An Overview of Carrier Oils (Base Oils)

October 3rd, 2005

Carrier Oils may be applied directly on the skin, and/or Essential Oils may be added for use as body, bath or massage oils. As most holistic aroma therapy treatments involve massage, it is important that Carrier Oils are pure, unadulterated and naturally extracted.

Vegetable oils are the most familiar Carrier Oils used in aromatherapy as they have many interesting properties & benefits. Store away from heat & strong light sources. (May be refrigerated to extend shelf life). External use only.

Sweet Almond ~ Prunus dulcis ~ amygdalus var. dulcis
The earliest use of Almond Oil dates back to the Romans who used it extensively in Skincare preparations. Sweet Almond is a well tolerated, light, nonintrusive Base Oil for massage with a faint or no fragrance.

  • Protects, nourishes & pampers the skin.
  • Ideal for chapped or irritated skin.
  • Has excellent penetrating properties.
  • Beneficial regardless of skin type or age.
  • Particularly good for dry, sensitive skin.

Apricot Kernel ~ Prunus armeniaca
A wonderful light texture making it very easily absorbed by the skin. Especially suitable for facial massage blends. Good for the treatment of mature, dry, sensitive or inflamed skins.

Avocado Oil (Refined) ~ Persea americana
Contains 64% oleic, 19% palmitic, 14% linoleic, 3% palmitoleic & 1% linolenic acids. Contains also Vitamins A, B1-B2, D, E. Reputed to be rapidly absorbed into the skin, although in practice this depends on the skin type. Used in nourishing products for dry and dehydrated skin. Can be very useful on people with highly absorbent skin.

Calophyllum ~ Organic not certified
Botanical Name: Calophyllum inophyllum
Country of Origin: Madagascar
Method of Extraction: Cold Pressed
Plant part used: the fruits/seeds (berries) from the shrub
Calophyllum, also known as Tamanu Oil, is thick, viscous and dark grey-green to black in color. History:
A traditional medicine in the South Pacific where it is used for its analgesic and anti inflammatory properties. The fruits are expressed to yield a pasty mass rich in triacylglycerols. The paste itself is used in several countries as a healing and analgesic agent in the treatment of burns.
Therapeutic properties ~ external uses only:
* may be helpful with various problem of the hair & scalp.
* excema and Psoriasis
* maybe be effective for shingles (especially when used with Ravansara)
* claimed to have anti inflammatory and pain relieving properties, which may be helpful in cases of sciatica and Rheumatism.
Use with caution on sensitive skin as it may be an irritant. Use as a Base Oil or as an 10% additive to your blends. (as it is a rubefacient)
Carrier Oil for Aromatherapy & Massage by Len Price

Camelina sativa - Gold of Pleasure
Refined, cold pressed, is a clear, bright yellow oil with a light pleasant odor. Camelina Oil, also called “Gold of Pleasure Oil,” is obtained from the seed of the cruciferous annual plant Camelina sativa. The plant is also called “false flax” as it was often found growing wild in the flax fields. It is particularly valuable as a rich source of polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA’s). Camelina Oil is a remarkable oil, as it has a high content of PUFA’s of both the omega-6 & Omega-3 families. As a matter of fact it is one of the richest sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids with a 40% alpha-linolenic acids, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid. The essential Fatty Acids have a very clear effect on the skin & act as “anti-aging” agents, by enhancing the barrier function of the epidermis, reducing the trans-epidermal water loss and improving elasticity of the skin.
Camelina Oil can be used as an emollient to soften the skin, protect it against the influences of the weather & improve elasticity.

