Oil To Symptom List

May 8th, 2006

The following oils may assist in alleviating the complaints featured. This is not a comprehensive list nor is it considered to be a prescription for the named complaint.

Angelica — Herb Seeds Roots — Cough, Cold, Fever, Flatulence, Indigestion.

Aniseed — Herb Seed Pod — Indigestion, Coughs, Bronchitis, Catarrh.

Apricot — Kernel- Oil — From the kernel premature skin aging, inflammation, dryness use 100% minerals and Vitamins.

Avocado Pear Oil — From the fruit Dry Skin, Eczema Add 10% to Base Oil Vitamins, protein, lecithin, Fatty Acids.

Basil Herb:- Whole Plant — Bronchitis, Fatigue, Colds, Loss of concentration, Migraine, Gout, Aches & Pains, Depression, Fainting, Mental Fatigue, Migraine, Nausea, Nervous Tension, Stimulating.

Bay — Tree, Leaves — Sprains, Colds Flu, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Antiseptic, Decongestant, Tonic.

Benzoin- Tree, Trunk — Coughs, Itching, Arthritis, Colds, Sedative.

Bergamot — Peel of fruit — Fevers, Acne, Tension, Wounds, Coughs, Stress, Anti-Depressant, Uplifting.

Birch — Tree, Bark — Gout, Rheumatism, Eczema, Ulcers.

Black Pepper- Vine, Berries — Colds, Aches, Influence, Flatulence, Rheumatism.

Bois de Rose — Tree, Wood — Tonic, Coughs, Headaches, Antidepressant.

Borage — Seed, Oil — PMT, MS, Menopause, Heart Disease, Psoriasis, Eczema, premature aging, regenerates skin, 10% dilution gamma acid, Vitamins, minerals.

Cajeput -Tree — Antiseptic, Pain Reliever, Lung Congestion, Neuralgia, Acne.

Carrot — Root — Seeds — Gout, Ulcers, Flatulence, Eczema, Psoriasis, Diuretic.

Carrot Oil — Carrots — Premature Aging, itching dryness, Psoriasis, 10% in Base Oil Vitamins, minerals, beta-carotene.

Cedarwood — Tree, Wood — Bronchitis, Catarrh, Acne, Arthritis, Diuretic Lung Congestion, Eczema, Encourages Sexual Response.

ChamomileNervous conditions, Insomnia, antibacterial, disinfectant, Anti-Inflammatory, teething, sunburn, Psoriasis, Eczema, asthma, hay Fever, diarrhea, sprains, Nausea, Fever, Depression, Contain azulene, (Uplifting), Toning.

Chamomile Mataricaria — Chamomile Herb, Flowers, Leaves — Nerves, Migraine, Acne, Inflammation, Insomnia, Menstrual Problems, Dermatitis Eczema, Psoriasis, Inflammatory Diseases, Burns, Nervous Tension, Neuralgia, Insomnia, Contains Azulene.

Chamomile Roman — Athemis Nobilis Herb Flowers Leaves — Nerves, Migraine, Acne, Inflammation, Insomnia, Menstrual Problems, Dermatitis.

Champhor — Tree, Wood — Coughs, Colds, Fevers, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Stimulating .

Cinnamon — Anti-viral, Antiseptic, Circulatory, Heart, Digestive, Respiratory Stimulant. Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, anti-venom eugenol –antiseptic.

Cinnamon — Tree, Twigs Leaves Flu, Rheumatism, Warts, Coughs, Colds, Viral infections

Citronella — Grass, Insecticide, Deodorant, Tonic, Stimulant.

Clary-Sage — Herb, Flowering Tops — Depression, Nerves, Sore Throat, Aches and Pains, Debility, Sedative Uplifting.

Clove — antibacterial, antiseptic, analgesic, toothache, Digestive Problems, muscular disorders, asthma, Nausea, Sinusitis, sedative, nerve Tension, general weakness, Antispasmodic do not use undiluted on skin.

Clove Tree - Flower, Buds — Nausea, Flatulence, Bronchitis, Arthritis, Rheumatism, Toothache, Diarrhea, Infections, Analgesic, Antiseptic.

Coriander Herb - Seeds of ripe fruit, leaves — Indigestion, Influenza, Fatigue, Rheumatism, Flatulence, Nervousness, Analgesic.

Corn Oil — Corn — Soothing on all skins 100% protein, Vitamins, minerals.

Cumin Herb - Seeds, Fruit — Indigestion, Headache, Liver Problems, Stimulant.

Cypress — Leaves & Shoots — anti-viral, Astringent, antispasmodic, Coughs, Rheumatism, Flu, Wounds, Muscle, Nerve, Tens Veins.

Cypress — Tree, Leaves Twig — Menopausal Problems, circulatory Conditions, Rheumatism, Colds, Whooping Cough, Nervous Tension, Hemorrhoids, Wounds, Astringent.

Dill Herb - Seeds, Fruit — Flatulence, Indigestion, Constipation, Nervousness, Gastric Upsets, Headaches.

Eucalyptus — distilled Cooling, protecting, Anti-Inflammatory, antiseptic, antibiotic, Diuretic, analgesic, deodorizing, coughs, Cystitis, Candida, Diabetes, sunburn.

Eucalyptus — Tree,Leaves, Twigs — Sore Throats, Coughs, Bronchitis, Sinusitis, Skin Infections, Ulcers, Sores, Rheumatism, Aches & Pains, Antiseptic, Anti-Inflammatory .

Eucalyptus Lemon — Tree, Leaves, Twigs — Dandruff, Scabs, Sores, Candida, Asthma, Fever, Fungal infections, Skin Infections, Sore Throats.

Eucalyptus Peppermint — Tree,Leaves, Twigs — Ulcers, Sores, Coughs, Colds, Fever, Respiratory Problems, Viral Infections, Headaches, Flu, Rheumatism, Arthritis.

Eucalyptus Radiata — Tree, Leaves,Twigs — Viral Infections, Colds, Coughs, Bronchitis, Whooping Cough, Rheumatism, Muscular Strains. Antiseptic.

Evening Primrose Oil — PMT, MS, Menopausal problems, Heart Disease, Psoriasis, Eczema, prevents premature aging 10% gamma lineolenic acid, Vitamins, minerals.

Fennel Herb - Seeds — Digestive Problems, Menopausal Problems, Obesity, Constipation, Kidney Stones, Nausea, Diuretic.

Frankincense — Tree, Bark — Sores, Wounds, Fevers, Coughs, Colds, Stress, Bronchitis, Laryngitis, Nervous Conditions.

Geranium — -chilblains, cosmetic, endometriosis, Menopause, Diabetes, Throat Infections, Nerve Tonic, sedative, uterine & breast cancer, frostbite, Infertility, antiseptic, astringent, skin Skin Toner, Adrenal, Hormones, Relaxing, Uplifting, Moisturizing, Toning.

Ginger — Root — Stimulating, Rheumatism, Muscular Aches, Pains, Sprains, Broken Bones, Colds, Nausea, Diarrhea, Alcoholism, Digestive Disorders.

Grapefruit — Tree — Rind Lethargy, Tonic, Obesity, Kidney & Liver Problems, Migraine, Antidepressant, Aid in Drug Withdrawal Treatment .

