tea Tree, Melissa, Orange, Patchouli, Rosemary CT Cineol
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic. Dilute when applied topically.

Orange (Citrus aurantium)
Action: Calming, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, anticoagulant, improves Circulation
Indications: Angina (false), cardiac spasm, Insomnia, Menopause, tumor growth.
Companion Oils: Cinnamon Bark, Clove, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Nutmeg, Rosewood
Caution: Photosensitizing.

Oregano (Origanum compactum)
Action: Powerful anti-infectious agent (for respiratory, intestines, genital, nerves, blood and lymphatics) with large-spectrum action against bacteria, mycobacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites. It is a general tonic and immune stimulant.
Indications: Asthma, Bronchitis (chronic), mental disease, pulmonary tuberculosis, Rheumatism (chronic), whooping cough.
Other Uses: May help respiratory infections, digestion problems, viral and bacterial pneumonia, respiratory system problems, balance metabolism and strengthen the vital centers.
Companion Oils: Basil, Fennel, Geranium, Lemongrass, Myrtle, Pine, Rosemary CT Cineol, Thyme.
Caution: High phenol content can burn the skin - dilute 1 drop Essential Oil to 50 drops vegetable or massage oil for topical application other than the bottom of feet. Use extra caution to avoid contact with all mucus membranes. Skin irritant.

Palmarosa (Cymbopogon margin)
Action: Antimicrobial, Antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, uterine tonic, cardiotonic
Indications: May be beneficial for rashes, Candida, the Cardiovascular system, digestive and nervous systems, fighting infections. It is valuable for all types of skin problems because it stimulates new cell growth, regulates oil production, moisturizes and speeds healing.
Companion Oils: Basil, Fennel, Geranium, Lemongrass, Myrtle, Pine, Rosemary CT Cineol, Thyme

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin)
Action: Soothing to digestion, decongestant, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, soothes wrinkled or chapped skin.
Indications: Allergies, dermatitis, Eczema, hemorrhoids, tissue regeneration.
Other Uses: Helps the body eliminate toxic material. It may also curb appetite; it helps with Acne; soothes insect bites, helps with cellulite, congestion, Dandruff, Depression, helps with weight control, relieves itching from hives, helps with skin conditions (chapped and loose skin), Fluid Retention and weeping wounds.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Lavender, Lemongrass, Myrrh, Pine, Rosewood, Sandalwood.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Action: Anticarcinogenic, supports digestion, expels worms, decongestant, anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antifungal, mucolytic, stimulant, hypertensive, cardiotonic, stimulates the gallbladder, is a pain-reliever, expectorant, anti-inflammatory for the intestinal and urinary tract. It can heighten or restore the sense of taste by stimulating the trigeniminal nerve.
Indications: Asthma, Bronchitis, Candida, diarrhea, digestive problems, fever, nausea, Halitosis, Heartburn, hemorrhoids, Hot Flashes, Indigestion, menstrual irregularity, Headaches, Motion Sickness, tumor growth, respiratory infections, shock, itchy skin, Throat Infections, varicose veins.
Other Uses: May help Arthritis, Depression, skin conditions (Eczema, Psoriasis, dermatitis), food poisoning, Headaches, hives, hysteria, inflammation, Morning Sickness, nerve regeneration, Rheumatism, elevate and open sensory system, ease the pain of toothaches, kills tuberculosis bacillus (according to recent research).
Caution: Possible skin irritant; always dilute when using on children’s or sensitive skin; do not apply neat to fresh wounds or burns; avoid contact with eyes, mucus membranes or sensitive skin areas.

Petitgrain (Citrus aurantium)
Action: Antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, Antibacterial.
Other Uses: May help reestablish nerve equilibrium. It may also help with Acne, fatigue, greasy hair, Insomnia and excessive Perspiration.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Cistus, Clary Sage, Clove, Geranium, Jasmine, Lavender, Neroli, Orange, Palmarosa, Rosemary CT Cineol

Pine (Pinus sylvestris)
Action: Hormone-like, antidiabetic, cortisone-like, sexual stimulant, hypertensive (High Blood Pressure), anti-infectious, antifungal, Antiseptic. Indications: Asthma, pulmonary infections, Bronchitis, Diabetes, severe infections, rheumatoid Arthritis, sinusitis.
Other Uses: May help dilate the respiratory system, particularly the bronchial tract. It may also help with respiratory infections, coughs, cuts, cysts, fatigue, gout, lice, nervous exhaustion, scabies, skin parasites, sores, stress, Urinary Infections. Pine oil may also help increase blood pressure and stimulate the Adrenal Glands and the circulatory system. Pine oil is a good ingredient for any first aid kit.
Companion Oils: Cedarwood, Eucalyptus Radiata, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Tea Tree, Rosemary CT Cineol.
Caution: Avoid oils adulterated with turpentine - be sure to get Organic/therapeutic grade oil.