Evening Primrose ~ Oenothera biennis
Method - Cold Pressed
Plant part - seeds
Evening Primrose is a tall, spiky plant that would burst into bloom only in the early evening and would soon die, which is where it gets its name. This would lead to the formation of pods containing tiny seeds (similar in size to Mustard seed) from which the oil is obtained. It can grow almost anywhere. North American Indian medicine men were the first to recognize its potential as a healing agent and used to brew the seed pods to make an infusion for healing wounds. This oil is highly unsaturated, however, rich in Fatty Acids. Especially, high levels of gamma-linoleic acid (GLA), a substance much like the body’s own chemical Metabolism regulator. Fatty Acid Composition: Palmitic ……………………………….6.2%
Stearic …………………………………..1.8%
Oleic …………………………………….6.7%
Linoleic …………………………………73.8%
Gamma Linolenic …………………………..10.2%
Other Fatty Acids ………………………….1.3%
Evening Primrose has been found to be effective for the treatment of:
* useful for dry Scaly Skin,
* Dandruff conditions,
* helpful for Eczema,
* beneficial for those with Psoriasis,
* dry or prematurely aged skin,
* Rheumatoid Arthritis.
* accelerates wound healing
It is very fine & readily absorbed into the superficial layers of the skin. Use in a 10% dilution with another Carrier Oil. Also, an excellent massage oil, mixed with Lavender for treating Anxious children. Recommend to refrigerate to extend shelf life. Ref:
Carrier Oils for AT & Massage by Len Price
The Complete Guide to AT by Salvatore Battaglia

Fractionated Coconut Oil
A favorite of massage therapists. Can be used as 100% of the blend. For a richer blend, mix with Jojoba or almond. Absorbs readily into the skin. Ideal for facial massage due to its non greasy nature. Mixed with Essential Oils for treating bed sores and other ulcers have achieved encouraging results. Fractionated Coconut is chemically clean & contains few contaminants likely to interfere with healing. Is odorless & does not go rancid making it suitable for blending Essential Oils for bath, skin & massage products. Long shelf life.

Grapeseed Oil ~ Vitus vinifera
Has a very fine texture & quickly penetrates the skin. It possesses no odor & is used in massage Oil Blends & facials oils.

Hazelnut - Corylus avellana
Hazelnut oil is made from the kernel. It is rich in Vitamins, minerals & Proteins. Easily absorbed, it lubricates & nourishes all types of skin. It tones & tightens the skin and helps to maintain firmness & elasticity. It also helps strengthen capillaries. Add Hazelnut oil to facial oils due to its skin nourishing & softening qualities and to encourage cell regeneration.

Jojoba Oil ~ Simmondsia chinensis
Unique because this oil is not composed of fat but liquid wax. Ideal for use in cosmetics due to its molecular stability & its natural moisturizing & healing properties. No rancidity level. Suitable for all skin types. Beneficial in the treatment of certain dry scalp & skin. Perfect media for creating your own signature Scent!

Kukui Nut Oil - Aleurites moluccana
Kukui Nut Oil is derived from the fruit of the Kukui Nut tree, the official tree of the state of Hawaii. This oil is high in linoleic & linolenic acids around 42%, olec acid 20% which are essential Fatty Acids vital for the Metabolism of healthy skin. It is a clear oil, high in polyunsaturates. Has a reputation of being excellent for the treatment of superficial burns, chapped skin and some minor skin diseases. Suitable for all skin types and is soothing to dry skin.