Grapeseed Oil — all skins 100% Base Oil Vitamins, minerals, protein.

Hazelnut Oil — from the kernel — slight astringent Base Oil 100% Vitamins, minerals, protein.

Hops Plant — Buds & Flowers — Neuralgia, Bruising, Menstrual & Menopausal Problems, Rheumatism, Nerves, Diuretic, Sedative Analgesic.

Hyssop Herb - leaves & Flowering Tops — Bruises, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Coughs, Colds, Sore Throats, Viruses, Blood Pressure Circulation, Nervous Tension, Asthma, Tonic.

Immortelle Flower - Flowering Tops — Bacterial Infections, Rheumatism, Muscle Aches, Weakness, Lethargy, Depression, Respiration, Colds, Flu, Fever, Fungicide.

Inula odorata — anti-viral.

Jasmine — Bush, Flowers — Nervous Tension, Depression, Menstrual Problems, Laryngitis, Anxiety, Lethargy, Relaxant.

Jojoba Oil — from the bean — inflammation, psoriases, Eczema, Acne, hair care, penetrates 10% protein, minerals, waxy collagen like substance.

Juniper Tree/Bush - Berries — Tonic for Nervous system, digestive stimulant, Diuretic, Acne, Coughs, Ulcers, Fatigue, Rheumatism, Sores, Urinary Infections.

Lavender — Burns, prevents Scarring, antibiotic, Antidepressant, sedative, immunoactive, Wounds, relaxing, Moisturizing, Antiseptic, Toning, Eczema, Tension, Insomnia, Asthma, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Bacterial Conditions, Headaches, Dermatitis, Fainting.

Lemon Grass — Grass, Whole Plant, Antiseptic, Infections, Headaches, Sore Throats, Respiration, Fevers, Tonic, Insect Repellent .

Lemon Oil — Tree,Rind of Fruit — water purifier, antiseptic, antibacterial oil, verrucas, insect bites, Tension Headaches, lymphatic tonic, digestive stimulant, disperse cellulite, slimming, anti wrinkle, Diuretic, Stimulating, Anxiety, Astringent, Antiseptic, BP Vitamin C, Carotene (A) Bioflavonoids.

Lime — Tree,Rind — Fevers, Rheumatism, Sore Throats, Headaches, Anorexia, Alcoholism, Depression, Anxiety Astringent, Tonic.

Mace Tree - Peel of Fruit — Indigestion, Weakness, Bacterial Infections, Gout, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Circulation.

Mandarin — Tree, Rind — Insomnia, Nervousness, Liver Problems, Digestion, Anxiety, Tonic, Tranquilizer.

Marjoram Herb — Flowering Tops — Relaxing, Sprains, Bruises, Colds, Rheumatism, Intestinal, Cramps, Menstrual Problems Anxiety, Asthma, Bronchitis, Insomnia, Circulation, Muscular Disorders.

Melissa — Herb,Leaves — Relaxing, Nervousness, Bacterial & Fungal Infections, Diarrhea, Eczema, Sedative, Cardiac Tonic.

Myrrh — Tree, Bark/Resin — Antiseptic, Astringent, Tonic, Healing Agent, Dermatitis Coughs, Mouth and skin ulcers, Bacterial & Fungal Infections.

Neroli — Blossoms –Bitter Orange Tree — Antidepressant, Aphrodisiac,Antiseptic, Digestive Aid, Sedative, Bacterial Infections, Bronchitis, Diarrhea, Fungicide, Insomnia, Relaxing, Moisturizing.

Niaouli — Leaves and stems- Melaeleuca Tree Antiseptic, Soothing Agents,Pain Reliever, Decongestant

Gomenol Bush - Leaves, Twigs, Anti-viral, Wounds, Infections, Bacterial Disease, Sore Throats, Burns, Respiration, Acne.

Nutmeg — Tree,Seed — Nausea, Vomiting, Muscle Aches, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Nervousness, Insomnia, Cardio Stimulant.

Olive Oil — rheumatic conditions, hair care, soothes 10% protein, minerals, Vitamins.

Orange Tree - Rind of Fruit — Depression, Anxiety, Constipation, NervousConditions, Muscular Spasm, Tonic, Sedative Antiseptic.

Oregano — Herb,Leaves & Flowering Tops — Anti-viral, Bronchitis,Rheumatism, Respiration, Muscle Pain, Digestion.

Palma Rosa — Grass — Skin infections, Anorexia, Tonic.

Parsley — Herb, seeds — Nervous Conditions, Kidney Problems, Menstrual and Menopausal Problems, Sedative, Diuretic.

Patchouli — Plant — Antidepressant, Sedative, Aphrodisiac Anxiety, Acne, Eczema, Herpes, Ulcers (Skin) “Tired Skin” .

Patchouli — Plant,Leaves — Skin Inflammations, Fungal infections, Acne,Eczema, Dandruff, Antiseptic, Diuretic Insecticide.

Peanut Oil 100% Base Oil protein, Vitamins, minerals.

Peppermint — Herb, Whole Plant — Inflammation, Nausea, Indigestion, Fevers, Flatulence, Headaches Migraine, Liver Problems, Arthritis, Stimulant.

Peppermint — digestive, respiration, circulation, anti-inflammatiory,antiseptic, gas, Flu, Migraine, Fatigue, Migraine, Asthma, Bronchitis,Stimulating.

Petitgrain — Tree,Leaves, Twigs — Anxiety, Insomnia, Depression, Antiseptic, Tonic, AIDS Convalescence.

Pimento — Tree,Berries, Twigs — Flatulence, Indigestion, Cramps, Intestinal Problems, Colds, Rheumatism, Muscular Strains, Depression, Tonic, Tranquilizer.

Pine — Needles, Bark, Berries — Antiseptic, Diuretic, Stimulant Adrenal Glands, Bladder, Kidney, Chest infections, Infections, Fatigue, Rheumatism, Gout, Flu, Bronchitis, Muscle Pain, Diuretic, Respiration Sore Throats,Colds, Circulation, Muscle Pain, Turpentine.

Ravensara — Bush, Leaves — Viral Infections, Liver Infections, Lung Infections, Respiratory Problems, Antiseptic.

Red Thyme — anti-viral.

Rose — Flower –Depression, Aphrodisiac, Female organ regulator, astringent,Sedative, Heart tonic, Stomach Liver, Uterus, Nausea, Headache, Insomnia, Skin Care, Relaxing, Toning Moisturizing, Antiseptic.

Rose Bulger (Bulgarian) Bush - Flowers Petals, Anxiety, Depression, Circulatory Problems, Menopausal Problems, Antiseptic, Tonic.

Rose Maroc (Morocco) - Bush, Flowers, Petals — Menstrual Disorders, Depression, Stress, Tension, Circulatory Conditions, Tonic, Sedative.

Rosemary — Herb — Physical & Mental stimulant, muscular conditions, antiseptic, sprains, Arthritis Rheumatism, Depression, fatigue, memory loss, Migraine, Flu, Diabetes, hair care, Antiseptic, Stimulating, Toning.

Sage — Herb,Plant — Tonic, Antiseptic, Diuretic, Blood Pressure, Female Reproductive System, Sores, Fatigue, Nervousness, Asthma, Bronchitis, Low Blood Pressure, Bacterial Infections, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Sprains, Fibrosis, Astringent.