Ravensara (Ravensara aromatica)
Action: Anti-infectious, antiviral, Antibacterial, expectorant, Antimicrobial, supports the nerves and respiratory system.
Indications: Bronchitis, cholera, herpes, infectious mononucleosis, Insomnia, muscle fatigue, rhinopharyngitis, shingles, sinusitis, viral Hepatitis.
Other Uses: May help Asthma, Cystitis, burns, Cancer, respiratory infections, cuts, pneumonia, scrapes, viral infections, wounds and it strengthens the respiratory system.

Rose (Rosa damascena)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, prevents and reduces scarring, balances and elevates the mind.
Other Uses: May help Asthma, chronic Bronchitis, herpes simplex, impotence, scarring, sexual debilities, skin diseases, winkles.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis CT 1,8 cineol)
Action: Antifungal, Antibacterial, Antiseptic, antiparasitic, general stimulant, enhances mental Clarity, supports nerves and endocrine glands balance.
Indications: Rheumatism, Arthritis, Myalgia, Hepatitis, liver conditions, menstrual disturbances, Hypertension (weak doses), hypotension (strong doses), Indigestion, Bronchitis, respiratory and lung infections, Hair Loss (Alopecia), Asthma.
Other Uses: Improves Concentration and stimulates the scalp.
Companion Oils: Basil, Eucalyptus Radiata, Lavender, Marjoram, Peppermint, Pine.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic.

Rosemary Verbenon (Rosmarinus officinalis CT verbenon)
Action: Mucolytic, expectorant, antispasmodic, Antibacterial, Antiseptic, balances endocrine glands.
Indications: Respiratory infections, Bronchitis, viral Hepatitis, nervous Tension, cardiac arrhythmia, Cystitis, Arthritis, Rheumatism.
Other Uses: Because of its lower camphor and higher verbenon content, this chemotype of Rosemary is milder than the cineol chemotype and so is especially well-suited for chest, lung and Sinus infections. It is ideal for Skin Care and can be used to combat Hair Loss.
Companion Oils: Basil, Eucalyptus Radiata, Lavender, Marjoram, Peppermint, Pine.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic.

Rosewood (Aniba rosaeodora)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic, antifungal, soothing to the skin. It has been researched for its inhibition rate against gram positive and gram negative bacterial growth.
Indications: Acne, Candida, Depression, Eczema, oral infections, dry skin, vaginitis.
Other Uses: May create skin elasticity and is soothing to the skin. It is recognized for its ability to get rid of Candida of the skin and slow the aging process. It may also be beneficial for cuts, nausea, tissue regeneration and wounds. It helps to create a synergism with all other oils.

Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Action: Expectorant, mucolytic, anti-infectious, fights against cholera, estrogen-like, supports menstruation, prevents and reduces scarring, regulates Circulation, soothes skin conditions and is a balancer and detoxifier of the body. Sage contains camphor, which balances estrogen levels, providing support during PMS and Menopause.
Indications: Asthma, chronic Bronchitis, sluggish digestion, gingivitis, glandular disorders, menstrual irregularity, Menopause.
Other uses: May help improve estrogen, progesterone and testosterone balance. It activates the nervous system and adrenal cortex and may help with illness that is related to digestion and liver problems. It may also be beneficial for Acne, Arthritis, bacterial infections, Dandruff, Depression, Eczema, fibrosis, Hair Loss, low blood pressure, mental fatigue, metabolism, respiratory problems, Rheumatism, skin conditions, sores, sprains. Sage strengthens the vital centers of the body, balancing the pelvic chakra where negative emotions from denial and abuse are stored.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, Lavender, Lemon, Peppermint, Lemongrass, Pine, Rosemary CT Cineol
Caution: Sage is an oral toxin due to thujone content - do not take internally. Do not use if Epileptic. Do not use if you have High Blood Pressure.