Macadamia Nut Oil - Macadamia integrifolia, or Macadamia ternifolia
Family: Proteaceae
Method of Extraction: Cold Pressed
Contains: This oil is made up of triacylglycerols that contain monounsaturated fatty acid units (80%) and has good resistance to rancidity. Macadamia oil is particularly unusual in having a high percentage of Palmitoleic acid units not commonly found in other Carrier Oils. A typical fatty acid profile of Macadamia: Myristic ……………………………………0.6 -1.6
Palmitic ……………………………………7.0 -11.0
Palmitoleic ………………………………18.0 - 25.0
Stearic ……………………………………..2.0 - 4.0
Oleic ………………………………………55.0 - 62.0
Linoleic ……………………………………..1.0 - 4.0
External Uses:
It is a highly nourishing and emollient oil recommended for dry and mature skin. Due to the high Palmitoleic acid, which is also found in sebum, Macadamia oil has often been recommended for older skin which starts to dry as the sebum production diminishes.
This oil makes a pleasant massage oil with good keeping properties as it has a long shelf life. It is also a skin lubricant and is easily absorbed by the skin. It has been describing as the ‘vanishing’ oil. The high levels of Palmitoloeic acid units found in Macadamia oil are not found in any other known plant oil. Cosmetic use:
Used in products that afford protection from the aging effects of the sun. In hair care it is utilized in brilliantine’s and hot oil conditioning treatments.
Ref: Salvatore Battaglia: The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy
Len Price: Carrier Oil for Aromatherapy & Massage

Rosehip Seed Oil ~ Organic ~ Rosa mosqueta-rubirosa - Expressed from the seeds
Researchers in Chile have found a natural oil that provides beneficial effects to the skin.
It is the oil extreacted from the seeds of the Rose bush that grows wild in the south of Chile, a cool and very rainy mountain region. The oil pressed off the Rosehip seed contains an amazing 77% Fatty Acids (linoleic and linolenic). Fatty acids have a very important functions in the regeneration of skin cells and repair of damaged tissues. Over the years, RoseHip Oil has been shown to retard the signs of premature ageing and provide excellent results in the treatment of burns, Scars and unsightly spots on skin. If applied consistently during two or three months RoseHip was found to:

  • reduce Wrinkles and signs of premature ageing.
  • help counter the drying effects of the sun which are usually first noticed in fine Wrinkles or ‘crows feet’ around the eyes and mouth.
  • attenuate Scars (surgical and accidental) and improves the color of same.
  • also, avoids the formation of the keloid type of Scar (lump) which may appear after a surgical procedures.
  • provide excellent results in treatment of skin that has been burnt or exposed to radiotherapy.
Rosehip Oil is massaged into the affected area with fingertips until completely absorbed.

Sesame Seed Oil ~ Sesamum indicum
High in Vitamin E, B complex Vitamins, minerals: calcium, magnesium & phosphorus. Ideal for Skin Care as a natural Moisturizer. Suitable for all skin types. A comparatively stable oil, does not turn rancid on contact with air. Has a distinct oily, nutty odor.

7 Easy Remedies to Soothe Nighttime Heartburn and Indigestion

October 2nd, 2005

Who hasn’t bolted upright in the night, awakened by a sudden and terrible burning sensation in the pit of their stomach? Whether you indulged in some overly spicy chili, or overdid it on those late-night leftovers, these quick Heartburn remedies will soothe your fiery stomach and help you get back to sleep!

  1. The first thing you’ll want to do when you’re awakened by Heartburn pain, is to stand up. This helps keep the acid at bay while you go and get a full glass of cool water.

  2. Drink the whole glass of water, and follow it with a mixture of 1 tablespoon of baking soda, and half a glass of water. Be careful though, if you have High Blood Pressure or are Pregnant, this can cause Water Retention or increase your blood pressure.

  3. DON’T drink milk or suck on mints to relieve Heartburn. Milk might feel nice and cool going down, but it actually contains fats and Proteins that cause your stomach to secrete MORE acid and make your Heartburn worse! Mints, while they may feel soothing, actually Relax the small valve between your esophagus and stomach, whose purpose it is to actually KEEP acid at bay! When this valve is relaxed, more acid can seep up and aggravate Heartburn symptoms!

  4. This is going to sound strange, but downing a teaspoon of vinegar can help soothe Heartburn immediately! Why give your stomach MORE acid when it already seems to have enough, you ask? Sometimes, Heartburn is caused as a result of too little acid, and vinegar helps quell Indigestion by giving your stomach a little extra “juice” (no pun intended!) to do its job!