Sandalwood — Tree — Antiseptic, Tonic, Aphrodisiac, Fatigue, Impotence, Relaxing, Uplifting, Acne, Cystitis, Moisturizing, Menstrual Problems, Skin Infections, Fungal & Bacterial Infections, Sedative.

Sesame Oil — Psoriasis, Eczema, Rheumatism, Arthritis 10 % dilution Vitamins, minerals, Proteins, lecithin, Amino Acids.

Soya Bean Oil — 100 % Base Oil protein, minerals, Vitamins.

Spearmint — Herb,Leaves, Flowering Tops — Flatulence, Indigestion, Intestinal Cramps, Fevers, Nausea, Colic, Hemorrhoids.

Sunflower Oil — Base Oil 100 % Vitamins, minerals.

Sweet Almond Oil — From the kernel — itching, soreness, dryness, inflammation use 100% Glucosides, minerals, Vitamins, protein.

Tagetes — Plant,Flowers — Fungal Infections, Skin Infections, Cuts, Sprains, Strains, Wounds, Circulation Antiseptic.

Tangerine — Uplifting.

Tea Tree — Tree, Leaves, Twigs — anti-viral, Anti-Fungal, antibacterial, Antiseptic, Colds, Influenza, Cold Sores, Warts, Verrucas, Inflammation, Acne, Burns, Candida, Shock, Hysteria.

Thyme Red (Vulgaris) — Herb, Leaves, Flowering Tops — Bacterial Infections,Urinary Infections, Rheumatism, Lethargy, Sores, Wounds, Stimulant Tonic, Raises Immunity.

Thyme Red (Vulgaris) — Thyme linalol anti-viral, eliminates toxic wastes, whooping cough, warts, neuralgia, fatigue, Acne, Hair & Skin Care, cooking, antiseptic powders, Fatigue, Skin Inflammation, Antiseptic, Only diluted, overuse causes Thyroid Problems.

Valerian Plant - Roots — Sedative, Calming, Nervous Conditions, Trembling, Neuralgia, Insomnia, Palpitations, Sedative, Tranquilizer .

Vetiver — Roots of Grass — Calming, Anxiety, Nervous Tension, Insomnia, Rheumatism, Muscle Relaxant, Antiseptic, Tonic.

Violet — Leaves, Plant - Inflammations, Kidney Problems, Obesity, SkinInfections, Fibrosis, Rheumatism, Analgesic and Liver Decongestant.

Wheat germ Oil — Eczema, Psoriasis, premature aging, 10% dilution protein, minerals, Vitamins.

Wintergreen — Herb - Stimulating.

Yarrow — Herb,Leaves, Flowering Tops — Inflammations, Cramps, Constipation,Circulation, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Menstrual Problems, Astringent.

Ylang-Ylang — Tree,Flowers — Sedative, Antiseptic, Aphrodisiac, High Blood Pressure, Intestinal Infections, Impotence, Uplifting, Moisturizing, Anxiety, Depression, Sedative, Tonic.

50 Oil Uses

May 5th, 2006
  1. For good smelling towels, sheets, clothes, etc. place a few drops of your favorite Essential Oil onto a small piece of terry cloth and toss into the clothes dryer while drying. Add 5 drops Essential Oil to 1/4 cup fabric softener or water and place in the center cup of the washer.
  2. Potpourri which has lost its scent can be revived by adding a few drops of Essential Oil.
  3. Add a few drops of oil to water in a spray bottle and use as an air freshener.
  4. Add a few drops Essential Oil to a pan of water and simmer on stove or in a potpourri pot.
  5. To enjoy a scented Candle, place a drop or two into the hot melted wax as the Candle bums.
  6. To dispel household cooking odors, add a few drops of Clove oil to a simmering pan.
  7. For tired aching muscles or Arthritis Aches, mix 1 part Cinnamon, Sage and Basil oil to 4 parts Sweet Almond or other vegetable oil and use as a massage oil.
  8. Ease headache pain by rubbing a drop of Rosemary or Lavender oil onto the back of your neck.
  9. To blend your own massage oil, add 3-5 drops of your favorite Essential Oil to 1 oz. Sweet Almond or other skin- nourishing vegetable oil.
  10. Add 10 drops of Essential Oil to a box of cornstarch or baking soda, mix very well, let set for a day or two and then sprinkle over the carpets on your home. Let set for an hour or more, then vacuum.
  11. To make a natural flea collar, saturate a short piece of cord or softn rope with Pennyroyal or Tea Tree oil, roll up in a handkerchief and tie loosely around the animal’s neck.
  12. Shoes can be freshened by either dropping a few drops of Geranium Essential Oil directly into the shoes or by placing a cotton ball dabbed with a few drops of Lemon Oil into the shoes. Athlete’s foot? Tea Tree is great!
  13. Put a few drops of your favorite Essential Oil on a cotton ball and place it in your vacuum cleaner bag. Lemon and Pine are nice. Rose Geranium helps with pet odors.
  14. To fragrance your kitchen cabinets and drawers, place a good scent dabbed on a cotton ball into an inconspicuous comer.
  15. Are mice a problem? Place several drops of Peppermint oil on a cotton ball and place at problem locations.
  16. The bathroom is easily scented by placing oil-scented cotton balls in inconspicuous places, or sprinkle oils directly onto silk or dried flower arrangements or wreaths.
  17. Apply true Lavender oil or Tea Tree oil directly to cuts, scrapes or scratches. 1 or 2 drops will promote healing.
  18. Homemade Soaps are pleasant and offer therapeutic effects when scented with Essential Oils. Use Soaps which contain pure Essential Oils.
  19. Homemade sachets are more fragrant when Essential Oils are blended with the flowers and Herbs.
  20. An Essential Oil dropped onto a radiator scent ring or light bulb will not only fill the room with a wonderful fragrance, but will also set a mood such as calming or uplifting. (Don’t put Essential Oil in the socket.)
  21. A few drops of your favorite oil or blend in the rinse water of your hand washables makes for pleasant results.
  22. Anise oil has been used by fishermen for years. Use a drop or two on the fingertips before baiting up. Anise covers up the human scent that scares the fish away.
  23. Essential Oils or blends make wonderful perfumes. Create your own personal essence! Add 25 drops to 1 oz of perfume alcohol and allow to age for two weeks before using.
  24. To dispel mosquitoes and other picnic pests, drop a few drops of Citronella oil on the melted wax of a Candle or place a few drops on the Bar-B-Q hot coals.
  25. 1 drop of Lemon Essential Oil applied directly to a wart is an effective means of elimination. Apply the Essential Oil daily until the wart is gone.
  26. Rosemary promotes alertness and stimulates memory. Inhale occasionally during long car trips and while reading or Studying.
  27. Selling your home? Fragrance sells! Fill the kitchen area with the aroma of Spices such as Clove, Cinnamon and Vanilla. Simmer a few drops of the Essential Oil of Cinnamon, Nutmeg and other Spices. Geranium oil sprinkled throughout the home creates a warm, cheerful and inviting mood. Add Cinnamon oil to furniture polish and wipe down the wood.
  28. Add Essential Oils to paper mache. The result is the creation of a lovely aromatic piece of art.
  29. Infuse bookmarks and stationery with Essential Oils. Place drops of oil on paper and put them in a plastic bag. Seal it and leave overnight to infuse the aroma. Send only good news in perfumed letters.
  30. Nock Pillows, padded and decorative hangers make more memorable gifts simply by putting a couple of drops of Essential Oil on them before giving.
  31. Overindulge last night? Essential Oils of Juniper, Cedarwood, Grapefruit, Lavender, Carrot, Fennel, Rosemary and Lemon help soften the effects of a hangover. Make your own blend of these oils and use a total of 6-8 drops in a bath.
  32. Essential Oils of Vetivert, Cypress, Cedarwood, Frankincense and Myrrh all make wonderful firewood oil. Drop approximately 2-3 drops of oil or blend of your choice on a dried log and allow time for the oil to soak in before putting the log on the fire.
  33. Flies and moths dislike Lavender oil. Sprinkle it on the outside of your window frames.
  34. Place 1 or 2 drops of sleep enhancing oils such as Chamomile, Lavender or Neroli on your Pillow before retiring for restful sleep.
  35. When moving into a new home, first use a water spray containing your favorite Essential Oils and change the odorous environment to your own. Do this for several days until it begins to feel like your space.
  36. Ideal scents for the bedroom are Roman Chamomile, Geranium, Lavender or Lemon.
  37. One drop of Lemon Essential Oil on a soft cloth will polish copper with a gentle buffing.
  38. When washing out the fridge, freezer or oven, add 1 drop of Lemon, Lime, Grapefruit, Bergamot, Tangerine or Orange Essential Oil to the final rinse water.
  39. For bums or scalds, drop Tea Tree oil directly on the effected area.
  40. Place 1 drop of Peppermint oil in 1/2 glass of water, sip slowly to aid digestion and relieve upset stomach.
  41. Use 1 drop of Chamomile oil on a washcloth wrapped ice cube to relieve teething pain in children.
  42. Six to eight drops of Eucalyptus oil in the bath cools the body in summer and protects in winter.
  43. Add 1 drop Geranium oil to your facial Moisturizer to bring out a radiant glow in your skin.
  44. Place 1 or 2 drops of Rosemary on your hair brush before brushing to promote growth and thickness.
  45. When the Flu is going around add a few drops of Thyme to your Diffuser or simmer in a pan on the stove.
  46. To bring Fever down, sponge the body with cool water to which 1 drop each of Eucalyptus, Peppermint and Lavender oils have been added.
  47. The blend of Lavender and Grapefruit oil is good for the office. Lavender creates a calm tranquil atmosphere while Grapefruit stimulates the senses and clears up stale air.
  48. A blend of Geranium, Lavender and Bergamot alleviates Anxiety and Depression. Use in a room Diffuser or 6-8 drops of this blend in the bath.
  49. A wonderful massage blend for babies is 1 drop Roman Chamomile, 1 drop Lavender, 1 drop Geranium diluted in 2 Tablespoons Sweet Almond Oil.
  50. 1 drop Peppermint oil diluted in 1 teaspoon vegetable oil rubbed on the back of the neck helps to relieve Headaches

