AIDS Seborrheic Dermatitis
Seborrheic dermatitis is estimated to affect over 40 million men and women around the globe who are living with HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus is a RNA retrovirus that affects the ability of the body to fight infection by damaging specific white blood cells. Because HIV has such a profound effect on the immune system of the infected person it places them at risk for several different types of skin diseases, seborrheic dermatitis is one of those skin conditions.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that affects the sebum rich areas of the body such as the face and scalp. It is commonly aggravated by humidity, stress, trauma or changes in season. Seborrheic dermatitis is slightly more common in men than women and peak occurrence is during puberty. It does occur in babies and is commonly called cradle cap.
It is important to note early that AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a medical condition that is a result of a damaging assault to the immune system that leaves the immune system without the ability to fight infections. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), if the virus that provides the assault that ultimately damages the immune system. So AIDS seborrheic dermatitis is often a result of an HIV but can also be caused from one of the other illnesses that can trigger AIDS such as cancer.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease in the general public, affecting between 2 and 4% but affects the majority of patients who are affected by AIDS some 85%. The exact cause of the dermatitis isnt known but researchers theorize that it is the result of Pityrosporum ovale. And because HIV or AIDS changes the way the skin responds to the yeast patients with HIV or AIDS are at greater risk of developing the condition.
AIDS seborrheic dermatitis causes a redness of the skin, which then produces a yellow, waxy scale or flake. In people who dont suffer from AIDS the rash is mostly around the scalp, eyebrows, ears and mustache area. In individuals who are affected by AIDS the rash also appears on the chest, armpits, groin and back.
Seborrheic dermatitis is often treated with antifungal shampoo and topical corticosteroids in people both with AIDS and those without. Scientists have found that those patients who are being treated with antiviral therapy will have fewer outbreaks of AIDS seborrheic dermatitis. Often people with AIDS will find that the severity of the rash mimics the degree of deterioration to their health that they are experiencing from the infection.
Persons with AIDS seborrheic dermatitis should consult with their doctor if their condition doesnt respond to the typical treatments theyve been using. Early diagnosis and treatment of the condition can help to decrease the amount of discomfort they feel when the condition doesnt resolve quickly.
Although generalized seborrheic erythroderma is quite rare in those who dont have problems with their immune system it is more common in those with AIDS, congestive heart failure, Parkinson disease or immunosuppression in premature infants.
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