  5. Certain foods can cause nighttime Heartburn, including: soda pop or beverages with caffeine (which you shouldn’t be drinking before bed anyway!), alcohol, Garlic, chocolate (sorry!), citrus fruits, tomatoes and tomato-based products. Avoiding these types of food can help ease your Indigestion if you frequently find yourself awakened with that intolerable burning!

  6. Eating a banana each day works like an antacid to soothe Heartburn. If you’re already stricken with Indigestion, eating pineapple or papaya (or drinking the juice) can help settle your stomach naturally. Some people also claim that eating a teaspoon of Mustard (yuck!) can work immediately.

  7. Avoid eating at least two hours before you go to sleep. Those late night snacks can keep your stomach busy all night and prevent you from easing into a deep, restful sleep. You may also find that sleeping on your left side or sleeping at a somewhat upright angle can keep acid down where it belongs.

If you are awakened by Heartburn on a regular basis, or the pain is severe, or if you have Heartburn with Vomiting, you’ll want to consult your doctor immediately as it may be a sign of a more serious condition such as an Ulcer. Above all, avoid spicy, fatty and caffeine-containing foods before bed, and you should be able to drift off to sleep easily.

About the Author

Sick and tired of being Sick and Tired, Nettie Mae quit her 3rd shift factory job. To see what keeps her going, visit

Is Bad Breath a Sure Sign of Gum Disease?

October 2nd, 2005

Somewhat reassuringly, the answer is no! While Bad Breath is a possible sign of Gum Disease, other common causes crop up as well. For example, tonsil stones can cause Bad Breath.

Tonsil stones are created when decaying food debris collects in the crevices of the Tonsils and becomes compacted into what are referred to as “stones.” You can have Bad Breath from tonsil stones without having any Gum Disease at all.

Post-nasal drip can also cause Bad Breath, as the discharged mucous provides a rich food for the anaerobic bacteria that cause Bad Breath, helping them to multiply rapidly. Again, this sort of Bad Breath isn’t by itself a sign of Gum Disease.

However, the most common cause of Bad Breath is a lack of adequate oral hygiene. Improper brushing and flossing, or simply too little of it, can leave large amounts of Plaque still stuck to and growing on your teeth and gums.

If this growth is allowed to continue unchecked, the anaerobic bacteria has the opportunity to burrow down beneath the gum line, where they form unwelcome pockets of bacterial colonies, ones that are devilishly hard to reach and clean without the help of specialized tools.

Anaerobic bacteria give off a smell much like sulfur, and it is exactly that smell that’s most closely associated with Bad Breath. Occasional Bad Breath may merely be a signal that it’s time to brush again, but persistent or chronic Bad Breath can be an early warning sign of Gum Disease.

If you have chronic Bad Breath as well as tender or inflamed gums, there’s a good chance that you are experiencing some level of Gum Disease. It’s important to see your dentist as soon as possible to seek treatment, not only for social reasons, but your overall state of health.

About the Author

Blake Kritzberg is proprietor of Stop by to learn more about Bad Breath cures and home remedies for Halitosis.

The Aloe Vera Plant

October 2nd, 2005

THE Aloe Vera PLANT: Where did this healing plant come from and what does it do for us? Find out why so many people have this plant in the kitchen!

Aloe Vera has a long and unrivaled history, dating back to Biblical times. This semi tropical plant has been mentioned on hundreds of occasions in a multitude of cultures throughout recorded history. Needless to say, Aloe has been earmarked as one of the highest ranking herbal and healing plants known to mankind today.

Many have mistaken Aloe for some sort of cactus type plant. Quite understandable given the thick, elongated and spiny leaves jutting from a plant growing so close to the ground. The Aloe Vera plant is actually a member of the Tree Lilly family known as ” Aloe barbadensis”. Aloe has other relations within the Tree Lilly family to include the turnip, onion and Garlic families. The connection to the Tree Lilly does go unnoticed during the springtime when Aloe plants blossom with beautiful tubular shaped yellow flowers.