Bay and Benzoin Uses

May 4th, 2006


Properties: Stimulant, antiseptic, tonic, expectorant, analgesic, anticonvulsant, antineuralgic, antirheumatic and astringent.

Uses: Respiratory System: Bay’s antiseptic quality is useful inbronchitis, Colds and Flu.

Skin: A good tonic for the hair and scalp, bay stimulates hairgrowth and also helps to clear Dandruff.

Emotion: Bay is slightly euphoric, lifting the spirits. Itstimulates imaginative decisions, is distinctive and inspiresconfidence.Promotes courage in the submissive.


Respiratory: bay 5 drops Benzoin 4 drops Eucalyptus 3 drops

Skin: bay 5 drops Cedarwood 5 drops Rosemary 3 drops

Emotion: bay 5 drops Grapefruit 4 drops Ginger 2 drops

Urinary: Benzoin 7 drops Celery 4 drops Niaouli 2 drops

Muscular: Benzoin 7 drops Marjoram 4 drops Juniper 3 drops

Respiratory: Benzoin 6 drops Eucalyptus 5 drops Thyme 3 drops

Skin: Benzoin 5 drops Myrrh 2 drops Chamomile 2 drops

Reproductive: Benzoin 6 drops Sandalwood 3 d Bergamot 3 drops

Emotion: Benzoin 6 drops Rose 4 drops Clary Sage 2 drops


Colour and Odour: Benzoin resinoid is thick and dark goden-brown in colour, having a most pleasant aroma resembling Vanilla. It is one of the heavier oils and is an excellent fixative.

Description: The Benzoin tree grows in tropical Asia, where it is also cultivated. The natural gum is collected from deep incisions made in the tree trunk; it hardens on exposure to the air.

Background: Long used in antiquity as an Incense. Known in Europe during the Middle Ages when it was used as a compound tincture for inhalation. It was then called ‘Friar’s Balsam’.

Note: Benzoin is a resinoid and cannot be obtained as a pure Essential Oil. The resinoid is the natural extract from the tree, which is then diluted with a sovent (benzyl alcohol). This makes it easier to pour and handle, as the natural product is very thick and difficult to use.

Properties:Warming, energizing, circulatory stimulant, sedative, decongesting, expectorant, Diuretic, carminative.

Uses: Urinary System: Antiseptic property good for Cystitis.

Respiratory System:Tonic to the lungs. Effective for Colds, Flu, bronchitis and asthma, clearing and expelling congested mucus. Also good for coughs, Sore Throat and loss of voice.

Reproductive System: Excellent for leucorrhoea.

Muscular System: Good for Rheumatism. (wondering if this is good for Fibro as well?!)

Skin: Soothing for conditions where there is redness, irritation and itching, such as Cracked Skin or chapped hands, chilblains and dermatitis. A good remedy for wounds and sores.

Emotion: Calming and comforting for crisis states involving sadness, loneliness, Depression and Anxiety. Especially good for dispelling anger. In times of great exertion, Benzoin eases emotional exhaustion, is energizing and increases physical strength. The scent of Benzoin stimulates the conscious mind and counteracts indifference. Benzoin is protective against life’s crisis. It also releases past tensions and resentments.

The Therapy That Makes Scents

May 4th, 2006

by Corinne Friedman

The pure essences distilled from aromatic plants have been prized for their health-giving qualities for thousands of years. Using the beneficial properties of oils, you can treat common ailments, promote good health and emotional well-being, and enhance every aspect of your life. These potent, volatile essences are nature’s gift to mind, body, and spirit.

Essential Oils can evoke smell imagery; sometimes the smell of a certain aroma can instantly bring back memories of a childhood scene. Some scents can make us feel relaxed while others can make us feel energized and alive–this is the power of aroma.

For centuries it has been common knowledge that scents produce mental and physical responses. Using plant, flower, and spice essences for Beauty treatments (and to help with physical ailments) is common and has been practiced since ancient times.

Today, aromatherapy is moving out of the “health alternatives” and into the mainstream, such as in the workplace (to improve productivity, especially in the afternoon, when companies release lemon or Peppermint through vent ducts - a great “pick-me-up”!). Airlines and hotels are also looking at aromatherapy as a jet-lag cure.