Sandalwood (Santalum album)
Action: High in sesquiterpenes that have been researched for their ability to stimulate the pineal gland and the limbic region of the brain, the center of emotions. The pineal gland is responsible for releasing melatonin, a powerful Antioxidant that enhances deep sleep. Sandalwood is similar to Frankincense oil in its support of nerves and Circulation.
Indications: Bronchitis (chronic), herpes, Cystitis, skin tumors.
Other Uses: Helps with Cystitis and Urinary Tract Infections. It may also be beneficial for Acne, Depression, Meditation, pulmonary infections, menstrual problems, nervous Tension, skin infection. It helps dry or dehydrated skin.
Companion Oils: Cypress, Frankincense, Lemon, Myrrh, Patchouli, Spruce, Ylang Ylang.

Spearmint (Mentha spicata)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, calming, astringent, Antiseptic, mucolytic, stimulates the gallbladder, promotes menstruation.
Indications: Bronchitis, Candida, Cystitis, Hypertension.
Other Uses: May balance and increase metabolism, may aid glandular, nervous and respiratory systems. May help with Acne, stimulate a poor appetite, help Bad Breath, promote easier labor in Childbirth, help with Depression, digestion, dry skin, Eczema, Headaches, intestines (soothes), menstruation (to slow Heavy Periods), nausea, sore gums, vaginitis, excess weight.
Companion Oils: Basil, Lavender, Peppermint, Rosemary CT Cineol

Spikenard (Nardostachys jatamansi)
Action: Antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, deodorant, relaxing, skin tonic.
Indications: Known for helping in the treatment of allergic skin reactions.
Other Uses: May also help with Allergies, Candida, Indigestion, Insomnia, menstrual difficulties, Migraine, nausea, rashes, bacterial infections, stress, tachycardia, Tension and wounds that will not heal. Strengthens the heart and circulatory system.
Companion Oils: Cistus, Lavender, Patchouli, Pine Vetiver

Spruce (Picea mariana)
Action: Antispasmodic, anti-infectious, antiparasitic, Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, hormone-like, cortisone-like, general tonic, stimulates thymus.
Indications: Arthritis, Candida, Hyperthyroidism, immune-Depression, prostatitis, Rheumatism.
Other Uses: May be beneficial for bone pain, glandular imbalances, aching joints, Sciatica pain. May help support the nervous and respiratory systems, can be stimulating to the pineal, thymus and Adrenal Glands.
Companion Oils: Wintergreen/Birch, Eucalyptus Radiata, Frankincense, Helichrysum, Ravensara.

Swamp Paperbark (Melaleuca ericfolia)
This oil is still under study. It is somewhat gentler than Tea Tree and has been found beneficial for Bronchitis, Asthma, respiratory infection, cynitis, Sinus infection.

Tangerine (Citrus nobilis)
Action: Promotes happiness, helps with Anxiety, nervousness.
Other Uses: May help dissolve cellulite, improve Circulation and help digestive system disorders, dizziness, Anxiety, Insomnia, irritability, liver problems, parasites, Stretch Marks (smoothes when blended with Lavender), and Fluid Retention.
Companion Oils: Basil, Bergamot, German Chamomile, Clary Sage, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Orange.

Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Action: Analgesic, antitumoral, believed to help stop bleeding, immune stimulant.
Indications: Respiratory infections, stomach conditions, Arthritis, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, aneurysm, Bruises, diarrhea, freckles, gout.
Companion Oils: Wintergreen/Birch, Clary Sage, Elemi, Hyssop, Myrtle, Pine, Valerian, Vetiver.

Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Action: A neuromuscular antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious, antifermentation, reduces Allergies.
Indications: Colitis, hiccups, intestinal spasms, parasites, rheumatic pain, Sciatica.
Other Uses: May be beneficial for abdominal discomfort and spasms, Arthritis, digestive complaints, genital and Urinary Tract Infection, nausea, premenstrual discomfort, wounds. It may also balance the autonomic nervous system.
Companion Oils: German Chamomile, Clary Sage, Balsam Fir, Juniper, Lavender, Pine, Rosewood, Orange, Tangerine.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic.

Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Action: Anti-infectious, Antibacterial (large spectrum action of gram positive and gram negative bacteria), antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulant, cardiotonic, decongestant of the veins, reduces phlebitis, neurotonic, analgesic, protects against radiation.
Indications: Athlete’s foot, fungal infections, Bronchitis, respiratory infections, gum disease, rash, Sore Throat, sunburn, Tonsillitis, vaginal thrush
Other Uses: May help Acne, burns, Candida, cold sores, inflammation, viral infections, ingrown nails, warts and wounds (promotes healing).
Companion Oils: All citrus oils, Cypress, Eucalyptus Radiata, Lavender, Rosemary CT Cineol, Thyme
Caution: Possible contact sensitization from repeated use

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris CT thymol)
Action: Highly Antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, uterine tonic, cardiotonic.
Indications: Asthma, Bronchitis, colitis, Cystitis, dermatitis, anthrax, fatigue (general), pleurisy, Psoriasis, Sciatica, tuberculosis, vaginal Candida.
Other Uses: A general tonic for nerves and stomach. It may also help with bacterial infections, respiratory infections, Circulation, Depression, digestion, Headaches, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Urinary Infections, viruses along the spine.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, citrus oils, Cedarwood, Juniper, Tea Tree, Oregano, Rosemary CT Cineol.

Thyme Linalol (Thymus vulgaris CT linalol)
Action: Highly Antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, uterine tonic, cardiotonic (just as Thyme CT Thymol - but is gentler)
Indications: Asthma, Bronchitis, colitis, Cystitis, dermatitis, anthrax, fatigue (general), pleurisy, Psoriasis, Sciatica, tuberculosis, vaginal Candida.
Other Uses: A general tonic for nerves and stomach. It may also help with bacterial infections, respiratory infections, Circulation, Depression, digestion, Headaches, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Urinary Infections, viruses along the spine.
Companion Oils: Bergamot, citrus oils, Cedarwood, Juniper, Tea Tree, Oregano, Rosemary CT Cineol.

Tsuga (Tsuga canadensis)
Action: Analgesic, antirheumatic, astringent, blood cleanser, stimulant.
Indications: Treats coughs, respiratory conditions, kidney ailments, skin conditions, Urinary Infections, venereal diseases.
Caution: Possible contact sensitization from repeated use

Valerian (Valerian officinalis)
Action: Sedative and tranquilizing to the central nervous system. Its warming properties can help with hypothermia.
Indications: Because of its effect on the nervous system, it may help with Insomnia, nervous Indigestion, Migraine, restlessness and Tension.
Companion Oils: Cedarwood, Lavender, Mandarin, Patchouli, Petigrain, Pine, Rosemary CT Cineol.
Caution: Possible contact sensitization from repeated use

Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides)
Action: Antiseptic, antispasmodic, calming, grounding, a rubefacient (locally warming), sedative (to the nervous system), stimulant (circulatory, production of red corpuscles).
Indications: Used traditionally for arthritic symptoms.
Other Uses: May help Acne, Anxiety, Arthritis, cuts, Depression (including postpartum), Insomnia, Rheumatism, stress, Skin Care (oily, aging, irritated).
Companion Oils: Clary Sage, Jasmine, Lavender, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang.

Vitex (Vitex negundo)
Indications: Extensively researched in Europe for its effects on Parkinson’s Disease and other neurological disorders.

Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)
Action: Antifungal, Antibacterial, antiparasitic, hair follicle stimulator, insect repellent.
Indications: Used traditional by Native Americans to help them enter a higher spiritual realm. Used to stimulate the scalp and as an Antimicrobial and Antiseptic agent. It is an ingredient of cold-remedy salves used to clear the nose and chest.

White Fir (Albies concolor)
Action: Antitumoral, anticancerous, antifungal, Antioxidant, and combats respiratory infections.
Caution: Possible skin irritant

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) (very similar in chemistry to Birch)
Action: Antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, liver stimulant. Indications: Arthritis, Rheumatism, inflammation, muscular pain, tendonitis, Hypertension, cramps.
Other Uses: May be beneficial for Cystitis, Acne, Bladder Infection, gout, gallstones, edema, Eczema, osteoporosis, skin diseases, ulcers, urinary tract disorders. It contains an active principle similar to cortisone and is beneficial for bone, muscle and joint discomfort.
Companion Oils: Basil, Birch, Cypress, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemongrass, Marjoram, Peppermint, Roman Chamomile.
Caution: Do not use if Epileptic. Possible skin irritant. Skin test for Allergies.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Action: Anti-inflammatory, reduces Indigestion, reduces or prevents scarring, promotes healing of wounds.
Indications: Acne, lack of appetite, bladder or kidney weakness, cellulite, respiratory infections, poor digestion, menstrual problems, Eczema, gallbladder inflammation, Gastritis, gout, poor Hair Growth, Headaches, hemorrhoids, Hypertension, liver and Menopause problems, neuritis, Neuralgia, pelvic and Urinary Infections, prostatitis, Rheumatism, sprains, sunburn, thrombosis, ulcers, vaginitis, varicose veins, wounds.
Other Uses: Yarrow is a powerful decongestant of the prostate and helps to balance hormones.

Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata)
Action: Antispasmodic, balances blood pressure, regulates heartbeat. It is used in hair preparations to promote thick, shiny, lustrous hair (it is also reported to help control split ends).
Indications: Heart arrhythmias, cardiac problems, High Blood Pressure, Anxiety, impotence, arterial Hypertension, Depression, mental fatigue, Hair Loss, labored breathing, Insomnia, palpitations, insect bites, tachycardia.
Other Uses: May help balance male-female energies so one can move closer to being in spiritual Attunement and allowing greater focus of thoughts, filtering out the ever-present negative frequencies. It may help lower blood pressure, calm rapid breathing, balance equilibrium, ease frustration, balance heart function, help impotence and intestinal problems, shock and skin problems.
Caution: Possible contact sensitization from repeated use

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

The Mind-Smell Connection

April 25th, 2006

Why is smell so strongly linked to memory and emotion?

It is not fully understood, but this is no surprise as the complexities of brain activity are still far from being unravelled and understood. The brain holds far more secrets than we have discovered. What is known is that the sense of smell is registered in a part of the brain which was already developed in our earliest ancestors.

The limbic area of the brain was well developed before man had the power of speech or was able to make tools. The limbic area is concerned with all those activities vital to survival in a sometimes hostile world: sleep, hunger, thirst, memory, sexual response and, or course, smell are all affected by the limbic system.

As modern man developed the ‘higher’ senses and the brain became larger to accommodate development of speech, intellect and creativity, the ancient knowledge became blunted or buried deep in the unconscious and the limbic area of the brain lost some of its importance. But that ancient knowledge is still there and needs only to be re-awakened.

Essential Oils have the power to re-awaken and stimulate the limbic system and the aromas can be used to excellent effect by the aromatherapist. They also have the power to balance the two hemisphere of the brain. It is known that the left hemisphere of the brain is concerned with logic and intellect, whilst the right is concerned with intuition.

When both hemispheres are in harmony and balanced, we experience feelings of calm and well-being. As we inhale the balancing Essential Oils, the two hemispheres of the brain come into closer symmetry, whilst the stimulating Essential Oils make us feel mentally alert and the sedating oils promote deeper feeling of relaxation. The relationship between the brain, the mind and the body is of vital importance in aromatherapy.

When we send pleasing, relaxing messages to the brain during aromatherapy massage, the hypothalamus receives impulses signalling safety and harmony and, in its turn, the body receives the signal that all is well and that the body and mind are in balance.

The effects of Essential Oils and massage on the various activities of the nervous system form a major part of aromatherapy. We use analgesic oils to relieve pain by damping down the activity of the pain-transmitting nerve endings.

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!

Hot Rock Massage

April 25th, 2006

This is a spa treatment from the Arizona desert.

Select a large, flat smooth stone, the size of your palm Heat stone in a low temperature oven until warm but not hot. Rub some scented massage oil into the stone and use this heated rock to give your partner a soothing massage.

The heat from the stone relaxes and penetrates the muscles. Use up to 15 drops of Essential Oil per 1 oz. of unscented Carrier Oil. Start with less drops, you can always add more.

Try Sweet Almond Oil, Grapeseed or Apricot Kernel Oil.

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For Guaranteed, Effective, 100% Natural Herbal Remedies , please visit Native Remedies

ReflexAromas is where you can find Quality Reflexology Tools, specially-formulated Essential Oil blends for a variety of health conditions, Massage Therapy tools and Crystals.

NaturalEco Organics is where we recommend you go for Organic, natural, chemical-free products and quality remedies for a safe, healthy journey for Mom and Baby, from Pregnancy to baby’s Nursery!

Mountain Rose Herbs is where NHH recommends you purchase all of your Bulk Herbs, Spices, Teas and single oils!

Are you looking for quality Vitamins, diet aids and health Supplements? Visit the Health Supplement Shop - highly recommended by NHH!


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