The Aloe plant is both coveted and prolific, with at least 250 different species grown around the world. The Aloe plant is grown in warm tropical areas as it cannot survive freezing temperatures. Aloe is successfully grown in Africa, South America, Mexico, the Pacific Rim and Australia. In the USA Aloe can be found growing in Texas, Southern California and Florida.

The original use of the Aloe plant on a commercial basis was for the substance called Aloin. This yellow sap served as a successful Laxative for decades, way before prescription laxatives came to be. The 1950’s brought us what we know today as the ever common Aloe gel. This wonderful and healing substance can be found in beverages, Over The Counter cosmetics and sunscreens, moisturizing products and nutraceuticals. Laboratory analysis has revealed the gel portion of the Aloe plant is rich in minerals, Vitamins, Amino Acids and enzymes. It is the saccharides portion of the Aloe plant that has generated a great deal of research over the past decade or so. It is felt that these complex sugar chains may play a direct role in Immune System enhancement.

Those of you who have the Aloe Vera plant as part of your garden may have witnessed the Aloe plant “heal itself”. The upright stiff leaf of the Aloe plant is held rigid by the pressure of the clear gel within the leaf. An Aloe leave that is cut spurts this clear gel, much like a human would shed blood after being cut or scraped. And, much like a human cut which scabs over in a few minutes, the Aloe plant produces a rubbery like film over the affected area to prevent a further loss of fluids.

Also existing as a houseplant that is relatively easy to maintain, it not uncommon for “those in the know” to keep a plant in the kitchen in case a burn should occur during normal cooking duties. To cool the burn and begin its healing, simply tear off a leaf and apply the cooling clear inner gel. Whatever your reasons for owning or using this succulent perennial plant, make certain that the Aloe products you use have the seal of approval as designated by the International Aloe Science Council ( IASC). The IASC exists as a governing body to insure that you are indeed purchasing a first-rate product from an approved manufacturer.

About the Author

Dr. Linda Posh MS SLP ND, has been in the lab developing whole food nutritional supplements. Nutra-Resources Body Balance Liquid Vitamin Website donates all profits to Health Care for those in need.

Top 3 Herbs For Cholesterol Management

October 2nd, 2005

It is not unusual to have High Cholesterol level in your blood. It happens even to the best of us. But if you suddenly find out that you have High Cholesterol you must immediately take action. This is called ‘Cholesterol Management’.

It may seem a pretentious notion, but it keeps you away from heart problems. Cholesterol management involves few simple rules for lowering your cholesterol level: eat low fat (it doesn’t matter if it is saturated fat or total fat, they are wrong nonetheless) foods; Lose Weight; eat fruits and vegetables; grill your food instead of frying it; and start being more physically active.

Aside from these basic rules, there are some factors that can help you with your cholesterol management action. Research has shown that nature is providing us with all the necessary elements for a healthy life. In this case, plants help reducing cholesterol. You don’t have to eat the entire garden; you just need to keep in mind 3 Herbs that are essential to cholesterol management.

  1. Garlic Bulb

Garlic’s curing properties have been known for centuries as it was used for treating different illness. Garlic has a highly concentrated content of organosulfur substances that can be also found in vegetables like cauliflower, onion and broccoli. But Garlic’s sulfur concentration is four times higher than other vegetables’.

Why is Garlic good for managing your cholesterol? Well, sulphur lowers the serum cholesterol level (LDL or Bad Cholesterol) and raises HDL or Good Cholesterol. It does this by decreasing the clotting effects that are causing Plaque formation in blood vessels and arteries which are responsible for the occurrence of Heart Disease and strokes. In other words, Garlic is providing a good, healthy blood circulation.

  1. Alfalfa Herb

Latest research has shown that saponins in alfalfa seeds are blocking the formation of atherosclerotic Plaque which is being caused by the accumulation on cholesterol in the blood vessels.