Some believe that Essential Oils contain the vital force of plants, hormones, Vitamins, enzymes, minerals, and the consciousness of the plant. They provide a therapeutic effect by elevating or suppressing action within the body. The oils enhance brain wave functions and improve psychic and spiritual awareness, working directly with the sensory motor system, and thus bringing balance to the body.

The chemical components of the oils, after analysis, show that they have Anti-Bacterial, Anti-Fungal, anti-viral, and anti-parasitic qualities. Many of the oils also support the function of the Immune System by acting as an antiseptic and healing agent. Additionally, some oils can affect the hormonal system, while others can stimulate an opening to emotional blocks.

I have witnessed the profound effects of Essential Oils, creating mental, emotional, and physical shifts. People report feeling more joyful, happier, and uplifted. I like applying Lemongrass on the pulse points, such as the temples, wrists, and ankles to enhance emotional expression. In addition, rubbing Lavender on the feet AIDS in Relaxation and promotes balance.

Essential Oils have a tremendous affect on our bodies, and will continue to play a major role in our health preservation during these times of increasing disease and Stress. Sometimes the quality of Essential Oils can vary greatly. Because Essential Oils carry specific vibratory frequency, they must be of excellent quality.

Many Uses of Tea Tree Oil

May 3rd, 2006

Tea Tree, or melaleuca alternifolia is just one of those wonder oils! This, along with lavendar are the only Essential Oils which can be used neat on the skin, however with all things, some people may be sensitive to this. It’s right up there as an anti fungal/bacterial/septic, fights any bugs, and also helps to strengthen the Immune System.

I like to make room-sprays for different parts of the house - we gotta do something with all those spray-bottles now, don’t we. Simply (with any oil) dissolve a bit in some oil dispersant (I use a small amount of methylated spirits as it’s cheap!!), top up the bottle with water, and spray, spray, spray. If possible, glass is best, but be aware that Essential Oils can eat into plastic, so the sprayers sometimes give-up.

Tea Tree, Eucalyptus and those “camphory” smelling type ones are great at disguising those yukky toilet smells, even for those lucky enough to have a toilet-smoker in the house (erk - I used to, and it does work). You can make small or large amounts, just vary the drops. Copious amounts of different mixes for different occasions, but Tea Tree is predominantly good for freshening and cleansing. Even just a few drops in some water and shake, shake, shake will achieve the same effect.

These mixes cannot be stored for any length of time, though, as they lose their active constituents when exposed to air, some evaporating more than others. Anyway, on with some remedies!!!

Dab some neat with a cotton-bud to mouth-ulcers, insect bites, fungous growths, warts, zits, cold sores and blah, blah, blah! Basically any type of abrasion/abhesion/thingywatsit that needs healing. My partner felt the tinglings of a cold-sore a while back, dabbed some on, and it didn’t even break-out! Instant relief from “itchy-bites”, too, this is something I can testify first-hand. I have part-time care of two 5 year olds who are very versed in the uses of Tea Tree, ooops, Tea Twee! In fact, the Tea Tree ointment is now within easy reach of them, with Brette administering first-aid to her father unattended the other night when he scratched his leg. She felt so important!

Apparently she was so Attentive to Mark’s needs that she was actually pushing the ointment into the wound! He could only wince and smile, she did such a good job. Infact only a few weeks ago I was chatting with the twins and there was an evil witch on the telly. As their mother is a bitch (oops), I mean not very nice person sometimes, it was a good opportunity to herald the witch-thing in me! We were talking about different things associated with being a “witch”, and as I’ve been described as a green one, we got into magic, broom-riding, and the like, so I likened using Tea Tree and Essential Oils and Herbs to doing witchy-things - they know how good this stuff is, so witches can’t be bad (hope you get my drift, here, back on track).

Anyway, later on that day, Brette ever so slightly grazed her hand, we wacked on the tea-tree (half the time I think they invent having itchy-bites!!) and later on that day she was absolutely amazed that the graze had disappeared! Magic! Hey, their kids, let their imagination go, huh? Anyway, back to the “bits”!

Tea Tree can also be used for nits, few drops on a fine comb, or add some to your Shampoo or conditioner, likewise for dogs and cats. Even some drops in some water and shaken up a lot will get the oils dispersed through it. Spray around furniture, animals, etc. Tea Tree (usually) does no harm. For those unfortunate enough to get Thrush, 5 ml Tea Tree in 15 ml Carrier Oil, put about 5 drops onto a tampon and use for a few hours can get rid of it, or a hip(or sitz)-bath (couple of inches of warm water, few drops of oil, sit for a while!!) also helps Thrush or Cystitis.

Dilute down and spray onto sunburn, rub into scalp neat oil for getting rid of Dandruff and controlling oily glands, or mix equal parts of oil with witch-hazel (which is another excellent thing to have on hand, even used neat on haemorrhoids will shrink them instantly - hey, it happens!!) and rub onto oily skin. =20

I think that’s covered it! You can sweeten anything with Essential Oils. As I mentioned previously, put a bit of metho and a few drops of Tea Tree or Eucalyptus oil in the softener dispenser-thingy on the washing machine when washing towells, sheets, Pillows, dog-blankets, to both disinfect and soften them. It’s also a good flea-repellent, and I use nothing else but Eucalyptus oil and a bit of washing-up liquid, diluted in water in the garden to get rid of the aphids, caterpillars and bugs.

I also hail the use of lavendar! Some people do not like the smell of Tea Tree as it can be a bit overpowering, whereas lavendar is very familiar. You can basically use lavendar for the above as well. Eucalyptus shouldn’t be used neat, but a few weeks ago I pulled a muscle on my chest wall and it made things very uncomfortable, especially Breathing! I rubbed on some Eucalyptus oil in the shower, needless to say my air-ways were extremely clear, but for the rest of the day I had a very cool feeling where the pain inside my chest and side was, much more comfortable than cramping!

Eucalyptus is also excellent for getting off those greasy marks that kids/stickers/work-clothes get/leave, even removes nail-polish, no joke, and you footy-players will just thrive with a tea-tree or Eucalyptus rub-down -whoooo-ee! cools the cockles just thinking about it! So next time you have a sprain, cork, boil, rhoid, reach for the tea-tree!

Benefits of Aromatherapy and Massage

May 2nd, 2006

Alzheimer’s and dementia

As well as using the therapeutic properties of the oils themselves, Aromatherapy and massage can be used to promote Relaxation, lower Anxiety and add to the quality of life for people suffering from dementia. Massage has been used successfully to help reduce the effects of Aggression (Snyder 1995), and disturbed behaviour in individuals with severe dementia (Brooker et al. 1997).

There is also much work being done into smell-memory to help with maintaining and reinforcing the short term memory process which is the most distressing symptoms of dementia-related illnesses.

People with dementia often feel confused and Anxious - a gentle hand massage can evoke feelings of comfort and safety, particularly if used with a favourite scent reminiscent of childhood or their favourite perfume.

Antifungal action

Tea Tree has been proven to be effective in the treatment of Acne, athletes foot, and onychomycosis nail infections (Bassett et al. 1990 and Duck et al. 1994).


Massage has an immediate effect on reducing cortisone levels (Stress-related hormone) in children with juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis, and also lowered their self and parental assessed perceived pain levels over a 30 day massage programme (Field et al. 1997).