Alfalfa seeds are attacking the low-density lipoprotein (LDL), removing it from the blood and replacing it with high-density lipoprotein (HDL) which is good for the human body. However, you must pay attention to the amount of alfalfa seeds you would be using as consuming them in excess may cause damage to the red blood cells.

  1. Capsicum Fruit

Everybody has eaten capsicum for at least once in his/her lifetime as it is a spicy herb used for making salsa and chilli. It has been proven that the extract of this plant stimulates the blood flow.

This means that capsicum extract is making the slow and toxins-loaded circulation faster, determining the blood to reach the far parts of the body that need oxygen and nutrients. It has the same favorable effect as Garlic.

These are the most important Herbs to be used in cholesterol management, but if you want to add some ’spice’ in your life, you can use: Ginseng, Turmeric, Cayenne, Aloe Vera, Saffron, Dandelion, Burdock root, Red Clover blooms or Echinacea root.

But remember consuming these Herbs in excess can cause you side effects so always consult a doctor before using them.

About the Author

Lifexpand presents a wide range of premium dietary supplements to promote better health, formulated with all-natural extracts, mixed for optimal potency and effectiveness, using whenever applicable, key ingredients and plants from the Rainforest. Great Cholesterol management info and products, visit us Here

Applying MakeUp The Right Way

October 2nd, 2005

You own the best makeup money can buy. You thumb through fashion magazines to study the faces of those stick-thin, runway models. You spend two hours each morning putting on your face. And, you still don’t look right. What’s a girl got to do to look good around here?

Lights, camera, action…consider three things:

What’s the lighting in your make-up area? Adjust it, and you may find that you’re better able to cover your flaws and accentuate your attributes.

Picture yourself. Is the look you’re struggling to attain realistic for you? The supermodel-look you’re using to create your own makeup style may not be at all like you.

Look for famous faces with features similar to your own.

What colors and products do your look-alikes use with success Try modeling yourself after realistic ideals.

Are you using the right colors and products?

Learn from the pros…take a lesson. Spend a half hour with a professional makeup stylist. Visit a department store Beauty counter. Ask a well-put together friend for a tutorial. Take notes. Here are a few basic guidelines to keep in mind.

Foundation Careful selection of color is essential. Remember, what looks good in January, may not in August.

Reevaluate color often.

Apply with sponge or fingertips. Dot foundation in the shape of a ‘T’ from forehead to chin. Then blend outward. Don’t apply pressure to skin. Be sure you don’t leave a ‘defining line’ along your jaw line.

Blend any line with a tissue.

Eyes Eye shadow is available in complementing multi-tone color combinations. It’s a good idea to buy these sets, rather than individual colors, if you don’t trust your own Beauty know-how.

Swipe applicator across lightest color, tap off excess powder, and sweep across lid to brow bone working from the inside out. Accent with medium tone from middle of lash to outer edge of eyes. For a smoky, night time look, use a third color as an accent. Blend colors with your pinky.

Cheeks Using a full-sized blush brush, apply blush to brush, tap off the excess, smile and sweep color gently from apple of cheek to temple. Soften color with a tissue, if needed.

Powder Loose powder sets make-up and extends its wear. Gently dust your made-up face.

Lips Last Liner and lipstick are your last step. Apply and blot with a tissue.

Less is more…really! Avoid looking overly made up. Too much make-up can look worse than the flaws it’s intended to hide.

Practice, practice, practice. Do you remember how much fun it was to play with make-up as a child? Recapture that fun. Play around with different looks.

You don’t know how something will look until you try it. But, save the experiments for a slow day. Your sister’s Wedding day is no day for a new you.

About the Author

Allison Saunders is a MAC qualified Make-up Artist and the author of an amazing new course, “Hollywood Makeup Secrets” a step-by-step simple video system for maximizing your inner and outer Beauty potential. You can learn more about Allison, and subscribe to her free newsletter by visiting Here

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