A 20 minute massage routine every day before bedtime has been found to improve the pulmonary function of children with asthma (Field et al. 1997 c)


Massage Therapy can help with touch sensitivity, attention to sounds and tasks, and with pupil-teacher interaction (Field et al. (a)1997).

Many people with severe learning disabilities have a dysfunctional sensory system (Hatch-Rasmussen 1995, p1).

Autistic individuals are more than likely to rely on only one style of learning (Edelson 1999, p1), either visually, auditory, hands-on, or tactile. The experience of massage stimulates all the senses to help reinforce the learning process through tactile (touch); auditory (background music); olfactory (smell) and the tactile experience (the Interactive Sequence). It helps make the recipient feel safe and comfortable, enables the building of a relationship, and can initiate the process of developing effective communication.

Cancer and palliative care

Previously it was thought that massage was inappropriate for cancer patients as it would ’spread’ the cancer. Nowadays, aromatherapy and massage are used alongside conventional medicine to help treat Nausea, promote Relaxation, and improve quality of life, particularly in palliative care.

The Marie Curie Cancer Care centre in London has conducted clinical trials showing statistically significant improvement in cancer patients receiving massage with an Essential Oil (Internet health library Cancer Research No date).

Complementary therapies including aromatherapy massage have a positive role to play in managing fatigue and Anxiety in cancer patients (Maguire 1995).

The Essential Oils Lavender, Marjoram and Roman Chamomile (no Botanical names available) have also been used with massage to significantly help Relaxation and Anxiety levels in palliative care among 69 individuals self-assessing the benefits of a trial in palliative care (Evans 1995, Wilkinson 1995).

Unspecified oils with massage have also been shown to help with short term Pain Relief in cancer patients (Weinrich et al. 1990).

Challenging behaviour

Some people with learning disabilities are very difficult to reach, particularly those with no verbal language skills, severe learning disabilities or an Autistic spectrum disorder. Aromatherapy and massage can be used to facilitate communication, help to build relationships, reduce difficult and self stimulating behaviour, and offer more meaningful communication. The lack of appropriate tactile stimulation can contribute towards excessive self-stimulating and challenging behaviour. (McCray 1978).

The Relaxation produced during a massage session can help to reduce challenging behaviour by reducing Anxiety and Stress levels (Bijou 1996). For clients with profound and multiple handicaps, massage and the use of aromatic oils can stimulate the senses and add to quality of life.


Due to their chemical make-up, Essential Oils have many natural antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic and antiviral properties.

The use of appropriate oils applied with massage can help relieve aching joints and contribute towards mobility and skin integrity (Hitchen 1993).

Some Essential Oils and Carrier Oils are particularly suitable for use with dry or mature skin. Essential Oils and massage can also help Eliminate Toxins from the body by stimulating circulation and lymphatic drainage (McGuinness 1998).


Aromatherapy and massage offer an ideal medium with which to achieve some of the intensive interaction sequences outlined in Hewett et al. (1993) ‘Access to Communication’. Hewett outlines a method of working with the severely disabled and withdrawn client by meeting them first on their terms, slowly bringing them out by interacting at an enjoyable level to encourage participation and communication. Irritable Bowel Syndrome

The oral intake of Peppermint oil has been shown to help people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Dew et al. 1984).

Pain Relief

Research has shown that Lavender oil (Angustifolia) can reduce pain (Wollfson et al. 1992), and can also be used to reduce Stress and Anxiety (Buckle 1993).

A 20 minute foot massage using Lavender oil with intensive and coronary care patients showed a reduction in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure and perceived pain (Wollfson et al. 1992).

Lower back pain can also be immediately helped with lower back massage (Ernst 1999), and Lavender oil (unspecified) has been show to reduced perennial discomfort over a 5 day period of use after childbirth (Dale et al. 1994).


Through using EEG testing, the Essential Oils of Ylang Ylang and Rosemary have been shown to influence Alpha-wave activity (Alpha-waves are induced by Relaxation), Rosemary suppressing activity, while Ylang Ylang causing an increase - in line with the direction expected by their anticipated therapeutic properties (Jacob 2000).


The sedative effects of Lavender inhalation (non specified species) have been proven in work by Buchbauer et al. 1991, and 1993) when investigating the linalool content. Linalool is a terpenoid constituent that his lipophilic (interacts with cell membranes to suppress cell action (Teuscher et al. 1990), the effects being mildly sedative in nature.

Stress and Relaxation

Aromatherapy massage has long been used to help promote Relaxation and treat Stress - many illnesses of the mind and body are a result of inability to cope with Stress therefore aromatherapy has much to contribute in maintaining health both physically and psychologically.

Massage will Relax both the mind and body - massaging with Essential Oils enables Relaxation and a feeling of well-being inevitable leading to a reduction in Stress and Anxiety. Clients will also benefit from the therapeutic relationship with their therapist. Friction from massage on the skin can stimulate or Relax the body muscles (depending on the sort of massage and oils used), increase blood flow to peripheral areas, lower blood pressure and heart beat.

Massage with Neroli has been shown to have a significant psychological benefit when used over a 5-day period with post cardiac Surgery patients (Stevenson 1994).


Touch is a way of connecting, exchanging information, and building a relationship - this forms the basis of all communication and is central to our work with all people who have severe learning difficulties (Sanderson et al. 1997).

Touch and smell are vital in order to understand the environment. They are also a basic behavioural need. Touch contributes towards a multi-sensory approach to help those with sensory impairment. It is supportive and comforting; it can help develop trust and relationships, so adding to quality of life (Nind et al. 1998).

The RCCM gives dozens of abstracts and references for research on touch (http://www.rccm.org.uk/massagetouch.htm)


Massage can also be used as a way of building up a relationship and developing trust between a client with learning disabilities and a key worker. Sanderson et al. (1997) talks about ‘interactive massage’ with people who have learning disabilities (page 7, 74 and 77) where massage is used as a communication tool to share, learn to trust, and help release emotions.

The Essential Oils

May 1st, 2006

Basil (P, SS) Eases mental fatigue, stimulates poor memory and enhances alterness…. beneficial as a digestive aid…. relieves headache pain

Bergamot (SS, S) Great for Nervous/depressed emotions…. antiseptic for Skin Conditions… regulates appetite…assists convalescence

Cedar, Himalayan (P, SS) A very calming oil…eases bronchitis and respiratory ailments…combats cellulite

Chamomile, Roman AIDS Skin Conditions… eases Migraines…relieves Insomnia..soothing..anti-inflammatory use as a compress for ear-Aches

Clary Sage (P) Avoid if epileptic avoid alcohol, it may exaggerate the effects Produces vivid dreams …eases Migraines balances female hormones….eases menstrual discomfort /PMS/ Menopause… retards excessive perspiration

Eucalyptus (P) Stimulating…anti-viral.. eases respiratory ailments…soothes Sore Muscles and sunburn pain… Anti-Bacterial properties inhibit spread of infection when used in a Diffuser

Frankincense Meditative.. tightens and tones skin… anti-aging.. stimulates cell regeneration… sooths and calms nerves… treats Urinary Tract Infection.. Anti-Bacterial

Geranium, Rose Regenerates and rejujinates skin cells and tissue.. anti-cellulite….eases Stress.. balances hormone problems during Menopause..relieves PMS

Ginger (SS) Relief from Arthritis pain, sprians, muscle Aches and Pains… keeps sport muscles supple… eases Motion Sickness, hangovers, jet lag… sexual tonic

Grapefruit (S) Reduces cellulite & Water Retention … helps obesity…. relieves Hot Flashes and PMSAntidepressant

Jasmine Absolute (P) Aphrodisiac.. long-lasting scent.. elevates spirits.. decreases Depression/nervous Tension.. strengthens male reproductive system … AIDS impotency… physically/ emotionally relaxing

Lavender treats InsomniaAnti-Bacterial for skin Rashes and burns.. eases pain of insect bites and stings… relieves Headaches and Migraines.. calming .. mild enough for children

Lemon (S) refreshing stimulant.. astringent and anti-septic.. tonic to the lymphatic and digestive systems… conditions skin and nails… anti-aging agent

Lemongrass (SS) energizes… great for exhaustion.. beneficial in treating digestion and stomach gas.. good for stimulating, deoderizing foot baths .. insect repellant

Neroli anti-Anxiety.. Antidepressant… gentle sedative for Insomnia… eases palpitaions …Hypnotic/ euphoric.. smooths skin, stretch marks and Scar Tissue.. anti wrinkle… anti-spasmotic

Orange (SS, S) mild sedative for Anxiety and Depression… plumps up aging and Dry Skin.. calming to overcome sadness…

Patchouli sensual rejuvinator.. prevents wrinles and chapped skin .. anti-aging..curbs appetite ..anti-bacterial

Peppermint (P, SS) do not use before bedtime very awakening and stimulating… treats nasea and Indigestion … eases Travel Sickness

Rose Absolute heart warming Aphrodisiac… relieves sexual debilities.. Frigidity/impotency.. treats anorexia.. elevating to the mind.. confidence improving.. creates a sense of peaceful well-being

Rosemary increases sensitivity…increases creativity.. lifts exhaustion… awakens your heart

Sandalwood AphrodisiacAIDS awareness and Meditation… peaceful and inspiring

Tea Tree (SS) strengthens the Immune System… powerful anti-viral.. Anti-Bacterial.. Anti-Fungal

Vetiver good for Stress and Nervous Tension… calming and balancing… treats dry, mature, irritated skin… AIDS in Rheumatism.. circulation tonic

Ylang Ylang (SS) most euphoric Aphrodisiac..sexual energy .. relaxes body, mind and spirit… aniti-depressant… relieves palpitations and Anxiety

Key to symbols: * P - avoid during Pregnancy * S - may iritate sun-exposed skin * SS - may irritate sensitive skin

Make Your Own Potpourri and Sachets

April 30th, 2006

You can use almost anything in your garden to make an aromatic potpourri mixture. Traditionally, potpourri is a mixture of dried flowers and other ingredients, placed in open containers, like small bowls or cups and placed to allow their aroma to delicately scent the room.

Sachets are usually small cloth “Pillows” containing potpourri, which can be used almost anywhere. Sachets have the advantage of being portable, you can place them in drawers, pin them to Pillows, or carry them in your purse wherever you go.

Generally, potpourri ingredients should not be finely ground, Petals of flowers should be lightly crushed. Ingredients such as Cinnamon sticks or Orange peels should be broken into small pieces or finely chopped.

Some flowers that are especially good to use in potpourri are roses, carnations, hibiscus, violets, sunflowers, and lavendar. Some Herbs that work well in potpourri are Chamomile, Lavender, Thyme, Sage and Rosemary. Eucalyptus leaves are a nice addition to any potpourri. You shouldn’t limit yourself to this list however. Experiment, use your imagination and whatever you have at hand.

For all the following recipes, start with bone dry flowers, leaves, Herbs and Spices.


Essence of Rose


Gently combine Petals and leaves in a large bowl. Scatter drops of Rose oil over the mixture using an eyedropper. Stir gently. Place mixture in a brown paper bag lined with wax paper. Fold and seal the bag with a paper clip and leave in a dry, dark, cool place for 2 weeks. Every other day, stir the contents gently to blend and disperse ingredients and scents. Place in glass bowls or candy dishes. Top with small white or pink Rose buds.

Floral 1

Combine 3/4 cup Calamus root, 1/2 cup Caraway seeds, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 2 cups Lavender flowers, 1 cup Marjoram, 1 cup mint, 2 cups Rose leaves, 1/2 cup Rosemary and 1/4 cup Thyme. Mix well.

Floral 2



Combine 1/4 cup orrisroot, 4 cups Lavender flowers, 3 cups Patchouli, 1/4 cup ground Cloves, 1 cup deerstongue leaves and 1/2 cup ground allspice. Add 10 drops oil of Rose, 10 drops oil of Lavender, 12 drops oil of Neroli and 1/4 tsp. oil of Sandalwood. Mix well.


Combine 4 cups cassie flowers, 1/4 cup orrisroot powder and 1/2 cup starch. Mix well.



  • 1/2 cup bayberry leaves
  • 1/2 cup snipped Balsam needles
  • 1/2 cup miniature Pine cones
  • 1/2 cup Rose hips
  • 2 tsp Orris Root
  • 2 drops Pine-scented fixative

Mix the bayberry, Balsam, Pine cones and Rose hips in a large bowl. Add the orrisroot and fixative and stir gently. This makes a great Christmas potpourri!

More stuff…

Processed Corn Cob Additive - Put some ground corn cob material (sold as cellulose, or litter material at your Walmart or pet store) in a jar. Add several drops of Essential Oil, place lid on jar and shake. Shake jar about once every day or so for about 10 days. Add it to your potpourri to give body and help hold the scent.

Potpourri Filler - If you don’t have enough dried flowers to make potpourri, or if you just need some filler, remember you can use almost anything in your mixture. Pine cones (whole or just the Petals), bark, leaves, etc. Orris Root is commonly used as a filler/fixative. Another alternative is to buy a “Filler”. Check out this product from The Flower Petal SACHETS

A sachet is simply potpourri in a fabric container, such as a small bag or Pillow. Sachets can be made from almost any material. Fabrics that breathe well are best, so that the scent of the sachet can escape into the air. Good fabrics to use are cotton, linen, silk, and muslin.

One very simple idea is to buy old lace handkerchiefs at garage sales or flea markets. Put a few spoonfuls of your potpourri mixture into the center of the handkerchief, draw up the ends, and tie with a ribbon to make a small pouch.

Another simple sachet can be made using any old fabric. Cut a small rectangular strip about 4″ x 11″. Fold in half (wrong side out) and stitch up both sides. Turn inside out. (If you don’t sew, you can use fabric glue instead!) Spoon in potpourri mixture, filling pouch about 1/2 way. Gather at the top of the mixture and tie with a ribbon.

The Sense of Smell

April 29th, 2006

Disturbed vibrations occur in the body as a precursor of illness. Vibrational healing restores the body’s healthy vibrations. Essential Oils can be used to balance the subtle energy flows in the body.

We are surrounded by vibrations at all times. Our ears are tuned to receive sound vibrations, our eyes Focus on vibrations of light which allow us to see colour, and our noses detect vibrations of aromatic molecules which allow us to become aware of scents. The most important ingredient in the Aromatherapy treatment is the Essential Oil.

Aromatherapists and perfumeries use musical language to describe scents. We talk of Essential Oils being a top, middle, and base note. About a century ago, a perfumery named Piesse arranged scents on a stave, or musical scale, and this went some way to describing the vibration of scents.

Aromas were also described by colour. Scents can be described as ‘green’ or ‘blue’ or perhaps ‘vivid red’, and we mix scents as we would, colour on an artist’s palette.

Historically, the sense of smell has always been important to man and to his survival. A newborn baby recognises his mother mainly by scent until his eyesight improves and he learns to Focus.

To early man, his sense of smell was every bit as important as what it is to animals. Humans and animals alike emit pheromones (from the Greek ‘pherein’ to carry and ‘hormon’ to excite) which attract, repel, identify or mark territory.

Human pheromones are chemicals manufactured by the apocrine glands and radiated into the air around us. The scent of these are detected by the people in our immediate vicinity and play a large part in sexual attraction. Although we are all radiate pheromones and react to other people’s pheromones, this function takes place on a subconscious level.

As the pheromones we produce are affected by fluctuations in other hormone levels, they can indicate our emotional state. For instance, the surge of adrenalin produced in times of Anxiety can produce a smell of fear. Animals are highly receptive to scents and can easily detect emotion in humans.

Apocrine glands are also located on the soles of the feet and pheromone molecules can remain on the ground for up to two weeks. Primitive tribes have, until comparatively recently, detected the proximity of other people by sniffing the ground.

It is only the process of ‘civilisation’ that has blunted our sense of smell and with it our innate knowledge that scents produce profound responses within us.

Although early man used his sense of smell for survival and reproduction in much the same way as other animals, our present culture pays little attention to the sense of smell in its natural, emotional, feeling sense. We mainly use the sense of smell in a cosmetic way. Spraying and powdering ourselves to remove or Mask our natural scents. We have for so long subdued our senses by the constraints of reason and the rational mind, that we have lost touch with our spiritual nature. We no longer give freedom to the inner, unseen realms of the mind and the subtle communications of the psyche.

The importance of the effects of scents on the human psyche has been gradually eroded. At one time, Incense was burned on temple altars on a daily basis (it is still used today as an important part of some religious services); fragrant Herbs and flowers were strewn on the floor of a dwelling. Odours were often associated with illness and disease. An evil smell was so much a part of the plague that it was believed to be one of the earliest symptoms. It had an odour that was foul and distinctive. The breath of plague victims was described by physicians of the time as that of ‘rotten flesh’ or ‘corrupt cadavers’.

Because Breathing in the foul stench was thought to be one of the methods of contracting the disease, those who were still healthy carried nosegays and pomanders of highly perfumed flowers and Spices. By holding these to the nose they believed that they were warding off infection carried in the venomous air. In the Middle Ages, and even later, pleasant smells were considered to be an important part of good health and immunity to disease. During the 1348 plague, French physicians prescribed Breathing in cold aromatics like roses, Sandalwood, renuphar, vinegar, Rose-water, camphor and chilled apples for summertime protection. And in the winter, hot aromatics like Aloe, amber, sweetgum and Nutmeg.

Another physician prescribed that “The heart must be eased by external bathing and internally with syrups and other medicines. All such preparations must contain some perfume and some aroma, like the fragrance of the lemon tree, syrup of apples and lemons and the acid of pomegranate”. Another recommended that the house and the body should be kept clean; the rooms of the house should be ventilated, sprinkled with vinegar and filled with scented flowers and plants. It should be “perfumed with good smells. So let vine leaves, sweet rushes, willow and osier, small plants and leaves of the lemon tree and all other green things like flowers and sweet-smelling pommes be strewn throughout and placed in the corners and on the walls of the chambers”.

Unfortunately, the bodily cleanliness did not include the use of water. In fact, washing and bathing was considered a dangerous practice at times, as it opened the pores and allowed the odorous, plague-ridden air to enter the body more easily. The hands and face were cleansed with aromatic Lotions and frequent changes of clothing, with abundant use of perfumes, were considered to be indispensable. Physicians recommended that their bodies be washed in tepid vinegar twice a day.

There was also thought to be an odour of sanctity, saints and mystics were considered to emanate sweet odours of violets, roses, Cinnamon and Cloves. This sweet odour was noted even after death and remains of saints were alleged to have given off sweet floral odours many years after death. Pope Benedict XIV stated “That the human body may by nature not have an overtly unpleasant odour is possible, but that it should actually have a pleasing smell - that is beyond nature. If such an agreeable odour exists, whether there does or does not exist a natural cause capable of producing it, it must be owing to some higher course and thus deemed to be miraculous”. Therefore the pleasant odour of the saint is seen as evidence of sanctity.

hroughout the ages, scents and odours have had a deep and profound effect on the human psyche. Suskind says “For scent was a brother breath. Together with breath it entered human beings who could not defend themselves against it, not if they wanted to live. And scent entered into their very core, went directly to their hearts and decided for good and all between affection and contempt, disgust and lust, love and hate, the who ruled scent ruled the hearts of men.”

The Sense of Smell and Emotional Response

April 28th, 2006

Smell is a specialised chemical sense. It is interesting to note that the olfactory cells are the only place in the human body where the central Nervous system is in direct contact with the external environment. When we detect the smell of something, there is a direct contact between the molecules of scent and our own receptors.

The message regarding the molecule of scent is passed along the olfactory nerve to the nerve centre in the brain. The neurons of the olfactory nerve, control the inner responses, i.e. emotions and memories, as well as the body’s hormones. There is no generally accepted classification of the basic types of smells recognized by man. The sense of smell can be very sensitive, sensing minute concentrations of some substances in the air.

There is considerable individual variation in the activity of the sense of smell. Adaption can occur to pleasant as well as nasty smells, due to changes in both the receptors and the central connections.

It is important to remember that the inhalation of the aromas of Essential Oils also has a profound and instantaneous effect on us today. The limbic lobe of the brain receives information about smell via the olfactory nerve and this part of the brain is also concerned with our emotional memory. The limbic system produces the autonomic responses that accompany emotional states and behaviours.

Particular scents can trigger strong, emotional responses which are pleasant or unpleasant according to our own individual experience. Which smells do you find repellent? What are your favourite scents? Perhaps the perfume of a favourite blossom or newly-mown grass, the scents of the garden after light summer rain, the smell of your favourite meal cooking or the perfume worn by a friend, the special scent of a baby or small child.

When oils are inhaled, micro-molecules of Essential Oils travel through the nasal passages to the limbic system of the brain which is the seat of memory and emotion.

The Breathing in of Essential Oils is thought to trigger memories and emotions within the limbic system, which in turn stimulates a response within the entire system.

With the memory comes instant recall of the associated emotion - pleasure, happiness, laughter, affection or perhaps sadness, pain, grief.

For this reason, it is important to always heed the emotional responses to the aroma of the Essential Oils you intend to use. If the scent is in any way repellent, then it is wise to adjust your choice of oils for your blend. The subconscious, emotional responses are telling you something of vital importance and you would be wise to listen. Otherwise, you severely curtail the degree of benefit given.

Smell takes a direct, physical route to the brain because they employ nerve cells as transmitters and receivers. Odours travel directly through the olfactory system in the nose and the front part of the head into the limbic area of the brain which processes the smell.

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